The prevalence of pit and fissure sealants among twelve year olds living in Puerto Rico during 1997.

Augusto R. Elías-Boneta, Rosana Hanke Herrero, Kevin Psoter, Carlos E. Toro Vizcarrondo, Walter J. Psoter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: to estimate the prevalence of pit and fissure sealants on first permanent molars in twelve year olds living in Puerto Rico and to further evaluate dental sealant prevalence by (1) urban/rural and public/private school status as well as (2) gender; DESIGN: population-based, cross-sectional study. SETTING: public and private schools encompassing the 11 health regions of Puerto Rico. Subjects: a probabilistic sample of 12-year old school attendees in Puerto Rico representing a population of approximately 70,000. METHOD: during April through December 1997, the first permanent molars of 1435 subjects were evaluated by visual and tactile methods for the presence of dental sealants. RESULTS: the data collected revealed that 4.3% of 12 years olds presented at least one permanent first molar sealed. A statistically significant difference (p = 0.01) between urban-public (2.5%), rural-public (3.39%) and urban-private (11.0%) schools was observed. The prevalence of sealants was higher in males (5.5%) than females (2.9%); (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: the prevalence of dental sealants in the first permanent molars of 12-year olds living in Puerto Rico during 1997 (4.3%) is lower than that reported in the United States (18.5%). Sealant prevalence was higher in males and students attending (urban) private schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-136
Number of pages4
JournalPuerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Volume25
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Pit and Fissure Sealants
Puerto Rico
Touch
Population
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Elías-Boneta, A. R., Herrero, R. H., Psoter, K., Toro Vizcarrondo, C. E., & Psoter, W. J. (2006). The prevalence of pit and fissure sealants among twelve year olds living in Puerto Rico during 1997. Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, 25(2), 133-136.

The prevalence of pit and fissure sealants among twelve year olds living in Puerto Rico during 1997. / Elías-Boneta, Augusto R.; Herrero, Rosana Hanke; Psoter, Kevin; Toro Vizcarrondo, Carlos E.; Psoter, Walter J.

In: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, Vol. 25, No. 2, 06.2006, p. 133-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elías-Boneta, AR, Herrero, RH, Psoter, K, Toro Vizcarrondo, CE & Psoter, WJ 2006, 'The prevalence of pit and fissure sealants among twelve year olds living in Puerto Rico during 1997.', Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 133-136.
Elías-Boneta, Augusto R. ; Herrero, Rosana Hanke ; Psoter, Kevin ; Toro Vizcarrondo, Carlos E. ; Psoter, Walter J. / The prevalence of pit and fissure sealants among twelve year olds living in Puerto Rico during 1997. In: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 133-136.
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