The providing resources to enhance African American patients readiness to make decisions about kidney disease (PREPARED) study: Protocol of a randomized controlled trial

Patti L. Ephraim, Neil R. Powe, Hamid Rabb, Jessica Ameling, Priscilla Auguste, Lapricia Lewis-Boyer, Raquel C. Greer, Deidra C. Crews, Tanjala S. Purnell, Bernard G. Jaar, Nicole Depasquale, L. Ebony Boulware

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Living related kidney transplantation (LRT) is underutilized, particularly among African Americans. The effectiveness of informational and financial interventions to enhance informed decision-making among African Americans with end stage renal disease (ESRD) and improve rates of LRT is unknown. Methods/design. We report the protocol of the Providing Resources to Enhance African American Patients Readiness to Make Decisions about Kidney Disease (PREPARED) Study, a two-phase study utilizing qualitative and quantitative research methods to design and test the effectiveness of informational (focused on shared decision-making) and financial interventions to overcome barriers to pursuit of LRT among African American patients and their families. Study Phase I involved the evidence-based development of informational materials as well as a financial intervention to enhance African American patients and families proficiency in shared decision-making regarding LRT. In Study Phase 2, we are currently conducting a randomized controlled trial in which patients with new-onset ESRD receive 1) usual dialysis care by their nephrologists, 2) the informational intervention (educational video and handbook), or 3) the informational intervention in addition to the option of participating in a live kidney donor financial assistance program. The primary outcome of the randomized controlled trial will include patients self-reported rates of consideration of LRT (including family discussions of LRT, patient-physician discussions of LRT, and identification of a LRT donor). Discussion. Results from the PREPARED study will provide needed evidence on ways to enhance the decision to pursue LRT among African American patients with ESRD. Trial registration. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01439516.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number135
JournalBMC nephrology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • End stage renal disease
  • Live kidney donation
  • Live kidney transplantation
  • Shared decision-making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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