The nuclear receptor seven up functions in adipocytes and oenocytes to control distinct steps of Drosophila oogenesis

Lesley N. Weaver, Daniela Drummond-Barbosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reproduction is intimately linked to the physiology of an organism. Nuclear receptors are widely expressed transcription factors that mediate the effects of many circulating molecules on physiology and reproduction. While multiple studies have focused on the roles of nuclear receptors intrinsically in the ovary, it remains largely unknown how the actions of nuclear receptors in peripheral tissues influence oogenesis. We identified the nuclear receptor encoded by svp as a novel regulator of oogenesis in adult Drosophila. Global somatic knockdown of svp reduces egg production by increasing GSC loss, death of early germline cysts, and degeneration of vitellogenic follicles. Tissue-specific knockdown experiments revealed that svp remotely controls these different steps of oogenesis through separate mechanisms involving distinct tissues. Specifically, adipocyte-specific svp knockdown impairs GSC maintenance and early germline cyst survival, whereas oenocyte-specific svp knockdown increases the death of vitellogenic follicles without any effects on GSCs or early cysts. These results illustrate that nuclear receptors can control reproduction through a variety of mechanisms involving peripheral tissues. The nuclear receptor Seven up is required in adipocytes and oenocytes to regulate distinct steps of oogenesis in adult Drosophila.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-189
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental biology
Volume456
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2019

Keywords

  • Adipocytes
  • Drosophila
  • Germline
  • Oenocytes
  • Oogenesis
  • Seven up

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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