The orally active glutamate carboxypeptidase II inhibitor E2072 exhibits sustained nerve exposure and attenuates peripheral neuropathy

Krystyna M. Wozniak, Ying Wu, James J. Vornov, Rena Lapidus, Rana Rais, Camilo Rojas, Takashi Tsukamoto, Barbara S. Slusher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Peripheral neuropathy from nerve trauma is a significant problem in the human population and often constitutes a doselimiting toxicity in patients receiving chemotherapy. (3-2-Mercaptoethyl) biphenyl-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (E2072) is a potent (Ki = 10 nM), selective, and orally available inhibitor of glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII). Here, we report that E2072 attenuates hyperalgesia and nerve conduction velocity deficits in preclinical rodent models of neuropathic pain and oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy. In the chronic constrictive injury model, orally administered E2072 reversed pre-existing thermal hyperalgesia in rats in a dose-dependent fashion with a minimally effective dose of 0.1 mg/kg/day. It is noteworthy that multiple days of dosing of E2072 were required before analgesia was realized even though GCPII inhibitory exposures were achieved on the first day of dosing. In addition, analgesia was found to persist for up to 7 days after cessation of dosing, consistent with E2072's pharmacokinetic profile and sustained exposure. Furthermore, in a chronic oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy model (6 mg/kg i.p. oxaliplatin twice weekly for 4 weeks), female BALB/c mice receiving daily oral E2072 at 1.0 and 0.1 mg/kg displayed no deficits in either caudal or digital velocity compared with significant deficits observed in mice treated with oxaliplatin alone (12 ± 3 and 9 ± 2%, respectively). Similar findings were seen with oxaliplatin-induced digital and caudal amplitude deficits. It is noteworthy that E2072 showed no interference with the antineoplastic efficacy of oxaliplatin in mice bearing leukemia (L1210), even at doses 100 times its neuroprotective/analgesic dose, indicating a selective effect on neuropathy. These data support the therapeutic utility of GCPII inhibitors in neuropathy and neuropathic pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)746-754
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume343
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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