The One Health Approach to Toxoplasmosis: Epidemiology, Control, and Prevention Strategies

A. Alonso Aguirre, Travis Longcore, Michelle Barbieri, Haydee Dabritz, Dolores Hill, Patrice N. Klein, Christopher Lepczyk, Emily L. Lilly, Rima McLeod, Judith Milcarsky, Caroline E. Murphy, Chunlei Su, Elizabeth VanWormer, Robert Yolken, Grant C. Sizemore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

One Health is a collaborative, interdisciplinary effort that seeks optimal health for people, animals, plants, and the environment. Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is an intracellular protozoan infection distributed worldwide, with a heteroxenous life cycle that practically affects all homeotherms and in which felines act as definitive reservoirs. Herein, we review the natural history of T. gondii, its transmission and impacts in humans, domestic animals, wildlife both terrestrial and aquatic, and ecosystems. The epidemiology, prevention, and control strategies are reviewed, with the objective of facilitating awareness of this disease and promoting transdisciplinary collaborations, integrative research, and capacity building among universities, government agencies, NGOs, policy makers, practicing physicians, veterinarians, and the general public.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-390
Number of pages13
JournalEcoHealth
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2019

Keywords

  • Integrative research
  • One Health
  • Toxoplasma gondii
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Transdisciplinarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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