Bortezomib (PS-341, Velcade) is a dipeptidyl boronic acid inhibitor of the 20S proteasome that was developed as a therapeutic agent for cancer. Here, we investigated the effects of bortezomib on the growth of human 253JB-V bladder cancer cells. Although the drug did not stimulate significant increases in levels of apoptosis, it inhibited cell growth in a concentration-dependent fashion and augmented the growth inhibitory effects of gemcitabine in vitro. These effects were associated with accumulation of p53 and p21 and suppression of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 activity. Bortezomib also inhibited secretion of the proangiogenic factors matrix metalloproteinase-9, interieukin-8 (IL-8), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In vivo studies with 253JB-V tumors growing in nude mice demonstrated that bortezomib (1 mg/kg) did not inhibit tumor growth when it was delivered as a single agent, although it reduced tumor microvessel density and inhibited expression of VEGF and IL-8. However, combination therapy with bortezomib plus gemcitabine produced synergistic tumor growth inhibition associated with strong suppression of tumor cell proliferation. Together, our results demonstrate that bortezomib has significant antiproliferative activity in aggressive bladder cancer cells, which is best exploited within the context of combination chemotherapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|State||Published - Mar 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research