The nutritional status and dietary pattern of Chinese adolescents, 1991 and 1993

Youfa Wang, B. Popkin, F. Zhai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To increase understanding about current dietary patterns and short-term relationships between economic change and adolescent nutrition in a lower-income country, using the 1991 and 1993 China Health and Nutrition Survey data. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Eight provinces in China that vary substantially in geography, economic development, public resources, and health indicators. Subjects: 2236 and 2018 adolescents aged 10-18 years who completed three 24-hour recalls in the 1991 and 1993 survey, respectively. Results: Chinese adolescents experienced an improvement of diet and nutritional status. The prevalence of stunting declined from 23% in 1991 to 19% in 1993. Under-nutrition was a problem of concern although the prevalence (12-13%) was relatively low. Over weight was emerging as a problem associated with young, high-income and urban adolescents, but the prevalence (4%) was quite low compared with developed countries. Chinese adolescents' energy and protein intakes were adequate compared with the American RDA. About 27% of the participants derived more than 30% of their dietary energy from fat and 16% of them derived over 10% of energy from saturated fat by 1993. Conclusion: Chinese adolescents have experienced an improvement in diet and nutritional status, but undernutrition is still an important nutrition problem, especially among young and poor groups. More attention should focus on the increase of dietary fat intake and obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)908-916
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume52
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nutritional Status
eating habits
nutritional status
Dietary Fats
malnutrition
adolescent nutrition
income
China
Growth Disorders
Diet
energy
geography
fat intake
Geography
economic development
protein intake
Economic Development
developed countries
cross-sectional studies
diet

Keywords

  • Adolescent nutrition
  • BMI
  • China
  • Dietary intake
  • Overweight
  • Stunting
  • Under-nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

The nutritional status and dietary pattern of Chinese adolescents, 1991 and 1993. / Wang, Youfa; Popkin, B.; Zhai, F.

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 52, No. 12, 1998, p. 908-916.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Youfa ; Popkin, B. ; Zhai, F. / The nutritional status and dietary pattern of Chinese adolescents, 1991 and 1993. In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1998 ; Vol. 52, No. 12. pp. 908-916.
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