The natural history of egg allergy in an observational cohort

Scott H. Sicherer, Robert A. Wood, Brian P. Vickery, Stacie M. Jones, Andrew H. Liu, David M. Fleischer, Peter Dawson, Lloyd Mayer, A. Wesley Burks, Alexander Grishin, Donald Stablein, Hugh A. Sampson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background There are few studies on the natural history of egg allergy, and most are single-site and nonlongitudinal and have not identified early predictors of outcomes. Objective We sought to describe the natural course of egg allergy and to identify early prognostic markers. Methods Children age 3 to 15 months were enrolled in a multicenter observational study with either (1) a convincing history of an immediate allergic reaction to egg, milk, or both with a positive skin prick test (SPT) response to the trigger food and/or (2) moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis and a positive SPT response to egg or milk. Children enrolled with a clinical history of egg allergy were followed longitudinally, and resolution was established based on successful ingestion. Results The cohort with egg allergy consists of 213 children followed to a median age of 74 months. Egg allergy resolved in 105 (49.3%) children at a median age of 72 months. Factors that were most predictive of resolution included the following: initial reaction characteristics (isolated urticaria/angioedema vs other presentations), baseline egg-specific IgE level, egg SPT wheal size, atopic dermatitis severity, IgG4 level, and IL-4 response (all P <.05). Numerous additional baseline clinical and demographic factors and laboratory assessments were not associated with resolution. Multivariate analysis identified baseline egg-specific IgE levels and initial reaction characteristics as strongly associated with resolution; a calculator to estimate resolution probabilities using these variables was established. Conclusions In this cohort of infants with egg allergy, approximately one half had resolved over 74 months of follow-up. Baseline egg-specific IgE levels and initial reaction characteristics were important predictors of the likelihood of resolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)492-499.e8
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume133
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Egg allergy
  • IgE
  • food allergy
  • natural history

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Sicherer, S. H., Wood, R. A., Vickery, B. P., Jones, S. M., Liu, A. H., Fleischer, D. M., Dawson, P., Mayer, L., Burks, A. W., Grishin, A., Stablein, D., & Sampson, H. A. (2014). The natural history of egg allergy in an observational cohort. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 133(2), 492-499.e8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2013.12.1041