The prediction of maximal oxygen uptake before and after physical training in children

K. J. Stewart, B. Gutin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Maximal oxygen consumption (V(o2) max) expressed in ml/kg/min and predicted V(o2) max were determined before and after 8 weeks of training in 24 boys 10 to 12 years. Training involved 13 of them while 11 were controls. Predicted V(o2) max was based on submaximal cycling heart rate according to the Astrand Ryhming procedure. Pre training, V(o2) max was underpredicted by 12 per cent. This resulted mainly from an apparently low cycling efficiency in these subjects compared to that implicit in the prediction equation. Although adjustments in the prediction equation could equalize the means for V(o2) max and predicted V(o2) max, the rather low correlation (r=.55) between these measures precluded the accurate prediction of individual scores. V(o2) max remained unchanged with training while submaximal heart rate during bicycle and treadmill exercise showed a significant decrease, resulting in predicted increases in V(o2) max in children. Since V(o2) max was actually unchanged, the prediction falsely indicated an improvement. Furthermore, despite a significantly lower heart rate in the trained group, there was no difference in predicted V(o2) max between the groups post training. These findings indicate that if V(o2) max is the parameter of interest, it would seem to be more satisfactory to measure it directly until more reliable methods of prediction are developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-162
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Human Ergology
Volume4
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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