The psychological status at school age of children conceived by in-vitro fertilization

Thomas R. Montgomery, Frank Aiello, Raymond D. Adelman, Nadia Wasylyshyn, Mason C. Andrews, T. Berry Brazelton, Georgeanna S. Jones, Howard W. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study assessed the behavioural and psychological profiles of children conceived by in-vitro fertilization (IVF) who are now at school age. A total of 743 IVF children born at one institution and now of school age, over 4 years old, were surveyed with Achenbach questionnaires. Follow-up telephone interviews were conducted with non-responders. The results from the study group were compared to the questionnaire control group using one-tailed t-test with statistical significance set less than 0.05. There was an 84% overall response rate. Sixty-seven per cent returned questionnaires. An additional 17% completed a telephone interview. The study group had no statistically significant increase in the rate of behavioural or psychological problems compared with the control group. There were no statistically significant differences within the study group related to sex or to multiple gestation IVF births. This large group of school-age IVF children has normal psychological development with no identified adverse effect of their status as IVF children. Determining the role, if any, of IVF in the very small number of children with behavioural and psychological problems will require additional study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2162-2165
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1999


  • Achenbach
  • Behavioural checklists
  • Behavioural profile
  • In-vitro fertilization
  • Psychological profile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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