The need for prophylactic antibiotics after female sterilization: Tetracycline in Bangladesh

Halida Akhter, Yasmin Hemayet Ahmed, Abu Jamil Faisel, Jahar Bikram Chowdhury, Saifuddin Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


All female sterilization patients in Bangladesh receive five-day courses of tetracyoline capsules every six hours as a postoperative prophylactic. A double-blind randomized study was conducted by the Bangladesh Fertility Research Programme (BFRP) to determine whether prophylactic antibiotics reduced infection after minilaparotomy, and to compare the prophylactic effectiveness of tetracycline and ampicillin. Women recruited from throughout Bangladesh (N = 1350) received five-day courses of 250 mg tetracycline, 250 mg ampicillin, or placebo. The infection rate was significantly lower with tetracycline than with placebo (6% vs 10% with placebo), but did not differ significantly between the ampicillin and placebo groups or between the tetracycline and ampicillin groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-308
Number of pages12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this