The plasma membrane redox system is impaired by amyloid β-peptide and in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of 3xTgAD mice

Dong Hoon Hyun, Mohamed R. Mughal, Hyunwon Yang, Ji Hyun Lee, Eun Joo Ko, Nicole D. Hunt, Rafael de Cabo, Mark P. Mattson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Membrane-associated oxidative stress has been implicated in the synaptic dysfunction and neuronal degeneration that occurs in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Enzymes of the plasma membrane redox system (PMRS) provide electrons for energy metabolism and recycling of antioxidants. Here, we show that activities of several PMRS enzymes are selectively decreased in plasma membranes from the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of 3xTgAD mice, an animal model of AD. Our results that indicate the decreased PMRS enzyme activities are associated with decreased levels of coenzyme Q10 and increased levels of oxidative stress markers. Neurons overexpressing the PMRS enzymes (NQO1 or cytochrome b5 reductase) exhibit increased resistance to amyloid β-peptide (Aβ). If and to what extent Aβ is the cause of the impaired PMRS enzymes in the 3xTgAD mice is unknown. Because these mice also express mutant tau and presenilin-1, it is possible that one or more of the PMRS could be adversely affected by these mutations. Nevertheless, the results of our cell culture studies clearly show that exposure of neurons to Aβ1-42 is sufficient to impair PMRS enzymes. The impairment of the PMRS in an animal model of AD, and the ability of PMRS enzyme activities to protect neurons against Aβ-toxicity, suggest enhancement PMRS function as a novel approach for protecting neurons against oxidative damage in AD and related disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-429
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume225
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid β-peptide
  • Coenzyme Q
  • Oxidative stress
  • Plasma membrane redox system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Hyun, D. H., Mughal, M. R., Yang, H., Lee, J. H., Ko, E. J., Hunt, N. D., de Cabo, R., & Mattson, M. P. (2010). The plasma membrane redox system is impaired by amyloid β-peptide and in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of 3xTgAD mice. Experimental Neurology, 225(2), 423-429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2010.07.020