The prevalence of alcohol use disorders among night-time weekend drivers

C. Debra Furr-Holden, Robert B. Voas, John Lacey, Eduardo Romano, Kristina Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims The objective of this study was to establish the extent of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among drivers at risk for alcohol-related crashes. The prevalence of drivers with AUDs on US roads on weekend evenings when alcohol-related crashes are most frequent is unknown. This study will inform laws and programs designed to reduce alcohol-involved crashes. Design Interviews using a 15-item AUD questionnaire with a stratified random sample of non-commercial drivers at 60 primary sampling locations in the 48 contiguous states on Fridays and Saturdays between 10 p.m. and 3 a.m. from July to November 2007. Setting Off-road locations into which a police officer directed a random selection of motorist passing the site. Participants A total of 4614 drivers of non-commercial vehicles. Measurements AUDs, including heavy drinking, alcohol abuse, and alcohol dependence. Findings Of the participating drivers, 73.7% were current drinkers (reported drinking in the last year). Among those drinkers, 14% were classifiable either as dependent drinkers or as abusive drinkers based on self-reports of drinking. Another 10% of the drivers were classified as heavy drinkers. Nearly half of the drivers in the survey who had blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) at or higher than the 0.08g per deciliter legal limit fell into one of those three AUD categories. Conclusions Survey data suggest that the majority of high-blood alcohol concentration drivers on US roads show no clinical signs of an alcohol use disorder, but they are categorized as heavy drinkers. This suggests that environmental programs directed at reducing heavy drinking and brief behavioral interventions aimed at reducing episodes of excessive consumption have promise for reducing alcohol-related crashes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1251-1260
Number of pages10
JournalAddiction
Volume106
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Alcohol dependence
  • Alcohol measurement
  • Alcohol use disorders
  • Binge drinking
  • Drinking and driving
  • Heavy drinking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Furr-Holden, C. D., Voas, R. B., Lacey, J., Romano, E., & Jones, K. (2011). The prevalence of alcohol use disorders among night-time weekend drivers. Addiction, 106(7), 1251-1260. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03408.x