The pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. The source and role of oxygen-derived free radicals in three different experimental models

H. Sanfey, G. B. Bulkley, J. L. Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent experimental work has suggested that oxygen-derived free radicals may play an important role in initiating the early capillary injury in acute pancreatitis. Data from models of ischemic injury in other organs have suggested the enzyme xanthine oxidase is important in generating oxygen-derived free radicals. The present study was performed to determine whether xanthine oxidase is the source of free radical production in experimental pancreatitis. Utilizing the isolated, perfused, ex vivo canine pancreas preparation, three models of pancreatitis were initiated with (1) free fatty acid infusion (FFA), (2) partial duct obstruction and secretin stimulation (POSS), and (3) ischemia (ISCH). In each model, during a 4-hour perfusion, edema developed, weight gain occurred (FFA 120.6 ± 21.1 gm; POSS 44.5 ± 6.9 gm; ISCH 63.3 ± 14.0 gm), and the serum amylase became elevated (FFA 1827 ± 397 u/dl; POSS 10,171 ± 1487 u/dl; ISCH 1860 ± 365 u/dl). When the xanthine oxidase enzyme inhibitor allopurinol was added to the perfusate prior to the 4-hour perfusion, edema formation was absent or minimal, weight gain was significantly less (FFA 15.2 ± 2.5 gm p < 0.05; POSS 8.8 ± 2.7 gm p < 0.001; ISCH 12.3 ± 2.8 gm p < 0.01), and the amylase remained normal or the elevation was significantly decreased (FFA 996 ± 189 u/dl p < 0.05; POSS 3021 ± 1074 u/dl p < 0.001; ISCH 993 ± 214 u/dl p < 0.002). These data confirm that oxygen-derived free radicals play an important role in the pathogenesis of experimental acute pancreatitis, and suggest that the enzyme xanthine oxidase may well be the source of their production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-639
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume201
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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