BACKGROUND: A murine model would be useful to identify which immune mechanisms could be manipulated to treat or prevent red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization in patients who become sensitized to multiple or widely expressed antigens. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Transgenic mice (B6CBAF1/J-Tg-Fyb) expressing the human Fyb antigen of the Duffy (Fy) blood group were donors. Recipient B6CBA-F1 mice received four weekly intravenous (IV) transfusions: either 0.3 mL of washed buffy coat-depleted RBCs or 0.3 mL of RBCs with spleen cells. Titers of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) were measured in recipient serum samples by flow cytometry with RBCs from donor mice as target cells. Recipient serum samples were also tested against human RBCs of various Fy phenotypes. Additionally, RBC survival studies were performed in alloimmunized mice utilizing biotin-labeled Fyb transgenic mouse RBCs. RESULTS: B6CBA-F1 mice receiving washed buffy coat-depleted RBCs first made IgM, followed by IgG alloantibodies to transgenic mouse Fyb-positive RBCs. Recipients of Fyb-positive RBCs mixed with spleen cells also produced IgM and IgG alloantibodies, but at a slower rate than recipients of washed buffy coat-depleted RBCs. Serum samples showed specificity for Fy3, Fyb, and Fy6. Decreased survival of transfused RBCs was evident at 24 hours after transfusion. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to elicit the formation of anti-Fy alloantibodies by IV transfusion in mice that lack Fy antigens. The transfusion of RBCs alone was adequate to stimulate alloantibody production in B6CBA-F1 recipient mice. The survival of transfused Fyb-positive RBCs is diminished in sensitized mice. This model will be useful in further studies of RBC alloimmunization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy