The outcome of open pelvic fractures in the modern era

Christopher J. Dente, David V. Feliciano, Grace Rozycki, Amy D. Wyrzykowski, Jeffrey M. Nicholas, Jeffrey P. Salomone, Walter L. Ingram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Recent series have reported that the mortality rate of open pelvic fractures has decreased to <10%. These injuries are often associated with intra-abdominal visceral damage, although few series have documented the prognostic significance of this injury complex. Methods: A retrospective review in an urban level I trauma center of all patients who sustained open pelvic fracture between 1995 and 2004. Results: Forty-four patients were identified as having sustained open pelvic fracture. Average Injury Severity Score was 30, with 77% of patients having a score ≥16. Overall mortality was 45% (n = 20): 11 early deaths and 9 late deaths at an average of 17 days. Vertical shear injuries, although rare, were universally fatal. Other risk factors for overall mortality included revised trauma score, Injury Severity Score, transfusion requirement, Faringer zones I or II injury, Gustilo grade III soft tissue injury, need for therapeutic angiography, and presence of intra-abdominal injury, the latter of which conferred 89% mortality. Risk factors for late deaths also included pelvic sepsis, which occurred in 5 patients and was fatal in 3 (60%). Conclusions: The morbidity of open pelvic fractures remains high. Associated intra-abdominal injury or active arterial bleeding requiring therapeutic angiography is associated with a grim prognosis. There is a continuing need for new therapeutic approaches to this injury complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)831-837
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume190
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Open Fractures
Wounds and Injuries
Abdominal Injuries
Injury Severity Score
Mortality
Angiography
Soft Tissue Injuries
Trauma Centers
Sepsis
Therapeutics
Hemorrhage
Morbidity

Keywords

  • Damage-control surgery
  • Mortality
  • Open fracture
  • Pelvic fracture
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Dente, C. J., Feliciano, D. V., Rozycki, G., Wyrzykowski, A. D., Nicholas, J. M., Salomone, J. P., & Ingram, W. L. (2005). The outcome of open pelvic fractures in the modern era. American journal of surgery, 190(6), 831-837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2005.05.050

The outcome of open pelvic fractures in the modern era. / Dente, Christopher J.; Feliciano, David V.; Rozycki, Grace; Wyrzykowski, Amy D.; Nicholas, Jeffrey M.; Salomone, Jeffrey P.; Ingram, Walter L.

In: American journal of surgery, Vol. 190, No. 6, 01.01.2005, p. 831-837.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dente, CJ, Feliciano, DV, Rozycki, G, Wyrzykowski, AD, Nicholas, JM, Salomone, JP & Ingram, WL 2005, 'The outcome of open pelvic fractures in the modern era', American journal of surgery, vol. 190, no. 6, pp. 831-837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2005.05.050
Dente CJ, Feliciano DV, Rozycki G, Wyrzykowski AD, Nicholas JM, Salomone JP et al. The outcome of open pelvic fractures in the modern era. American journal of surgery. 2005 Jan 1;190(6):831-837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2005.05.050
Dente, Christopher J. ; Feliciano, David V. ; Rozycki, Grace ; Wyrzykowski, Amy D. ; Nicholas, Jeffrey M. ; Salomone, Jeffrey P. ; Ingram, Walter L. / The outcome of open pelvic fractures in the modern era. In: American journal of surgery. 2005 ; Vol. 190, No. 6. pp. 831-837.
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