A study was carried out in metropolitan Baltimore in which the short‐ and long‐term prognosis of 655 patients with anterior myocardial infarction (MI) was compared with that of 520 patients with inferior/posterior MI. The study was performed on a community‐wide basis in two time periods before the clinical introduction and widespread use of beta‐blockade therapy. After simultaneous adjustment for several socio‐demographic and clinical variables, the in‐hospital case fatality rate was greater for patients with anterior (27.5%) than for those with inferior/posterior MI (22.9%) (p<0.05). Similarly, for those discharged alive from the hospital and followed up for as long as 10 years, patients with infarction of the anterior wall had a significantly poorer long‐term survival than that of patients with infarction of the inferior/posterior wall (p<0.05). These results suggest that closer surveillance should be directed at patients with anterior myocardial infarction, both during the acute phase and after hospital discharge.
- anterior myocardial infarction
- community‐wide study
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine