The NHE3 juxtamembrane cytoplasmic domain directly binds ezrin: Dual role in NHE3 trafficking and mobility in the brush border

Boyoung Cha, Ming Tse, Chris Yun, Olga Kovbasnjuk, Sachin Mohan, Ann Hubbard, Monique Arpin, Mark Donowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Based on physiological studies, the epithelial brush-border (BB) Na +1/H+ antiporter3 (NHE3) seems to associate with the actin cytoskeleton both by binding to and independently of the PDZ domain containing proteins NHERF1 and NHERF2. We now show that NHE3 directly binds ezrin at a site in its C terminus between aa 475-589, which is separate from the PSD95/dlg/zonular occludens-1 (PDZ) interacting domain. This is an area predicted to be α-helical, with a positive aa cluster on one side (K516, R520, and R527). Point mutations of these positively charged aa reduced (NHE3 double mutant [R520F, R527F]) or abolished (NHE3 triple mutant [K516Q, R520F, R 527F]) ezrin binding. Functional consequences of these NHE3 point mutants included the following. 1) A marked decrease in surface amount with a greater decrease in NHE3 activity. 2) Decreased surface expression due to decreased rates of exocytosis and plasma membrane delivery of newly synthesized NHE3, with normal total expression levels and slightly reduced endocytosis rates. 3) A longer plasma membrane half-life of mutant NHE3 with normal total half-life. 4) Decreased BB mobile fraction of NHE3 double mutant. These results show that NHE3 binds ezrin directly as well as indirectly and suggest that the former is related to 1) the exocytic trafficking of and plasma membrane delivery of newly synthesized NHE3, which determines the amount of plasma membrane NHE3 and partially determines NHE3 activity, and 2) BB mobility of NHE3, which may increase its delivery from microvilli to the intervillus clefts, perhaps for NHE3-regulated endocytosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2661-2673
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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