The national lung screening trial

Overview and study design

Constantine A. Gatsonis, Denise R. Aberle, Christine D. Berg, William C. Black, Timothy R. Church, Richard M. Fagerstrom, Barbara Galen, Ilana F. Gareen, Jonathan Goldin, John K. Gohagan, Bruce Hillman, Carl Jaffe, Barnett S. Kramer, David Lynch, Pamela M. Marcus, Mitchell Schnall, Daniel C. Sullivan, Dorothy Sullivan, Carl J. Zylak, Christopher Cagnon & 1319 others Dianna Cody, Glenn Fletcher, Michael J. Flynn, Philip F. Judy, Randell Kruger, Frederick J. Larke, Michael McNitt-Gray, Thomas Payne, J. Anthony Seibert, Xizeng Wu, Gerald Abbott, Judith K. Amorosa, Richard G. Barr, Phillip M. Boiselle, Caroline Chiles, Robert Clark, Lynn Coppage, Robert Falk, Elliot K Fishman, David Gemmel, Jonathan G. Goldin, Eric Goodman, Eric M. Hart, Todd Hazelton, Elizabeth Johnson, Ella Kazerooni, Barbara McComb, Geoffrey McLennan, Reginald F. Munden, James Ravenel, Michael Sullivan, Stephen J. Swensen, Drew A. Torigian, Kay H. Vydareny, John A. Worrell, Peter Balkin, Mona Fouad, Matthew T. Freedman, Kavita Garg, Edward P. Gelmann, David S. Gierada, William Hocking, Subbarao Inampudi, Claudine Isaacs, Paul Kvale, Howard Mann, William Manor, Hrudaya Nath, Douglas Reding, David L. Spizarny, Diane C. Strollo, John Waltz, Mei Hsiu Chen, Fenghai Duan, Grant Izmirilian, Paul Pinsky, Philip C. Prorok, Anthony B. Miller, Martin J. Edelman, William K. Evans, Robert S. Fontana, Mitchell Machtay, Kenneth W. Clark, Kathy L. Clingan, Melissa B. Ford, Guillermo Márquez, Steven M. Moore, Peter Ohan, Thomas J. Payne, Steven Peace, Jennifer L. Rosenbaum, Richard Barr, William Black, Drew Torigian, Kay Vydareny, John Worrell, Robert C. Young, David Alberts, David DeMets, Peter Greenwald, Paula Jacobs, Theresa C. McLoud, David P. Naidich, James Tatum, Edward A. Sausville, Wylie Burke, Gene Colice, Brenda Edwards, Scott Emerson, John Fletcher, Sylvan Green, Russell Harris, Jeffrey S. Klein, Edward L. Korn, Stephen B Baylin, Joe V. Selby, David W. Sturges, Bruce W. Turnbull, Thomas J. Watson, Stephen Baylin, Neil Caporaso, Philip Dennis, Steve Dubinett, Wilbur Franklin, William Grizzle, Fred Hirsch, Pierre Massion, Kathy McKeeta-Frobeck, John Minna, Edward Patz, Margaret Spitz, Christine B. Berg, Donald Corle, Ping Hu, Grant Izmirlian, Jennifer Gaegler, Susan Hoffman, Charles Jackson, Erin Lange, Evanthia Papadopoulos, Constantine Gatsonis, Iiana Gareen, Charles Apgar, Anna Boyle, Tom Caldwell, Nancy Fredericks, Deborah Harbison, Donna Hartfeil, Sharon Jones, Steve King, Irene Mahon, Rosa Medina, Cindy Masiejczyk, Peter Zamora, Hank Brastater, Vish Iyer, Jincy George, Dinakar Gopalakrishnan, Patricia Blair, Michael Bradley, Cheryl Crozier, Maria Oh, Nicole Spiese, Chris Steward, Mary Kelly-Truran, Tess Thompson, Erin Cunningham, Anthony Levering, Kathleen McMurtrie, Michael Nahill, Sharlene Snowden, Kesha Smith, Fraser Wilton, Timothy Welsh, Rex Welsh, Wendell Christie, Stephanie Clabo, Roberta Clune, Natalie Cunningham, Jamie Downs, Lindsey Dymond, Julianne Falcone, Shani Harris, Pamela Harvey, Jane Hill, Laura Hill, Donna Letizia, Kendrick Looney, Hugh McGinley, Angelee Mean, Marcella Moore, Ryan Norton, Valentina Ortico, Sophia Sabina, Robert Sole, Jo Ann Stetz, Arnold Ssali, John Stubblefield, Tina Taylor, Shovonna White, Bo Lu, Amanda Adams, Sarah Baum, Meridith Blevins, Patricia Fox, Vincent Girardi, Jeremy Gorelick, Edward Hunt, Quentin McMullen, Karthikeyan Meganathan, Regina Rendas-Baum, Jo Rean D Sicks, Bradley Snyder, Melanie Yeh, Maryann Duggan, Cheryl Souza, Jack Cahill, Brenda K. Brewer, Barbara O'Brien, Gillian Devereux, Melissa S. Fritz, Miriam Galbraith, Judith Harkins, Kristen J. Keating, Kirk Midkiff, Usha Singh, Thea Zimmerman, Nancy Payte, Helen Price, Clifford Caughman, Ramachandra Chanapatna, Mike Florzyk, Annabelle Lee, Alan Morgan, Jennifer Yang, L. Ellen Martinusen, June McSwain, Rhonda Rosario, Jagdish Singh, R. Adam DeBaugh, Sharan Campleman, Mary Mesnard, Lawrence Ragard, Terry Lewis, Lois M. Roberts, Vijayasri Narayanaswami, Vanessa Ralda, William Lake, Thomas Riley, Jonathan B. Clapp, Joe Austin, Brian Irons, Fang F. Xu, Gordon C. Jones, Michael Young, Andrew Goodman, Crissy Kibic, Patricia Sheridan, Nancy Kadish, Denise Moline, Rachel Phillips, Michele Adkinson, David Creed, Tammy DeCoste, Debbie Gembala, Sally Hurst, Elizabeth King, Joy Knowles, Pamela McBride, Patricia Pangburn, Judy Preston, Karen Stokes, Patricia Tesch, Susan Wenmoth, Linda Galocy, Deanna Mandley, Gail Orvis, Alphonso Dial, Letitia Clark, Lawrence Cohen, Joanne Gerber, Carlos Jamis-Dow, Erini Makariou, Ed Smith, Amy Garrett, Colleen McGuire, Sarah Neff, Tara Riley, Sara Cantrell, Glynis Marsh, Chrispina Wray, Baigalmaa Yondonsambuu, Ulander Giles, Morgan Ford, Venus Brown, Amy Lita Evangelista, Tiffanie Hammond, Jillian Nickel, Michael Brangan, Michele Lee, Cindy Lin, Elanor Adkins, George Armah, Christopher Blue, Venetia Cooke, Natalie Gray, Marianna Gustitis, Lakisha Hawkins, Grace Isaacs, Mimi Kim, Malcolm King, Kanya Kumbalasiri, Robin Laura, Kelly McDaniel, Alem Mulugeta, Leroy Riley, Shane Sorrell, William Thomas, Lisa Woodard, Christine Cole Johnson, Martin Tammemagi, David Spizarny, Carl Zylak, Michael Flynn, Gordon Jacob Sen, Steadman Sankey, Lonni Schultz, Kalin Albertsen, Karen Broski, Gena Kucera, Kathleen Poler, Cheryl Spoutz-Ryan, Dawn Thomas, Evangeline Griesemer, Bonnie Kwit, Patricia Fantuz, Beth McLellan, Dawn Simmons, Yasmeen Hafeez, Noel Maddy, La Tonja Davis, Rodkise Estell, Susanne Kozakowski, Jennifer Rowe, Merideth Stanley, Xiuli Zhang, Mary Ellen Frebes, Margaret Paquette, Mirjana Tecmire, Laura Young, Deborah Greene, Cynthia Hill, Kathleen Young, Karen Bellware, Kay Bohn, Nancy Caird, Helen Fink, Sandra Fiarman, Melissa Houston, Ann Jolly, Carissa Krzeczkowski, Cynthia Mack, Lakeshia Murray, Anna Nanovski, Debra Rempinski, Heather Tumberlinson, Debbie William, Eleace Eldridge-Smith, Vanessa Graves, Nora Szabo, John Crump, Randall Kruger, Robert Greenlee, Karen Lappe, Deb Multerer, Denise Kriescher, Amy Vieth, Sheila Wein, Dawn Fuehrer, Christine Gjertson, June Krebsbach, Craig Kuhlka, Karen Luttrop, Judy Netzer, Jean Wegner, Virginia Fischer, Kay Mathiesen-Viergutz, Karen Kofka, Nikki Jablonsky, Brooke Johnson, Terrie Kitchner, Lin Mueller, Amy Rueth, Shirley Wachholz, Kari Bohman, Marilyn Bruger, Kari Ranae Kramer, Katie Kuenhold, Camille Mueller, Cathy Mueller, Laura Multerer, Sue Zahradka, Janan Alkilidar, Nandita Bhattacharjee, Christopher Cangelosi, Robert Carlson, Alon Coppens, Margo Cousins, Barry Edelstein, Kristin Gerndt, Jeffrey Heffernon, Thomas Hinke, Mark Hinson, Lawrence Hutchins, Kristin Lieberman, Gerald Mulligan, Emmanuel Omoba, Todd Risa, John Sheflin, Tim Swan, John Warner, Alan Williams, Lance Yokochi, Roy Adaniya, Karen Glanz, James Navin, Vicki Shambaugh, Frank Tabrah, Bradley Willcox, Paulette Williams, Qimei He, Victoria Jenkins, Kathleen Bow, Jean Tsukamoto, Shirleen Hyun, Ed Brown, Howard Morrow, Kimberly Stryker, Helene Shiratori, Peggy Lau, Bonna Au, Wendy Francis, Liz Bolan, Jazman Brooke, Marilyn Calulot, Victoria Chun, Kathryn Rabanal, Joy Tani, Cheryl Lewis, June Morfit, Amy Brunst, Louisa Turner, Gladys Hino, Anne Chung, Constance Elbon-Copp, William Huynh, Myrle Johnson, Esther Nakano, Lilian Villaruz, Mona N. Fouad, William C. Bailey, Robert Garver, Dale Brawner, Ian Malcomb, Desiree Morgan, Patricia C. Sanders, Arthur Sandy, Martin Schwartz, Satinder Singh, Mark Dransfield, Darlene Higgins, Alisha Moore, Aras Acemgil, Tony Blake, Jing Lee, Sam Quattlebaum, Julie Schach, Tawny Martin, Rekha Khatri, Wahied Gendi, Beverly Powell, Carolyn Johnson, Julie Sears, Shari Jordan, Vicki Prayer, Carole Walker, Mel Johnson, Joanice Thompson, E. David Crawford, Paul Bunn, Eduard Gamito, Sheryl Ogden, Shannon Pretzel, Lauren Ramsay, Carol Vaughn, Cheri Whiton, Donna Sammons, Laura Springhetti, Sally Tenorio, Nichoie Cadez, Sydney Laster, Colin O'Donnell, Joe Hughes, Jennifer Garcia Livingston, Garry Morrison, Wendy Moss, Merri Mullennix, Marissa Peters, Hakan Sahin, Meredith Slear, Mike Burek, Carolyn Hill, Emily Jewitt, Ryan Pena, Eda Ordonez, Gina Sammons, Jhenny Hernandez, Alejandra Reyes, Analisa Somoza, Martin Oken, Beborah Bay, Kevin Edelman, Tammy Fox, Scott Gaerte, Karla Myra-Bloom, Michael Plunkett, Frederick Olson, Paul Rust, Lisa Schneider, Beverly Trombley, Thomas Vahey, Ann Bangerter, Terri David-Schlegel, Donna DesMarais, Sue Frederickson, Mindy Geisser, Natalya Portnov, Greg Silverman, Frank Stahan, Simone Vuong, Gavin Watt, Joe Woodside, Aaron Zirbes, Sophie Breer, Cheri Haselhuhn, Cathy Longden, Candace Mueller, Marianne Rice, Deb Warren, Susan Collins, Stephanie Levi, Janet Manual, Lea Matous, Phyllis Olsson, Sue Peterson, Christopher Rogers, Mary Lynn Steele, Patty Beckmann, Linda Jurjans, Shirley Terrian, Sally Fraki, Martha Fronheiser, Linda Heinrichs, Deb Kirby, Jackie Seivert, Carol Steinberg, Marge Watry, Karen Boyle, Andrew Burnside, Renae Kiffmeyer, Wendy Mosiman, Angie Bailey, Pamela Byrnes, Laura Stark, Mary Weston, Dawn Whistler, Jill Cordes, Deb Engelhard, Jackie Becker, Peggy Bradley, Jim Fisher, Heather McLaughlin, Ana Maria Mendez, Deanna Miller, Rosalie Ronan, Brad Siga, Joel L. Weissfeld, Mark B. Salerno, Jeffrey Schragin, Diane Strollo, Thomas E. Warfel, Patrick W. Wolfe, Dominick A. Antico, Matthew T. Bee, Donald F. Bittner, William T. Corey, Robert A. Hawkins, William T. Herbick, Mukesh F. Karwat, Kevin J. Leonard, Constantine N. Petrochko, Scott F. Pickering, Paul E. Smart, Phyllis J. Walters, Jane A. Zehner, Karen Augustine, Sue Misko, Monica Richel, Mary Alyce Riley, Linda Warren, Kathy McDonough, Beverly Rozanok, Juanita Helms, Peggy Olson, Steve Uttecht, Mike Wirth, Roni Atkins, Lisa Clement, Deb Gurtner, Laura Jones, Saundra S. Buys, Ralph Drosten, Kathleen Murray, Kenneth Nowers, Peter Jenkins, Dave Tripp, Gabe Herron, Eduard Van Stam, Julie Varner, Karen O'Toole, Cassie Olson, Derek Omori, Adriane Andersen, Neil Argyle, Jennifer Avrin, Jennifer Bacon, Mark Broschinsky, Chani Montalbo, Kimberly Nolan, Anne Randall, Karen Schleip, Scott J. Sheltra, Roger Tischner, Christopher Toyn, Kyle Turner, Brianne Whittaker, Eddy Wicklander, Jacob Wolf, Cherie Baiton, Briar Doi, Jeff Childs, Lisa Gren, Darcy Watson, Tony Jones, Bruce Neilson, Hector Ahumada, Hassan Bourija, Christine Brown, Barbara Ferris, Leanne Hadfield, Kylee Hansen, Jeffrey Koford, Sally Kopesec, Amy Lloyd, Mindy Lofthouse, Saeed Matinkhah, Virginia May, Shanna Nichols, Alesis Nieves, Misty Oviatt, Nicole Richardson, Angela Lee Rowley, Ellen Sandberg, Shauna Dave Scholl, Lyn Seguin, David Shea, Suzanne Smith, Patricia Ann Street, Mareie Walters, Ralph Weiben, Lynly Wilcox, Ray Zisumbo, Thomas M. Beck, John S. Waltz, Shane Ball, Todd B. Burt, Elaine N. Daniel, Quinn A. DeMordaunt, Michael T. Fisher, Michael A. Fuchs, Bruce E. Hubler, Chris J. Jennings, Richard H. Lane, Craig E. Leymaster, Loren C. Macey, Steven V. Marx, James R. Maxwell, Brent B. Nelson, Jeff Fairbanks, Bonita Wohlers, Jill Heinz, Kathy Berreth, Randy Marshall, Jerry Brekke, Kelly Jones, Amber Barrow, Douglas Bashford, Barry Clot, Troy Cook, Leslie Dobson, Andrea Hamilton-Foss, William Hanson, Jan E. Hyder, Cindy Lewis-Burke, Stacey Mitchell, Marlea Osterhout, Karen Patella, Phillip Peterson, Sandra Schornak-Curtis, Lisa Sirianni, Larry Stoller, Korinna Vigeant, Cheryl Whistle, Jeff Yates, Gerald Andriole, D. Claire Anderson, Sanjeev Bhalla, Andrew J. Bierhals, Jason Bronfman, Harvey S. Glazer, Fernando R. Gutierrez, Guillermo Geisse, Lawrence M. Kotner, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Kianoush Rezai, Stuart S. Sagel, Janice W. Semenkovich, Marilyn J. Siegel, Dallas Sorrel, Pamela K. Woodard, David Engelhart, Robin Haverman, Angela Campbell, Vivien Gardner, Danielle Gherardini, Lynn Hoese, Ruth Holdener, Louise Ledbetter, Patricia Nieters, Cynthia Reiners, Jeanine Wade, Mary Wiseman, Patricia Rueweler, Rochelle Williams, David Chi, Tim Budd, Janise Webb, Celia Stolin, Kathy Garrett, Elizabeth Fleming, Elaine Freesmeier, Jennifer Frye, Deborah Graham, Helen Kaemmerer, Jo Ann Nevilles, Kathy Taylor, James Blaine, Kenneth Clark, David Gierada, Paul Koppel, David Maffitt, Stephen Moore, Joan Molton, Stanley Phillips, Fred Prior, Mary Wolfsberger, Angela Cosas, Sooah Kim, Miyoung Kim, Yuting Liang, Thomas Pilgram, Amy Haas, Divine Hartwell, Dana Roeshe, Adelheid Lowery, Shelly Meese, Kate Naughton, Roberta Yoffie, Kirk Smith, Richard Schwartzstein, Pei Jan P Lin, Tim A. Parritt, Elisabeth A. Grady, Lisa Damon, Sharon Gard, Robin Griggs, Alexis Potemkin, Mary M. Pollock, Sara Mc Clellan, Melissa Laron, Tamara Owens, Philip Costello, Francine L. Jacobson, Andetta R. Hunsaker, Paul W. Spirn, Beatrice Trotman-Bickenson, Voula E. Christopoulos, Ivana K. Kazda, Regina C. MacDougall, Annmarie Walsh, Richard D. Nawfel, Robert Berger, Pearl Chan, Mark Delano, Jeffrey Geiger, Carl Krinopol, Ann D. McGinnis, Angela M. McLaughlin, Raymond Weatherby, Glenn Tung, Martha Maineiro, Lila Camara, Cindy Cobb, Susan Foley, Elizabeth Morrell, Diane Romano, Darlene Guillette, Wendy Smith, Joseph Aisner, Murray Backer, Mark Bramwitt, Victor De Caravalho, Robert Epstein, Peggy Joyce, John E. Langenfeld, Ann Reinert, Research Team, Kevin DeMarco, Stuart Lutzker, Rita Musanti, Steven Shiff, Tammy Wolfsohn, Colleen Hudak, Andrea Hugill, Marisol Furlong, Elayne Weslowsky, Sharon Carmen, Denise L. Foster, Kenneth Hansen, Bernadette Pennetta, Linda V. White, Robert Tokarz, Maryann Trotta, Ana Birofka, Claudia J. Kasales, Petra J. Lewis, John B. Weaver, Suzanne B. Lenz, Angelica C. Barrett, Raymond Dauphinais, Jennifer R. Heinz, Matthew K. Siemionko, Ami Lyn Taplin, Lisa Scott Wasson, Linda DeAlmeida, Sharon Longacre, Katherine Meagher, Carol M. Moser, John K. Lawlor, Casey O'Quinn, Nancy E. Krieger Black, Heather L. Bradley, Jill K. Bronson, Timothy Cosgrove, Mark K. Haron, Donna King, Pamela M. Mazuerk, Neil F. O'Donnell, Daniel J. Pluta, Terry J. Sackett, Ginette D. Turgeon, Henry Albano, Courtney Bell, Jerry Bergen, Gail Bizer, Nicole M. Carmichael, Crista Cimis, Stephanie Davis, Tony DeAngelis, Gail Fellows, Charlie Fenton, Joy Ferola, Nancy Gankiewicz, Dorothy Hastings, Chris Howell, Mary E. Johnson, Mary Krisk, Heather Lancor, Christie Leary, Maurice LeBlanc, Adam Leming, Mandie Leming, Dawn Mead, Michael Milacek, Jamie Mood, Heidi Nordstrom, Carolyn Palazzolo, Jeremy Pierce, Richard P. Remitz, Jessica Rider, Kathleen A. Robbins, Brenda Sleasman, Jason Spaulding, Cam Vashel, Amie Welch, Linda White, Mark Whitty, Angela M. Williams, Andrew Karellas, Leeta Grayson, Carlotta McCalister-Cross, Sherri Mesquita, Anne Nguyen, Laura N. Myers, Eric Deaton, Sharon Maxfield, Kevin Thomas, Pamela Allen, Denise Brooks, Carla Chadwell, Elizabeth Couch, Karen M Horton, Rubenia Flores, Melba Francis, Sarah Landes, Jacinta Mattingly, Margaret Oechsli, Bethany Pitino, Shawn Sams, Olga Soukhanova, Priscilla Bland, Sheron Bube, Tricia Hoffa, Becky McElsain, Demetria Johnson, Cathy Francow, Stephenie Johnson, Pam Senn, Karen M. Horton, Leo P. Lawler, Lynne Bradford, Gale Christensen, Janet Bishop, Laura Motley, Mahadevappa Mahesh, Robin Stewart, Carmen Guzman, Heather Bishop Blake, Holly Bradford, Jenna Bradford, James Burner, Jennifer Kasecamp, Jennifer Bishop Kaufmann, Daniel Kimball, Zipporah Lewis, Sheila Moesinger, Susan Walsh, Karen Taylor, Rex Yung, Mingying Zeng, Greg Gambill, Sarah Merrill, Mahadevappa Mahesh, Elizabeth A. Johnson, Howard I. Jolies, Ronald S. Kuzo, Richard L. Morin, Reza Abaya, Deborah Chewar, Patricia Shwarts, Susan Allen, Shalonda Manning, Mary Adams Zafar Awan, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla Lisa Beagle, Dcanna Cape, Tanya Zeiger, Laurie Amendolare, Noel Bahr, Minnetta Belyea, Tara Berg, Mia Burkhard, Lisa Cottrell, Katherine BeAngelis, Melanie Bvorak, L. Heather, Binnicker Gay, Kelly Hatton, Sharon Jacoby, Valene Kennedy, Kathleen Krach, Melissa Laughren, Cindy Lavergne, Marsha Lawrence, Jeannette Lynch, Amber McDonald, Felix Mestas, Julie Moody, Carrie O'Brien, Janice Pitts, Brenda Polding, Lindsay Richardson, Karen Robinson, Amy Warren, Holly Washburn, Erik Wilson, Luis Zagarra, Karen Mathews Batton, David Chellini, Kathleen DeWitt, Darlene R. Fleming, Christi Newton-Foster, Renee MacDonald, Jennifer Ott, Julie Peterson, Michele Sallas, Michael Teepe, Rachel Thomas, Kathy Torrence, Jodi Hildestad, Thomas E. Hartman, James R. Jett, Cynthia H. McCollough, Bavid E. Midthun, Boleyn R. Andrist, Nancy E. Hanson, Connie L. Sathre, Laura B. Schroeder, Jacqueline R. Sheeran, Lana C. Walters, Cynthia L. Andrist, Aaron O. Bungum, Cathy L. Bornhorst, Bawn M. Beno, Tami S. Krpata, Ann M. Lambrecht, Christine M. McKey, Belores K. Prudoehl, Helena R. Richter, Alan Brisendine, Tricia Adrales-Bentz, Krystal Arnold, Brad Benjamin, Andrew Bodd, John Keller, Tamara Saunders, Paola Spicker, Susan Shannon, Laura Bailey, Hanna Comer, Joy Espiritu, Stephanie Helwi, Brandy Mack-Pipkin, Melvin Tockman, Beth Evans, Nina Wadhwa, Natalie Baptiste, Courtney Eysmans, Naima Vera-Gonzalez, Lori Hamm, Veenu Harjani, Anna Sear, Susan Blackwell, Adys Fernandez, Edwin Williams, Kenneth A. Coleman, Jay Afiat, Lori Kirchoff, Rob Bowman, Chris Brothers, Barry Cohen, Nicole Fields, Richard Guzman, Celeste Monje, Winston Sterling, Loretta Thorpe, Kevin White, Buddy Williams, Erin Nekervis, Andrea Franco, Lena Glick, Marcello Grigolo, Yassminda Harts, Arthur Migo, Kelli P. Rockwell, Adam Stein, Ryan Weyls, Eric Berns, Michelle T. Biringer, Angela Del Pino, Peter Dubbs, Glenna M. Fehrmann, Alan Lee Goodwin, Loretta Granger, Julie Haglage, Jenny Hirschy, Mollie King, Jody Wietharn Kristopher, Nicole Matetic Mac, George Mahoney, Armen Markarian, Martha Ramirez, Michael Taylor, Kelli M. West, Michael A. Sullivan, Charles C. Matthews, Jerome Jones, Aura Cole, Pamela Dow, Jacqueline Fearon, Brent Fodera, Barbara Ginther, Rachel L. McCall, Shannon Williams, Serelda Young, Cristine Juul, Angele LaFleur, Katherine Lohmann, Lisa Pineda, Alison Schmidt, Shannon Wright, Sheila Greenup, Kelly McNulty, Stephanie Pawlak, Heather Porter, Teresa Lanning, Debra Loria, Albert Cook, Jo Ann Hall Sky, Anthony Boulos, Pritha Dalal, Ben Dickstein, Alice DuChateau, Catherine Engartner, Dianalyn M. Evans, James Evans, Kaylene Evans, Mary Gemmel, Sarah Hallsky, Phil Hoffman, Craig Hritz, Lorraine Kerchum, Mallory Kolich, Mark Kolich, Melody Kolich, Neha Kumar, Judith Lobaugh, Cheryl Love, Dayna Love, Melissa Love, Maria Marchese, Deana Nelson, Carrie Petkus, Marcella Petruzzi, Cristina Raver, Erin Schuler, Patricia Schuler, David Schultz, Robert Kobistek, Jacqueline Jackson, Johanna Ziegler, Jennifer Fleischer, Linda L. Welch, Marian Acerra, Beverly Brittain, Lisa Conklin, Cindy Cyphert, Brenda Delfosse, Leanne Franceshelli, Joan Fuller, Donna Garland, Peggy J. Gocala, Mauren Grunenwald, Diane Kowalik, Sharon L. Kurjan, Patricia Lavernick, Julie Maderitz, Renee Metz, Roberta Quinn, Marlene Semansky, Stacy Smith, Amy St.Claire, Pamela Taybus, Diana Wisler, Karen Zubena, Catherine Duda, Polly Kay, Patty Trapnell, Maria Vlachou, Brandon B. Bigby, Audrey Gallego, Gregg Hamm, Jill Spivak, Maisha Pollard, Eng Brown, Olivia Campa, Barbara Carter, Sonya Clark, Marvin Flores, Judy Ho, Tracy Lee, Barbara Lewis, Janie McMahon, Lea Momongan, Julie Ngo, Adele Perryman, Nicole Rivas, Christina Romo, Kanistha Sookpisal, Lily Stone, Barbara Voight, Carleaner Williams, Kellyn Adams, Phi Do, Kerry Engber, Leslie Henry, Michael Khalili, Sandy Morales, Chelsea O'Carroll, Jade Quijano, Shiva Borgheian, Roger Inatomi, Alfonso Lorenzo, Dinah Lorenzo, Glen Nyborg, Vinis Salazar, Michael Woo, Paige Beck, Paula Beerman, Jean Jacobsen, Kathleen Voight, Erich Allman, Sabrina Chen, Cristina Farkas, Isabelle Forter, Paul Marcus, Lonna Matthews, Roxana Phillips, Jessica Silva-Gietzen, Erica Sturgeon, Gina Varner, Brian Mullen, William Stanford, Eric Hoffman, Kim Sprenger, Andrea Chapman, Kaylene Crawford, Jacquie Marietta, Leslie Kmetty, Jackie Meier, Phyllis Pirotte, Laurie Rathmell, Melissa Hudson, Jered Sieren, Paul Cronin, Barry Gross, Aine Kelly, Smita Patel, Perry Pernicano, Lisa Holloway, Gwen Chalom, Eric Henricks, Jim Pool, Diane Shepherd, Deanna Zapolski, Mitch Goodsitt, Hope Hooks, Warren Gefter, D. Lynn Werner, Catherine E. Smith, Byung Kun Choi, Joon K. Lee, Christine Holland, Jacqueline Matuza, Hilary C. Nosker, William Russell, Scott Cupp, Michael O'Shea, Reginald Munden, Melissa Cates, Eric Sanchez, Michelle Aganon-Acheta, Michael Black, Dalphany Blalock, Cynthia Brown, Hattie Cromwell, Joel Dunnington, Jeremy Erasmus, Gregory Gladish, Sanjay Gupta, Michelle Wann Haynes, Thomas Hensley, Revathy B. Iyer, John Madewell, Tamim Malbari, Edith M. Marom, Rodolfo Morice, Sujaya Rao, Bradley Sabloff, Natalie F. Scully, Sangeeta Tekchandani, Mylene Truong, Danielle Wicks, William R. Geiser, Jerry L. Montague, Minesh Patel, Tonda Robinson, Edwin F. Donnelly, Elizabeth Thielke, Allie M. Bell, David R. Pickens, Walter Allen Bowman, Tina Herron, Dawn Shone, Brian Chin, Michael Chen, Lisa Harmon, Lisa Hinshaw, Carolyn Nelson, Donna Biracree, Denise Boyles, Anne Burrough, Amanda Davis, Elliott Drake, Eileen Frost, Ashley Long, Elaine Bowman, Susanna Dyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) is a randomized multicenter study comparing low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) with chest radiography in the screening of older current and former heavy smokers for early detection of lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Five-year survival rates approach 70% with surgical resection of stage IA disease; however, more than 75% of individuals have incurable locally advanced or metastatic disease, the latter having a 5-year survival of less than 5%. It is plausible that treatment should be more effective and the likelihood of death decreased if asymptomatic lung cancer is detected through screening early enough in its preclinical phase. For these reasons, there is intense interest and intuitive appeal in lung cancer screening with low-dose CT. The use of survival as the determinant of screening effectiveness is, however, confounded by the well-described biases of lead time, length, and overdiagnosis. Despite previous attempts, no test has been shown to reduce lung cancer mortality, an endpoint that circumvents screening biases and provides a definitive measure of benefit when assessed in a randomized controlled trial that enables comparison of mortality rates between screened individuals and a control group that does not undergo the screening intervention of interest. The NLST is such a trial. The rationale for and design of the NLST are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-253
Number of pages11
JournalRadiology
Volume258
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Lung Neoplasms
Lung
Early Detection of Cancer
Mortality
Spiral Computed Tomography
Radiography
Multicenter Studies
Thorax
Survival Rate
Randomized Controlled Trials
Tomography
Control Groups
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Gatsonis, C. A., Aberle, D. R., Berg, C. D., Black, W. C., Church, T. R., Fagerstrom, R. M., ... Dyer, S. (2011). The national lung screening trial: Overview and study design. Radiology, 258(1), 243-253. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.10091808

The national lung screening trial : Overview and study design. / Gatsonis, Constantine A.; Aberle, Denise R.; Berg, Christine D.; Black, William C.; Church, Timothy R.; Fagerstrom, Richard M.; Galen, Barbara; Gareen, Ilana F.; Goldin, Jonathan; Gohagan, John K.; Hillman, Bruce; Jaffe, Carl; Kramer, Barnett S.; Lynch, David; Marcus, Pamela M.; Schnall, Mitchell; Sullivan, Daniel C.; Sullivan, Dorothy; Zylak, Carl J.; Cagnon, Christopher; Cody, Dianna; Fletcher, Glenn; Flynn, Michael J.; Judy, Philip F.; Kruger, Randell; Larke, Frederick J.; McNitt-Gray, Michael; Payne, Thomas; Anthony Seibert, J.; Wu, Xizeng; Abbott, Gerald; Amorosa, Judith K.; Barr, Richard G.; Boiselle, Phillip M.; Chiles, Caroline; Clark, Robert; Coppage, Lynn; Falk, Robert; Fishman, Elliot K; Gemmel, David; Goldin, Jonathan G.; Goodman, Eric; Hart, Eric M.; Hazelton, Todd; Johnson, Elizabeth; Kazerooni, Ella; McComb, Barbara; McLennan, Geoffrey; Munden, Reginald F.; Ravenel, James; Sullivan, Michael; Swensen, Stephen J.; Torigian, Drew A.; Vydareny, Kay H.; Worrell, John A.; Balkin, Peter; Fouad, Mona; Freedman, Matthew T.; Garg, Kavita; Gelmann, Edward P.; Gierada, David S.; Hocking, William; Inampudi, Subbarao; Isaacs, Claudine; Kvale, Paul; Mann, Howard; Manor, William; Nath, Hrudaya; Reding, Douglas; Spizarny, David L.; Strollo, Diane C.; Waltz, John; Chen, Mei Hsiu; Duan, Fenghai; Izmirilian, Grant; Pinsky, Paul; Prorok, Philip C.; Miller, Anthony B.; Edelman, Martin J.; Evans, William K.; Fontana, Robert S.; Machtay, Mitchell; Clark, Kenneth W.; Clingan, Kathy L.; Ford, Melissa B.; Márquez, Guillermo; Moore, Steven M.; Ohan, Peter; Payne, Thomas J.; Peace, Steven; Rosenbaum, Jennifer L.; Barr, Richard; Black, William; Torigian, Drew; Vydareny, Kay; Worrell, John; Young, Robert C.; Alberts, David; DeMets, David; Greenwald, Peter; Jacobs, Paula; McLoud, Theresa C.; Naidich, David P.; Tatum, James; Sausville, Edward A.; Burke, Wylie; Colice, Gene; Edwards, Brenda; Emerson, Scott; Fletcher, John; Green, Sylvan; Harris, Russell; Klein, Jeffrey S.; Korn, Edward L.; Baylin, Stephen B; Selby, Joe V.; Sturges, David W.; Turnbull, Bruce W.; Watson, Thomas J.; Baylin, Stephen; Caporaso, Neil; Dennis, Philip; Dubinett, Steve; Franklin, Wilbur; Grizzle, William; Hirsch, Fred; Massion, Pierre; McKeeta-Frobeck, Kathy; Minna, John; Patz, Edward; Spitz, Margaret; Berg, Christine B.; Corle, Donald; Hu, Ping; Izmirlian, Grant; Gaegler, Jennifer; Hoffman, Susan; Jackson, Charles; Lange, Erin; Papadopoulos, Evanthia; Gatsonis, Constantine; Gareen, Iiana; Apgar, Charles; Boyle, Anna; Caldwell, Tom; Fredericks, Nancy; Harbison, Deborah; Hartfeil, Donna; Jones, Sharon; King, Steve; Mahon, Irene; Medina, Rosa; Masiejczyk, Cindy; Zamora, Peter; Brastater, Hank; Iyer, Vish; George, Jincy; Gopalakrishnan, Dinakar; Blair, Patricia; Bradley, Michael; Crozier, Cheryl; Oh, Maria; Spiese, Nicole; Steward, Chris; Kelly-Truran, Mary; Thompson, Tess; Cunningham, Erin; Levering, Anthony; McMurtrie, Kathleen; Nahill, Michael; Snowden, Sharlene; Smith, Kesha; Wilton, Fraser; Welsh, Timothy; Welsh, Rex; Christie, Wendell; Clabo, Stephanie; Clune, Roberta; Cunningham, Natalie; Downs, Jamie; Dymond, Lindsey; Falcone, Julianne; Harris, Shani; Harvey, Pamela; Hill, Jane; Hill, Laura; Letizia, Donna; Looney, Kendrick; McGinley, Hugh; Mean, Angelee; Moore, Marcella; Norton, Ryan; Ortico, Valentina; Sabina, Sophia; Sole, Robert; Stetz, Jo Ann; Ssali, Arnold; Stubblefield, John; Taylor, Tina; White, Shovonna; Lu, Bo; Adams, Amanda; Baum, Sarah; Blevins, Meridith; Fox, Patricia; Girardi, Vincent; Gorelick, Jeremy; Hunt, Edward; McMullen, Quentin; Meganathan, Karthikeyan; Rendas-Baum, Regina; Sicks, Jo Rean D; Snyder, Bradley; Yeh, Melanie; Duggan, Maryann; Souza, Cheryl; Cahill, Jack; Brewer, Brenda K.; O'Brien, Barbara; Devereux, Gillian; Fritz, Melissa S.; Galbraith, Miriam; Harkins, Judith; Keating, Kristen J.; Midkiff, Kirk; Singh, Usha; Zimmerman, Thea; Payte, Nancy; Price, Helen; Caughman, Clifford; Chanapatna, Ramachandra; Florzyk, Mike; Lee, Annabelle; Morgan, Alan; Yang, Jennifer; Ellen Martinusen, L.; McSwain, June; Rosario, Rhonda; Singh, Jagdish; DeBaugh, R. Adam; Campleman, Sharan; Mesnard, Mary; Ragard, Lawrence; Lewis, Terry; Roberts, Lois M.; Narayanaswami, Vijayasri; Ralda, Vanessa; Lake, William; Riley, Thomas; Clapp, Jonathan B.; Austin, Joe; Irons, Brian; Xu, Fang F.; Jones, Gordon C.; Young, Michael; Goodman, Andrew; Kibic, Crissy; Sheridan, Patricia; Kadish, Nancy; Moline, Denise; Phillips, Rachel; Adkinson, Michele; Creed, David; DeCoste, Tammy; Gembala, Debbie; Hurst, Sally; King, Elizabeth; Knowles, Joy; McBride, Pamela; Pangburn, Patricia; Preston, Judy; Stokes, Karen; Tesch, Patricia; Wenmoth, Susan; Galocy, Linda; Mandley, Deanna; Orvis, Gail; Dial, Alphonso; Clark, Letitia; Cohen, Lawrence; Gerber, Joanne; Jamis-Dow, Carlos; Makariou, Erini; Smith, Ed; Garrett, Amy; McGuire, Colleen; Neff, Sarah; Riley, Tara; Cantrell, Sara; Marsh, Glynis; Wray, Chrispina; Yondonsambuu, Baigalmaa; Giles, Ulander; Ford, Morgan; Brown, Venus; Evangelista, Amy Lita; Hammond, Tiffanie; Nickel, Jillian; Brangan, Michael; Lee, Michele; Lin, Cindy; Adkins, Elanor; Armah, George; Blue, Christopher; Cooke, Venetia; Gray, Natalie; Gustitis, Marianna; Hawkins, Lakisha; Isaacs, Grace; Kim, Mimi; King, Malcolm; Kumbalasiri, Kanya; Laura, Robin; McDaniel, Kelly; Mulugeta, Alem; Riley, Leroy; Sorrell, Shane; Thomas, William; Woodard, Lisa; Johnson, Christine Cole; Tammemagi, Martin; Spizarny, David; Zylak, Carl; Flynn, Michael; Sen, Gordon Jacob; Sankey, Steadman; Schultz, Lonni; Albertsen, Kalin; Broski, Karen; Kucera, Gena; Poler, Kathleen; Spoutz-Ryan, Cheryl; Thomas, Dawn; Griesemer, Evangeline; Kwit, Bonnie; Fantuz, Patricia; McLellan, Beth; Simmons, Dawn; Hafeez, Yasmeen; Maddy, Noel; Davis, La Tonja; Estell, Rodkise; Kozakowski, Susanne; Rowe, Jennifer; Stanley, Merideth; Zhang, Xiuli; Frebes, Mary Ellen; Paquette, Margaret; Tecmire, Mirjana; Young, Laura; Greene, Deborah; Hill, Cynthia; Young, Kathleen; Bellware, Karen; Bohn, Kay; Caird, Nancy; Fink, Helen; Fiarman, Sandra; Houston, Melissa; Jolly, Ann; Krzeczkowski, Carissa; Mack, Cynthia; Murray, Lakeshia; Nanovski, Anna; Rempinski, Debra; Tumberlinson, Heather; William, Debbie; Eldridge-Smith, Eleace; Graves, Vanessa; Szabo, Nora; Crump, John; Kruger, Randall; Greenlee, Robert; Lappe, Karen; Multerer, Deb; Kriescher, Denise; Vieth, Amy; Wein, Sheila; Fuehrer, Dawn; Gjertson, Christine; Krebsbach, June; Kuhlka, Craig; Luttrop, Karen; Netzer, Judy; Wegner, Jean; Fischer, Virginia; Mathiesen-Viergutz, Kay; Kofka, Karen; Jablonsky, Nikki; Johnson, Brooke; Kitchner, Terrie; Mueller, Lin; Rueth, Amy; Wachholz, Shirley; Bohman, Kari; Bruger, Marilyn; Kramer, Kari Ranae; Kuenhold, Katie; Mueller, Camille; Mueller, Cathy; Multerer, Laura; Zahradka, Sue; Alkilidar, Janan; Bhattacharjee, Nandita; Cangelosi, Christopher; Carlson, Robert; Coppens, Alon; Cousins, Margo; Edelstein, Barry; Gerndt, Kristin; Heffernon, Jeffrey; Hinke, Thomas; Hinson, Mark; Hutchins, Lawrence; Lieberman, Kristin; Mulligan, Gerald; Omoba, Emmanuel; Risa, Todd; Sheflin, John; Swan, Tim; Warner, John; Williams, Alan; Yokochi, Lance; Adaniya, Roy; Glanz, Karen; Navin, James; Shambaugh, Vicki; Tabrah, Frank; Willcox, Bradley; Williams, Paulette; He, Qimei; Jenkins, Victoria; Bow, Kathleen; Tsukamoto, Jean; Hyun, Shirleen; Brown, Ed; Morrow, Howard; Stryker, Kimberly; Shiratori, Helene; Lau, Peggy; Au, Bonna; Francis, Wendy; Bolan, Liz; Brooke, Jazman; Calulot, Marilyn; Chun, Victoria; Rabanal, Kathryn; Tani, Joy; Lewis, Cheryl; Morfit, June; Brunst, Amy; Turner, Louisa; Hino, Gladys; Chung, Anne; Elbon-Copp, Constance; Huynh, William; Johnson, Myrle; Nakano, Esther; Villaruz, Lilian; Fouad, Mona N.; Bailey, William C.; Garver, Robert; Brawner, Dale; Malcomb, Ian; Morgan, Desiree; Sanders, Patricia C.; Sandy, Arthur; Schwartz, Martin; Singh, Satinder; Dransfield, Mark; Higgins, Darlene; Moore, Alisha; Acemgil, Aras; Blake, Tony; Lee, Jing; Quattlebaum, Sam; Schach, Julie; Martin, Tawny; Khatri, Rekha; Gendi, Wahied; Powell, Beverly; Johnson, Carolyn; Sears, Julie; Jordan, Shari; Prayer, Vicki; Walker, Carole; Johnson, Mel; Thompson, Joanice; David Crawford, E.; Bunn, Paul; Gamito, Eduard; Ogden, Sheryl; Pretzel, Shannon; Ramsay, Lauren; Vaughn, Carol; Whiton, Cheri; Sammons, Donna; Springhetti, Laura; Tenorio, Sally; Cadez, Nichoie; Laster, Sydney; O'Donnell, Colin; Hughes, Joe; Livingston, Jennifer Garcia; Morrison, Garry; Moss, Wendy; Mullennix, Merri; Peters, Marissa; Sahin, Hakan; Slear, Meredith; Burek, Mike; Hill, Carolyn; Jewitt, Emily; Pena, Ryan; Ordonez, Eda; Sammons, Gina; Hernandez, Jhenny; Reyes, Alejandra; Somoza, Analisa; Oken, Martin; Bay, Beborah; Edelman, Kevin; Fox, Tammy; Gaerte, Scott; Myra-Bloom, Karla; Plunkett, Michael; Olson, Frederick; Rust, Paul; Schneider, Lisa; Trombley, Beverly; Vahey, Thomas; Bangerter, Ann; David-Schlegel, Terri; DesMarais, Donna; Frederickson, Sue; Geisser, Mindy; Portnov, Natalya; Silverman, Greg; Stahan, Frank; Vuong, Simone; Watt, Gavin; Woodside, Joe; Zirbes, Aaron; Breer, Sophie; Haselhuhn, Cheri; Longden, Cathy; Mueller, Candace; Rice, Marianne; Warren, Deb; Collins, Susan; Levi, Stephanie; Manual, Janet; Matous, Lea; Olsson, Phyllis; Peterson, Sue; Rogers, Christopher; Steele, Mary Lynn; Beckmann, Patty; Jurjans, Linda; Terrian, Shirley; Fraki, Sally; Fronheiser, Martha; Heinrichs, Linda; Kirby, Deb; Seivert, Jackie; Steinberg, Carol; Watry, Marge; Boyle, Karen; Burnside, Andrew; Kiffmeyer, Renae; Mosiman, Wendy; Bailey, Angie; Byrnes, Pamela; Stark, Laura; Weston, Mary; Whistler, Dawn; Cordes, Jill; Engelhard, Deb; Becker, Jackie; Bradley, Peggy; Fisher, Jim; McLaughlin, Heather; Mendez, Ana Maria; Miller, Deanna; Ronan, Rosalie; Siga, Brad; Weissfeld, Joel L.; Salerno, Mark B.; Schragin, Jeffrey; Strollo, Diane; Warfel, Thomas E.; Wolfe, Patrick W.; Antico, Dominick A.; Bee, Matthew T.; Bittner, Donald F.; Corey, William T.; Hawkins, Robert A.; Herbick, William T.; Karwat, Mukesh F.; Leonard, Kevin J.; Petrochko, Constantine N.; Pickering, Scott F.; Smart, Paul E.; Walters, Phyllis J.; Zehner, Jane A.; Augustine, Karen; Misko, Sue; Richel, Monica; Riley, Mary Alyce; Warren, Linda; McDonough, Kathy; Rozanok, Beverly; Helms, Juanita; Olson, Peggy; Uttecht, Steve; Wirth, Mike; Atkins, Roni; Clement, Lisa; Gurtner, Deb; Jones, Laura; Buys, Saundra S.; Drosten, Ralph; Murray, Kathleen; Nowers, Kenneth; Jenkins, Peter; Tripp, Dave; Herron, Gabe; Van Stam, Eduard; Varner, Julie; O'Toole, Karen; Olson, Cassie; Omori, Derek; Andersen, Adriane; Argyle, Neil; Avrin, Jennifer; Bacon, Jennifer; Broschinsky, Mark; Montalbo, Chani; Nolan, Kimberly; Randall, Anne; Schleip, Karen; Sheltra, Scott J.; Tischner, Roger; Toyn, Christopher; Turner, Kyle; Whittaker, Brianne; Wicklander, Eddy; Wolf, Jacob; Baiton, Cherie; Doi, Briar; Childs, Jeff; Gren, Lisa; Watson, Darcy; Jones, Tony; Neilson, Bruce; Ahumada, Hector; Bourija, Hassan; Brown, Christine; Ferris, Barbara; Hadfield, Leanne; Hansen, Kylee; Koford, Jeffrey; Kopesec, Sally; Lloyd, Amy; Lofthouse, Mindy; Matinkhah, Saeed; May, Virginia; Nichols, Shanna; Nieves, Alesis; Oviatt, Misty; Richardson, Nicole; Rowley, Angela Lee; Sandberg, Ellen; Dave Scholl, Shauna; Seguin, Lyn; Shea, David; Smith, Suzanne; Street, Patricia Ann; Walters, Mareie; Weiben, Ralph; Wilcox, Lynly; Zisumbo, Ray; Beck, Thomas M.; Waltz, John S.; Ball, Shane; Burt, Todd B.; Daniel, Elaine N.; DeMordaunt, Quinn A.; Fisher, Michael T.; Fuchs, Michael A.; Hubler, Bruce E.; Jennings, Chris J.; Lane, Richard H.; Leymaster, Craig E.; Macey, Loren C.; Marx, Steven V.; Maxwell, James R.; Nelson, Brent B.; Fairbanks, Jeff; Wohlers, Bonita; Heinz, Jill; Berreth, Kathy; Marshall, Randy; Brekke, Jerry; Jones, Kelly; Barrow, Amber; Bashford, Douglas; Clot, Barry; Cook, Troy; Dobson, Leslie; Hamilton-Foss, Andrea; Hanson, William; Hyder, Jan E.; Lewis-Burke, Cindy; Mitchell, Stacey; Osterhout, Marlea; Patella, Karen; Peterson, Phillip; Schornak-Curtis, Sandra; Sirianni, Lisa; Stoller, Larry; Vigeant, Korinna; Whistle, Cheryl; Yates, Jeff; Andriole, Gerald; Claire Anderson, D.; Bhalla, Sanjeev; Bierhals, Andrew J.; Bronfman, Jason; Glazer, Harvey S.; Gutierrez, Fernando R.; Geisse, Guillermo; Kotner, Lawrence M.; Javidan-Nejad, Cylen; Rezai, Kianoush; Sagel, Stuart S.; Semenkovich, Janice W.; Siegel, Marilyn J.; Sorrel, Dallas; Woodard, Pamela K.; Engelhart, David; Haverman, Robin; Campbell, Angela; Gardner, Vivien; Gherardini, Danielle; Hoese, Lynn; Holdener, Ruth; Ledbetter, Louise; Nieters, Patricia; Reiners, Cynthia; Wade, Jeanine; Wiseman, Mary; Rueweler, Patricia; Williams, Rochelle; Chi, David; Budd, Tim; Webb, Janise; Stolin, Celia; Garrett, Kathy; Fleming, Elizabeth; Freesmeier, Elaine; Frye, Jennifer; Graham, Deborah; Kaemmerer, Helen; Nevilles, Jo Ann; Taylor, Kathy; Blaine, James; Clark, Kenneth; Gierada, David; Koppel, Paul; Maffitt, David; Moore, Stephen; Molton, Joan; Phillips, Stanley; Prior, Fred; Wolfsberger, Mary; Cosas, Angela; Kim, Sooah; Kim, Miyoung; Liang, Yuting; Pilgram, Thomas; Haas, Amy; Hartwell, Divine; Roeshe, Dana; Lowery, Adelheid; Meese, Shelly; Naughton, Kate; Yoffie, Roberta; Smith, Kirk; Schwartzstein, Richard; Lin, Pei Jan P; Parritt, Tim A.; Grady, Elisabeth A.; Damon, Lisa; Gard, Sharon; Griggs, Robin; Potemkin, Alexis; Pollock, Mary M.; Clellan, Sara Mc; Laron, Melissa; Owens, Tamara; Costello, Philip; Jacobson, Francine L.; Hunsaker, Andetta R.; Spirn, Paul W.; Trotman-Bickenson, Beatrice; Christopoulos, Voula E.; Kazda, Ivana K.; MacDougall, Regina C.; Walsh, Annmarie; Nawfel, Richard D.; Berger, Robert; Chan, Pearl; Delano, Mark; Geiger, Jeffrey; Krinopol, Carl; McGinnis, Ann D.; McLaughlin, Angela M.; Weatherby, Raymond; Tung, Glenn; Maineiro, Martha; Camara, Lila; Cobb, Cindy; Foley, Susan; Morrell, Elizabeth; Romano, Diane; Guillette, Darlene; Smith, Wendy; Aisner, Joseph; Backer, Murray; Bramwitt, Mark; De Caravalho, Victor; Epstein, Robert; Joyce, Peggy; Langenfeld, John E.; Reinert, Ann; Team, Research; DeMarco, Kevin; Lutzker, Stuart; Musanti, Rita; Shiff, Steven; Wolfsohn, Tammy; Hudak, Colleen; Hugill, Andrea; Furlong, Marisol; Weslowsky, Elayne; Carmen, Sharon; Foster, Denise L.; Hansen, Kenneth; Pennetta, Bernadette; White, Linda V.; Tokarz, Robert; Trotta, Maryann; Birofka, Ana; Kasales, Claudia J.; Lewis, Petra J.; Weaver, John B.; Lenz, Suzanne B.; Barrett, Angelica C.; Dauphinais, Raymond; Heinz, Jennifer R.; Siemionko, Matthew K.; Taplin, Ami Lyn; Wasson, Lisa Scott; DeAlmeida, Linda; Longacre, Sharon; Meagher, Katherine; Moser, Carol M.; Lawlor, John K.; O'Quinn, Casey; Krieger Black, Nancy E.; Bradley, Heather L.; Bronson, Jill K.; Cosgrove, Timothy; Haron, Mark K.; King, Donna; Mazuerk, Pamela M.; O'Donnell, Neil F.; Pluta, Daniel J.; Sackett, Terry J.; Turgeon, Ginette D.; Albano, Henry; Bell, Courtney; Bergen, Jerry; Bizer, Gail; Carmichael, Nicole M.; Cimis, Crista; Davis, Stephanie; DeAngelis, Tony; Fellows, Gail; Fenton, Charlie; Ferola, Joy; Gankiewicz, Nancy; Hastings, Dorothy; Howell, Chris; Johnson, Mary E.; Krisk, Mary; Lancor, Heather; Leary, Christie; LeBlanc, Maurice; Leming, Adam; Leming, Mandie; Mead, Dawn; Milacek, Michael; Mood, Jamie; Nordstrom, Heidi; Palazzolo, Carolyn; Pierce, Jeremy; Remitz, Richard P.; Rider, Jessica; Robbins, Kathleen A.; Sleasman, Brenda; Spaulding, Jason; Vashel, Cam; Welch, Amie; White, Linda; Whitty, Mark; Williams, Angela M.; Karellas, Andrew; Grayson, Leeta; McCalister-Cross, Carlotta; Mesquita, Sherri; Nguyen, Anne; Myers, Laura N.; Deaton, Eric; Maxfield, Sharon; Thomas, Kevin; Allen, Pamela; Brooks, Denise; Chadwell, Carla; Couch, Elizabeth; Horton, Karen M; Flores, Rubenia; Francis, Melba; Landes, Sarah; Mattingly, Jacinta; Oechsli, Margaret; Pitino, Bethany; Sams, Shawn; Soukhanova, Olga; Bland, Priscilla; Bube, Sheron; Hoffa, Tricia; McElsain, Becky; Johnson, Demetria; Francow, Cathy; Johnson, Stephenie; Senn, Pam; Horton, Karen M.; Lawler, Leo P.; Bradford, Lynne; Christensen, Gale; Bishop, Janet; Motley, Laura; Mahesh, Mahadevappa; Stewart, Robin; Guzman, Carmen; Blake, Heather Bishop; Bradford, Holly; Bradford, Jenna; Burner, James; Kasecamp, Jennifer; Kaufmann, Jennifer Bishop; Kimball, Daniel; Lewis, Zipporah; Moesinger, Sheila; Walsh, Susan; Taylor, Karen; Yung, Rex; Zeng, Mingying; Gambill, Greg; Merrill, Sarah; Mahesh, Mahadevappa; Johnson, Elizabeth A.; Jolies, Howard I.; Kuzo, Ronald S.; Morin, Richard L.; Abaya, Reza; Chewar, Deborah; Shwarts, Patricia; Allen, Susan; Manning, Shalonda; Awan, Mary Adams Zafar; Clinic, Mayo; Jacksonville; Beagle, Fla Lisa; Cape, Dcanna; Zeiger, Tanya; Amendolare, Laurie; Bahr, Noel; Belyea, Minnetta; Berg, Tara; Burkhard, Mia; Cottrell, Lisa; BeAngelis, Katherine; Bvorak, Melanie; Heather, L.; Gay, Binnicker; Hatton, Kelly; Jacoby, Sharon; Kennedy, Valene; Krach, Kathleen; Laughren, Melissa; Lavergne, Cindy; Lawrence, Marsha; Lynch, Jeannette; McDonald, Amber; Mestas, Felix; Moody, Julie; O'Brien, Carrie; Pitts, Janice; Polding, Brenda; Richardson, Lindsay; Robinson, Karen; Warren, Amy; Washburn, Holly; Wilson, Erik; Zagarra, Luis; Batton, Karen Mathews; Chellini, David; DeWitt, Kathleen; Fleming, Darlene R.; Newton-Foster, Christi; MacDonald, Renee; Ott, Jennifer; Peterson, Julie; Sallas, Michele; Teepe, Michael; Thomas, Rachel; Torrence, Kathy; Hildestad, Jodi; Hartman, Thomas E.; Jett, James R.; McCollough, Cynthia H.; Midthun, Bavid E.; Andrist, Boleyn R.; Hanson, Nancy E.; Sathre, Connie L.; Schroeder, Laura B.; Sheeran, Jacqueline R.; Walters, Lana C.; Andrist, Cynthia L.; Bungum, Aaron O.; Bornhorst, Cathy L.; Beno, Bawn M.; Krpata, Tami S.; Lambrecht, Ann M.; McKey, Christine M.; Prudoehl, Belores K.; Richter, Helena R.; Brisendine, Alan; Adrales-Bentz, Tricia; Arnold, Krystal; Benjamin, Brad; Bodd, Andrew; Keller, John; Saunders, Tamara; Spicker, Paola; Shannon, Susan; Bailey, Laura; Comer, Hanna; Espiritu, Joy; Helwi, Stephanie; Mack-Pipkin, Brandy; Tockman, Melvin; Evans, Beth; Wadhwa, Nina; Baptiste, Natalie; Eysmans, Courtney; Vera-Gonzalez, Naima; Hamm, Lori; Harjani, Veenu; Sear, Anna; Blackwell, Susan; Fernandez, Adys; Williams, Edwin; Coleman, Kenneth A.; Afiat, Jay; Kirchoff, Lori; Bowman, Rob; Brothers, Chris; Cohen, Barry; Fields, Nicole; Guzman, Richard; Monje, Celeste; Sterling, Winston; Thorpe, Loretta; White, Kevin; Williams, Buddy; Nekervis, Erin; Franco, Andrea; Glick, Lena; Grigolo, Marcello; Harts, Yassminda; Migo, Arthur; Rockwell, Kelli P.; Stein, Adam; Weyls, Ryan; Berns, Eric; Biringer, Michelle T.; Pino, Angela Del; Dubbs, Peter; Fehrmann, Glenna M.; Goodwin, Alan Lee; Granger, Loretta; Haglage, Julie; Hirschy, Jenny; King, Mollie; Kristopher, Jody Wietharn; Mac, Nicole Matetic; Mahoney, George; Markarian, Armen; Ramirez, Martha; Taylor, Michael; West, Kelli M.; Sullivan, Michael A.; Matthews, Charles C.; Jones, Jerome; Cole, Aura; Dow, Pamela; Fearon, Jacqueline; Fodera, Brent; Ginther, Barbara; McCall, Rachel L.; Williams, Shannon; Young, Serelda; Juul, Cristine; LaFleur, Angele; Lohmann, Katherine; Pineda, Lisa; Schmidt, Alison; Wright, Shannon; Greenup, Sheila; McNulty, Kelly; Pawlak, Stephanie; Porter, Heather; Lanning, Teresa; Loria, Debra; Cook, Albert; Sky, Jo Ann Hall; Boulos, Anthony; Dalal, Pritha; Dickstein, Ben; DuChateau, Alice; Engartner, Catherine; Evans, Dianalyn M.; Evans, James; Evans, Kaylene; Gemmel, Mary; Hallsky, Sarah; Hoffman, Phil; Hritz, Craig; Kerchum, Lorraine; Kolich, Mallory; Kolich, Mark; Kolich, Melody; Kumar, Neha; Lobaugh, Judith; Love, Cheryl; Love, Dayna; Love, Melissa; Marchese, Maria; Nelson, Deana; Petkus, Carrie; Petruzzi, Marcella; Raver, Cristina; Schuler, Erin; Schuler, Patricia; Schultz, David; Kobistek, Robert; Jackson, Jacqueline; Ziegler, Johanna; Fleischer, Jennifer; Welch, Linda L.; Acerra, Marian; Brittain, Beverly; Conklin, Lisa; Cyphert, Cindy; Delfosse, Brenda; Franceshelli, Leanne; Fuller, Joan; Garland, Donna; Gocala, Peggy J.; Grunenwald, Mauren; Kowalik, Diane; Kurjan, Sharon L.; Lavernick, Patricia; Maderitz, Julie; Metz, Renee; Quinn, Roberta; Semansky, Marlene; Smith, Stacy; St.Claire, Amy; Taybus, Pamela; Wisler, Diana; Zubena, Karen; Duda, Catherine; Kay, Polly; Trapnell, Patty; Vlachou, Maria; Bigby, Brandon B.; Gallego, Audrey; Hamm, Gregg; Spivak, Jill; Pollard, Maisha; Brown, Eng; Campa, Olivia; Carter, Barbara; Clark, Sonya; Flores, Marvin; Ho, Judy; Lee, Tracy; Lewis, Barbara; McMahon, Janie; Momongan, Lea; Ngo, Julie; Perryman, Adele; Rivas, Nicole; Romo, Christina; Sookpisal, Kanistha; Stone, Lily; Voight, Barbara; Williams, Carleaner; Adams, Kellyn; Do, Phi; Engber, Kerry; Henry, Leslie; Khalili, Michael; Morales, Sandy; O'Carroll, Chelsea; Quijano, Jade; Borgheian, Shiva; Inatomi, Roger; Lorenzo, Alfonso; Lorenzo, Dinah; Nyborg, Glen; Salazar, Vinis; Woo, Michael; Beck, Paige; Beerman, Paula; Jacobsen, Jean; Voight, Kathleen; Allman, Erich; Chen, Sabrina; Farkas, Cristina; Forter, Isabelle; Marcus, Paul; Matthews, Lonna; Phillips, Roxana; Silva-Gietzen, Jessica; Sturgeon, Erica; Varner, Gina; Mullen, Brian; Stanford, William; Hoffman, Eric; Sprenger, Kim; Chapman, Andrea; Crawford, Kaylene; Marietta, Jacquie; Kmetty, Leslie; Meier, Jackie; Pirotte, Phyllis; Rathmell, Laurie; Hudson, Melissa; Sieren, Jered; Cronin, Paul; Gross, Barry; Kelly, Aine; Patel, Smita; Pernicano, Perry; Holloway, Lisa; Chalom, Gwen; Henricks, Eric; Pool, Jim; Shepherd, Diane; Zapolski, Deanna; Goodsitt, Mitch; Hooks, Hope; Gefter, Warren; Lynn Werner, D.; Smith, Catherine E.; Choi, Byung Kun; Lee, Joon K.; Holland, Christine; Matuza, Jacqueline; Nosker, Hilary C.; Russell, William; Cupp, Scott; O'Shea, Michael; Munden, Reginald; Cates, Melissa; Sanchez, Eric; Aganon-Acheta, Michelle; Black, Michael; Blalock, Dalphany; Brown, Cynthia; Cromwell, Hattie; Dunnington, Joel; Erasmus, Jeremy; Gladish, Gregory; Gupta, Sanjay; Haynes, Michelle Wann; Hensley, Thomas; Iyer, Revathy B.; Madewell, John; Malbari, Tamim; Marom, Edith M.; Morice, Rodolfo; Rao, Sujaya; Sabloff, Bradley; Scully, Natalie F.; Tekchandani, Sangeeta; Truong, Mylene; Wicks, Danielle; Geiser, William R.; Montague, Jerry L.; Patel, Minesh; Robinson, Tonda; Donnelly, Edwin F.; Thielke, Elizabeth; Bell, Allie M.; Pickens, David R.; Bowman, Walter Allen; Herron, Tina; Shone, Dawn; Chin, Brian; Chen, Michael; Harmon, Lisa; Hinshaw, Lisa; Nelson, Carolyn; Biracree, Donna; Boyles, Denise; Burrough, Anne; Davis, Amanda; Drake, Elliott; Frost, Eileen; Long, Ashley; Bowman, Elaine; Dyer, Susanna.

In: Radiology, Vol. 258, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 243-253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gatsonis, CA, Aberle, DR, Berg, CD, Black, WC, Church, TR, Fagerstrom, RM, Galen, B, Gareen, IF, Goldin, J, Gohagan, JK, Hillman, B, Jaffe, C, Kramer, BS, Lynch, D, Marcus, PM, Schnall, M, Sullivan, DC, Sullivan, D, Zylak, CJ, Cagnon, C, Cody, D, Fletcher, G, Flynn, MJ, Judy, PF, Kruger, R, Larke, FJ, McNitt-Gray, M, Payne, T, Anthony Seibert, J, Wu, X, Abbott, G, Amorosa, JK, Barr, RG, Boiselle, PM, Chiles, C, Clark, R, Coppage, L, Falk, R, Fishman, EK, Gemmel, D, Goldin, JG, Goodman, E, Hart, EM, Hazelton, T, Johnson, E, Kazerooni, E, McComb, B, McLennan, G, Munden, RF, Ravenel, J, Sullivan, M, Swensen, SJ, Torigian, DA, Vydareny, KH, Worrell, JA, Balkin, P, Fouad, M, Freedman, MT, Garg, K, Gelmann, EP, Gierada, DS, Hocking, W, Inampudi, S, Isaacs, C, Kvale, P, Mann, H, Manor, W, Nath, H, Reding, D, Spizarny, DL, Strollo, DC, Waltz, J, Chen, MH, Duan, F, Izmirilian, G, Pinsky, P, Prorok, PC, Miller, AB, Edelman, MJ, Evans, WK, Fontana, RS, Machtay, M, Clark, KW, Clingan, KL, Ford, MB, Márquez, G, Moore, SM, Ohan, P, Payne, TJ, Peace, S, Rosenbaum, JL, Barr, R, Black, W, Torigian, D, Vydareny, K, Worrell, J, Young, RC, Alberts, D, DeMets, D, Greenwald, P, Jacobs, P, McLoud, TC, Naidich, DP, Tatum, J, Sausville, EA, Burke, W, Colice, G, Edwards, B, Emerson, S, Fletcher, J, Green, S, Harris, R, Klein, JS, Korn, EL, Baylin, SB, Selby, JV, Sturges, DW, Turnbull, BW, Watson, TJ, Baylin, S, Caporaso, N, Dennis, P, Dubinett, S, Franklin, W, Grizzle, W, Hirsch, F, Massion, P, McKeeta-Frobeck, K, Minna, J, Patz, E, Spitz, M, Berg, CB, Corle, D, Hu, P, Izmirlian, G, Gaegler, J, Hoffman, S, Jackson, C, Lange, E, Papadopoulos, E, Gatsonis, C, Gareen, I, Apgar, C, Boyle, A, Caldwell, T, Fredericks, N, Harbison, D, Hartfeil, D, Jones, S, King, S, Mahon, I, Medina, R, Masiejczyk, C, Zamora, P, Brastater, H, Iyer, V, George, J, Gopalakrishnan, D, Blair, P, Bradley, M, Crozier, C, Oh, M, Spiese, N, Steward, C, Kelly-Truran, M, Thompson, T, Cunningham, E, Levering, A, McMurtrie, K, Nahill, M, Snowden, S, Smith, K, Wilton, F, Welsh, T, Welsh, R, Christie, W, Clabo, S, Clune, R, Cunningham, N, Downs, J, Dymond, L, Falcone, J, Harris, S, Harvey, P, Hill, J, Hill, L, Letizia, D, Looney, K, McGinley, H, Mean, A, Moore, M, Norton, R, Ortico, V, Sabina, S, Sole, R, Stetz, JA, Ssali, A, Stubblefield, J, Taylor, T, White, S, Lu, B, Adams, A, Baum, S, Blevins, M, Fox, P, Girardi, V, Gorelick, J, Hunt, E, McMullen, Q, Meganathan, K, Rendas-Baum, R, Sicks, JRD, Snyder, B, Yeh, M, Duggan, M, Souza, C, Cahill, J, Brewer, BK, O'Brien, B, Devereux, G, Fritz, MS, Galbraith, M, Harkins, J, Keating, KJ, Midkiff, K, Singh, U, Zimmerman, T, Payte, N, Price, H, Caughman, C, Chanapatna, R, Florzyk, M, Lee, A, Morgan, A, Yang, J, Ellen Martinusen, L, McSwain, J, Rosario, R, Singh, J, DeBaugh, RA, Campleman, S, Mesnard, M, Ragard, L, Lewis, T, Roberts, LM, Narayanaswami, V, Ralda, V, Lake, W, Riley, T, Clapp, JB, Austin, J, Irons, B, Xu, FF, Jones, GC, Young, M, Goodman, A, Kibic, C, Sheridan, P, Kadish, N, Moline, D, Phillips, R, Adkinson, M, Creed, D, DeCoste, T, Gembala, D, Hurst, S, King, E, Knowles, J, McBride, P, Pangburn, P, Preston, J, Stokes, K, Tesch, P, Wenmoth, S, Galocy, L, Mandley, D, Orvis, G, Dial, A, Clark, L, Cohen, L, Gerber, J, Jamis-Dow, C, Makariou, E, Smith, E, Garrett, A, McGuire, C, Neff, S, Riley, T, Cantrell, S, Marsh, G, Wray, C, Yondonsambuu, B, Giles, U, Ford, M, Brown, V, Evangelista, AL, Hammond, T, Nickel, J, Brangan, M, Lee, M, Lin, C, Adkins, E, Armah, G, Blue, C, Cooke, V, Gray, N, Gustitis, M, Hawkins, L, Isaacs, G, Kim, M, King, M, Kumbalasiri, K, Laura, R, McDaniel, K, Mulugeta, A, Riley, L, Sorrell, S, Thomas, W, Woodard, L, Johnson, CC, Tammemagi, M, Spizarny, D, Zylak, C, Flynn, M, Sen, GJ, Sankey, S, Schultz, L, Albertsen, K, Broski, K, Kucera, G, Poler, K, Spoutz-Ryan, C, Thomas, D, Griesemer, E, Kwit, B, Fantuz, P, McLellan, B, Simmons, D, Hafeez, Y, Maddy, N, Davis, LT, Estell, R, Kozakowski, S, Rowe, J, Stanley, M, Zhang, X, Frebes, ME, Paquette, M, Tecmire, M, Young, L, Greene, D, Hill, C, Young, K, Bellware, K, Bohn, K, Caird, N, Fink, H, Fiarman, S, Houston, M, Jolly, A, Krzeczkowski, C, Mack, C, Murray, L, Nanovski, A, Rempinski, D, Tumberlinson, H, William, D, Eldridge-Smith, E, Graves, V, Szabo, N, Crump, J, Kruger, R, Greenlee, R, Lappe, K, Multerer, D, Kriescher, D, Vieth, A, Wein, S, Fuehrer, D, Gjertson, C, Krebsbach, J, Kuhlka, C, Luttrop, K, Netzer, J, Wegner, J, Fischer, V, Mathiesen-Viergutz, K, Kofka, K, Jablonsky, N, Johnson, B, Kitchner, T, Mueller, L, Rueth, A, Wachholz, S, Bohman, K, Bruger, M, Kramer, KR, Kuenhold, K, Mueller, C, Mueller, C, Multerer, L, Zahradka, S, Alkilidar, J, Bhattacharjee, N, Cangelosi, C, Carlson, R, Coppens, A, Cousins, M, Edelstein, B, Gerndt, K, Heffernon, J, Hinke, T, Hinson, M, Hutchins, L, Lieberman, K, Mulligan, G, Omoba, E, Risa, T, Sheflin, J, Swan, T, Warner, J, Williams, A, Yokochi, L, Adaniya, R, Glanz, K, Navin, J, Shambaugh, V, Tabrah, F, Willcox, B, Williams, P, He, Q, Jenkins, V, Bow, K, Tsukamoto, J, Hyun, S, Brown, E, Morrow, H, Stryker, K, Shiratori, H, Lau, P, Au, B, Francis, W, Bolan, L, Brooke, J, Calulot, M, Chun, V, Rabanal, K, Tani, J, Lewis, C, Morfit, J, Brunst, A, Turner, L, Hino, G, Chung, A, Elbon-Copp, C, Huynh, W, Johnson, M, Nakano, E, Villaruz, L, Fouad, MN, Bailey, WC, Garver, R, Brawner, D, Malcomb, I, Morgan, D, Sanders, PC, Sandy, A, Schwartz, M, Singh, S, Dransfield, M, Higgins, D, Moore, A, Acemgil, A, Blake, T, Lee, J, Quattlebaum, S, Schach, J, Martin, T, Khatri, R, Gendi, W, Powell, B, Johnson, C, Sears, J, Jordan, S, Prayer, V, Walker, C, Johnson, M, Thompson, J, David Crawford, E, Bunn, P, Gamito, E, Ogden, S, Pretzel, S, Ramsay, L, Vaughn, C, Whiton, C, Sammons, D, Springhetti, L, Tenorio, S, Cadez, N, Laster, S, O'Donnell, C, Hughes, J, Livingston, JG, Morrison, G, Moss, W, Mullennix, M, Peters, M, Sahin, H, Slear, M, Burek, M, Hill, C, Jewitt, E, Pena, R, Ordonez, E, Sammons, G, Hernandez, J, Reyes, A, Somoza, A, Oken, M, Bay, B, Edelman, K, Fox, T, Gaerte, S, Myra-Bloom, K, Plunkett, M, Olson, F, Rust, P, Schneider, L, Trombley, B, Vahey, T, Bangerter, A, David-Schlegel, T, DesMarais, D, Frederickson, S, Geisser, M, Portnov, N, Silverman, G, Stahan, F, Vuong, S, Watt, G, Woodside, J, Zirbes, A, Breer, S, Haselhuhn, C, Longden, C, Mueller, C, Rice, M, Warren, D, Collins, S, Levi, S, Manual, J, Matous, L, Olsson, P, Peterson, S, Rogers, C, Steele, ML, Beckmann, P, Jurjans, L, Terrian, S, Fraki, S, Fronheiser, M, Heinrichs, L, Kirby, D, Seivert, J, Steinberg, C, Watry, M, Boyle, K, Burnside, A, Kiffmeyer, R, Mosiman, W, Bailey, A, Byrnes, P, Stark, L, Weston, M, Whistler, D, Cordes, J, Engelhard, D, Becker, J, Bradley, P, Fisher, J, McLaughlin, H, Mendez, AM, Miller, D, Ronan, R, Siga, B, Weissfeld, JL, Salerno, MB, Schragin, J, Strollo, D, Warfel, TE, Wolfe, PW, Antico, DA, Bee, MT, Bittner, DF, Corey, WT, Hawkins, RA, Herbick, WT, Karwat, MF, Leonard, KJ, Petrochko, CN, Pickering, SF, Smart, PE, Walters, PJ, Zehner, JA, Augustine, K, Misko, S, Richel, M, Riley, MA, Warren, L, McDonough, K, Rozanok, B, Helms, J, Olson, P, Uttecht, S, Wirth, M, Atkins, R, Clement, L, Gurtner, D, Jones, L, Buys, SS, Drosten, R, Murray, K, Nowers, K, Jenkins, P, Tripp, D, Herron, G, Van Stam, E, Varner, J, O'Toole, K, Olson, C, Omori, D, Andersen, A, Argyle, N, Avrin, J, Bacon, J, Broschinsky, M, Montalbo, C, Nolan, K, Randall, A, Schleip, K, Sheltra, SJ, Tischner, R, Toyn, C, Turner, K, Whittaker, B, Wicklander, E, Wolf, J, Baiton, C, Doi, B, Childs, J, Gren, L, Watson, D, Jones, T, Neilson, B, Ahumada, H, Bourija, H, Brown, C, Ferris, B, Hadfield, L, Hansen, K, Koford, J, Kopesec, S, Lloyd, A, Lofthouse, M, Matinkhah, S, May, V, Nichols, S, Nieves, A, Oviatt, M, Richardson, N, Rowley, AL, Sandberg, E, Dave Scholl, S, Seguin, L, Shea, D, Smith, S, Street, PA, Walters, M, Weiben, R, Wilcox, L, Zisumbo, R, Beck, TM, Waltz, JS, Ball, S, Burt, TB, Daniel, EN, DeMordaunt, QA, Fisher, MT, Fuchs, MA, Hubler, BE, Jennings, CJ, Lane, RH, Leymaster, CE, Macey, LC, Marx, SV, Maxwell, JR, Nelson, BB, Fairbanks, J, Wohlers, B, Heinz, J, Berreth, K, Marshall, R, Brekke, J, Jones, K, Barrow, A, Bashford, D, Clot, B, Cook, T, Dobson, L, Hamilton-Foss, A, Hanson, W, Hyder, JE, Lewis-Burke, C, Mitchell, S, Osterhout, M, Patella, K, Peterson, P, Schornak-Curtis, S, Sirianni, L, Stoller, L, Vigeant, K, Whistle, C, Yates, J, Andriole, G, Claire Anderson, D, Bhalla, S, Bierhals, AJ, Bronfman, J, Glazer, HS, Gutierrez, FR, Geisse, G, Kotner, LM, Javidan-Nejad, C, Rezai, K, Sagel, SS, Semenkovich, JW, Siegel, MJ, Sorrel, D, Woodard, PK, Engelhart, D, Haverman, R, Campbell, A, Gardner, V, Gherardini, D, Hoese, L, Holdener, R, Ledbetter, L, Nieters, P, Reiners, C, Wade, J, Wiseman, M, Rueweler, P, Williams, R, Chi, D, Budd, T, Webb, J, Stolin, C, Garrett, K, Fleming, E, Freesmeier, E, Frye, J, Graham, D, Kaemmerer, H, Nevilles, JA, Taylor, K, Blaine, J, Clark, K, Gierada, D, Koppel, P, Maffitt, D, Moore, S, Molton, J, Phillips, S, Prior, F, Wolfsberger, M, Cosas, A, Kim, S, Kim, M, Liang, Y, Pilgram, T, Haas, A, Hartwell, D, Roeshe, D, Lowery, A, Meese, S, Naughton, K, Yoffie, R, Smith, K, Schwartzstein, R, Lin, PJP, Parritt, TA, Grady, EA, Damon, L, Gard, S, Griggs, R, Potemkin, A, Pollock, MM, Clellan, SM, Laron, M, Owens, T, Costello, P, Jacobson, FL, Hunsaker, AR, Spirn, PW, Trotman-Bickenson, B, Christopoulos, VE, Kazda, IK, MacDougall, RC, Walsh, A, Nawfel, RD, Berger, R, Chan, P, Delano, M, Geiger, J, Krinopol, C, McGinnis, AD, McLaughlin, AM, Weatherby, R, Tung, G, Maineiro, M, Camara, L, Cobb, C, Foley, S, Morrell, E, Romano, D, Guillette, D, Smith, W, Aisner, J, Backer, M, Bramwitt, M, De Caravalho, V, Epstein, R, Joyce, P, Langenfeld, JE, Reinert, A, Team, R, DeMarco, K, Lutzker, S, Musanti, R, Shiff, S, Wolfsohn, T, Hudak, C, Hugill, A, Furlong, M, Weslowsky, E, Carmen, S, Foster, DL, Hansen, K, Pennetta, B, White, LV, Tokarz, R, Trotta, M, Birofka, A, Kasales, CJ, Lewis, PJ, Weaver, JB, Lenz, SB, Barrett, AC, Dauphinais, R, Heinz, JR, Siemionko, MK, Taplin, AL, Wasson, LS, DeAlmeida, L, Longacre, S, Meagher, K, Moser, CM, Lawlor, JK, O'Quinn, C, Krieger Black, NE, Bradley, HL, Bronson, JK, Cosgrove, T, Haron, MK, King, D, Mazuerk, PM, O'Donnell, NF, Pluta, DJ, Sackett, TJ, Turgeon, GD, Albano, H, Bell, C, Bergen, J, Bizer, G, Carmichael, NM, Cimis, C, Davis, S, DeAngelis, T, Fellows, G, Fenton, C, Ferola, J, Gankiewicz, N, Hastings, D, Howell, C, Johnson, ME, Krisk, M, Lancor, H, Leary, C, LeBlanc, M, Leming, A, Leming, M, Mead, D, Milacek, M, Mood, J, Nordstrom, H, Palazzolo, C, Pierce, J, Remitz, RP, Rider, J, Robbins, KA, Sleasman, B, Spaulding, J, Vashel, C, Welch, A, White, L, Whitty, M, Williams, AM, Karellas, A, Grayson, L, McCalister-Cross, C, Mesquita, S, Nguyen, A, Myers, LN, Deaton, E, Maxfield, S, Thomas, K, Allen, P, Brooks, D, Chadwell, C, Couch, E, Horton, KM, Flores, R, Francis, M, Landes, S, Mattingly, J, Oechsli, M, Pitino, B, Sams, S, Soukhanova, O, Bland, P, Bube, S, Hoffa, T, McElsain, B, Johnson, D, Francow, C, Johnson, S, Senn, P, Horton, KM, Lawler, LP, Bradford, L, Christensen, G, Bishop, J, Motley, L, Mahesh, M, Stewart, R, Guzman, C, Blake, HB, Bradford, H, Bradford, J, Burner, J, Kasecamp, J, Kaufmann, JB, Kimball, D, Lewis, Z, Moesinger, S, Walsh, S, Taylor, K, Yung, R, Zeng, M, Gambill, G, Merrill, S, Mahesh, M, Johnson, EA, Jolies, HI, Kuzo, RS, Morin, RL, Abaya, R, Chewar, D, Shwarts, P, Allen, S, Manning, S, Awan, MAZ, Clinic, M, Jacksonville, Beagle, FL, Cape, D, Zeiger, T, Amendolare, L, Bahr, N, Belyea, M, Berg, T, Burkhard, M, Cottrell, L, BeAngelis, K, Bvorak, M, Heather, L, Gay, B, Hatton, K, Jacoby, S, Kennedy, V, Krach, K, Laughren, M, Lavergne, C, Lawrence, M, Lynch, J, McDonald, A, Mestas, F, Moody, J, O'Brien, C, Pitts, J, Polding, B, Richardson, L, Robinson, K, Warren, A, Washburn, H, Wilson, E, Zagarra, L, Batton, KM, Chellini, D, DeWitt, K, Fleming, DR, Newton-Foster, C, MacDonald, R, Ott, J, Peterson, J, Sallas, M, Teepe, M, Thomas, R, Torrence, K, Hildestad, J, Hartman, TE, Jett, JR, McCollough, CH, Midthun, BE, Andrist, BR, Hanson, NE, Sathre, CL, Schroeder, LB, Sheeran, JR, Walters, LC, Andrist, CL, Bungum, AO, Bornhorst, CL, Beno, BM, Krpata, TS, Lambrecht, AM, McKey, CM, Prudoehl, BK, Richter, HR, Brisendine, A, Adrales-Bentz, T, Arnold, K, Benjamin, B, Bodd, A, Keller, J, Saunders, T, Spicker, P, Shannon, S, Bailey, L, Comer, H, Espiritu, J, Helwi, S, Mack-Pipkin, B, Tockman, M, Evans, B, Wadhwa, N, Baptiste, N, Eysmans, C, Vera-Gonzalez, N, Hamm, L, Harjani, V, Sear, A, Blackwell, S, Fernandez, A, Williams, E, Coleman, KA, Afiat, J, Kirchoff, L, Bowman, R, Brothers, C, Cohen, B, Fields, N, Guzman, R, Monje, C, Sterling, W, Thorpe, L, White, K, Williams, B, Nekervis, E, Franco, A, Glick, L, Grigolo, M, Harts, Y, Migo, A, Rockwell, KP, Stein, A, Weyls, R, Berns, E, Biringer, MT, Pino, AD, Dubbs, P, Fehrmann, GM, Goodwin, AL, Granger, L, Haglage, J, Hirschy, J, King, M, Kristopher, JW, Mac, NM, Mahoney, G, Markarian, A, Ramirez, M, Taylor, M, West, KM, Sullivan, MA, Matthews, CC, Jones, J, Cole, A, Dow, P, Fearon, J, Fodera, B, Ginther, B, McCall, RL, Williams, S, Young, S, Juul, C, LaFleur, A, Lohmann, K, Pineda, L, Schmidt, A, Wright, S, Greenup, S, McNulty, K, Pawlak, S, Porter, H, Lanning, T, Loria, D, Cook, A, Sky, JAH, Boulos, A, Dalal, P, Dickstein, B, DuChateau, A, Engartner, C, Evans, DM, Evans, J, Evans, K, Gemmel, M, Hallsky, S, Hoffman, P, Hritz, C, Kerchum, L, Kolich, M, Kolich, M, Kolich, M, Kumar, N, Lobaugh, J, Love, C, Love, D, Love, M, Marchese, M, Nelson, D, Petkus, C, Petruzzi, M, Raver, C, Schuler, E, Schuler, P, Schultz, D, Kobistek, R, Jackson, J, Ziegler, J, Fleischer, J, Welch, LL, Acerra, M, Brittain, B, Conklin, L, Cyphert, C, Delfosse, B, Franceshelli, L, Fuller, J, Garland, D, Gocala, PJ, Grunenwald, M, Kowalik, D, Kurjan, SL, Lavernick, P, Maderitz, J, Metz, R, Quinn, R, Semansky, M, Smith, S, St.Claire, A, Taybus, P, Wisler, D, Zubena, K, Duda, C, Kay, P, Trapnell, P, Vlachou, M, Bigby, BB, Gallego, A, Hamm, G, Spivak, J, Pollard, M, Brown, E, Campa, O, Carter, B, Clark, S, Flores, M, Ho, J, Lee, T, Lewis, B, McMahon, J, Momongan, L, Ngo, J, Perryman, A, Rivas, N, Romo, C, Sookpisal, K, Stone, L, Voight, B, Williams, C, Adams, K, Do, P, Engber, K, Henry, L, Khalili, M, Morales, S, O'Carroll, C, Quijano, J, Borgheian, S, Inatomi, R, Lorenzo, A, Lorenzo, D, Nyborg, G, Salazar, V, Woo, M, Beck, P, Beerman, P, Jacobsen, J, Voight, K, Allman, E, Chen, S, Farkas, C, Forter, I, Marcus, P, Matthews, L, Phillips, R, Silva-Gietzen, J, Sturgeon, E, Varner, G, Mullen, B, Stanford, W, Hoffman, E, Sprenger, K, Chapman, A, Crawford, K, Marietta, J, Kmetty, L, Meier, J, Pirotte, P, Rathmell, L, Hudson, M, Sieren, J, Cronin, P, Gross, B, Kelly, A, Patel, S, Pernicano, P, Holloway, L, Chalom, G, Henricks, E, Pool, J, Shepherd, D, Zapolski, D, Goodsitt, M, Hooks, H, Gefter, W, Lynn Werner, D, Smith, CE, Choi, BK, Lee, JK, Holland, C, Matuza, J, Nosker, HC, Russell, W, Cupp, S, O'Shea, M, Munden, R, Cates, M, Sanchez, E, Aganon-Acheta, M, Black, M, Blalock, D, Brown, C, Cromwell, H, Dunnington, J, Erasmus, J, Gladish, G, Gupta, S, Haynes, MW, Hensley, T, Iyer, RB, Madewell, J, Malbari, T, Marom, EM, Morice, R, Rao, S, Sabloff, B, Scully, NF, Tekchandani, S, Truong, M, Wicks, D, Geiser, WR, Montague, JL, Patel, M, Robinson, T, Donnelly, EF, Thielke, E, Bell, AM, Pickens, DR, Bowman, WA, Herron, T, Shone, D, Chin, B, Chen, M, Harmon, L, Hinshaw, L, Nelson, C, Biracree, D, Boyles, D, Burrough, A, Davis, A, Drake, E, Frost, E, Long, A, Bowman, E & Dyer, S 2011, 'The national lung screening trial: Overview and study design', Radiology, vol. 258, no. 1, pp. 243-253. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.10091808
Gatsonis CA, Aberle DR, Berg CD, Black WC, Church TR, Fagerstrom RM et al. The national lung screening trial: Overview and study design. Radiology. 2011 Jan;258(1):243-253. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.10091808
Gatsonis, Constantine A. ; Aberle, Denise R. ; Berg, Christine D. ; Black, William C. ; Church, Timothy R. ; Fagerstrom, Richard M. ; Galen, Barbara ; Gareen, Ilana F. ; Goldin, Jonathan ; Gohagan, John K. ; Hillman, Bruce ; Jaffe, Carl ; Kramer, Barnett S. ; Lynch, David ; Marcus, Pamela M. ; Schnall, Mitchell ; Sullivan, Daniel C. ; Sullivan, Dorothy ; Zylak, Carl J. ; Cagnon, Christopher ; Cody, Dianna ; Fletcher, Glenn ; Flynn, Michael J. ; Judy, Philip F. ; Kruger, Randell ; Larke, Frederick J. ; McNitt-Gray, Michael ; Payne, Thomas ; Anthony Seibert, J. ; Wu, Xizeng ; Abbott, Gerald ; Amorosa, Judith K. ; Barr, Richard G. ; Boiselle, Phillip M. ; Chiles, Caroline ; Clark, Robert ; Coppage, Lynn ; Falk, Robert ; Fishman, Elliot K ; Gemmel, David ; Goldin, Jonathan G. ; Goodman, Eric ; Hart, Eric M. ; Hazelton, Todd ; Johnson, Elizabeth ; Kazerooni, Ella ; McComb, Barbara ; McLennan, Geoffrey ; Munden, Reginald F. ; Ravenel, James ; Sullivan, Michael ; Swensen, Stephen J. ; Torigian, Drew A. ; Vydareny, Kay H. ; Worrell, John A. ; Balkin, Peter ; Fouad, Mona ; Freedman, Matthew T. ; Garg, Kavita ; Gelmann, Edward P. ; Gierada, David S. ; Hocking, William ; Inampudi, Subbarao ; Isaacs, Claudine ; Kvale, Paul ; Mann, Howard ; Manor, William ; Nath, Hrudaya ; Reding, Douglas ; Spizarny, David L. ; Strollo, Diane C. ; Waltz, John ; Chen, Mei Hsiu ; Duan, Fenghai ; Izmirilian, Grant ; Pinsky, Paul ; Prorok, Philip C. ; Miller, Anthony B. ; Edelman, Martin J. ; Evans, William K. ; Fontana, Robert S. ; Machtay, Mitchell ; Clark, Kenneth W. ; Clingan, Kathy L. ; Ford, Melissa B. ; Márquez, Guillermo ; Moore, Steven M. ; Ohan, Peter ; Payne, Thomas J. ; Peace, Steven ; Rosenbaum, Jennifer L. ; Barr, Richard ; Black, William ; Torigian, Drew ; Vydareny, Kay ; Worrell, John ; Young, Robert C. ; Alberts, David ; DeMets, David ; Greenwald, Peter ; Jacobs, Paula ; McLoud, Theresa C. ; Naidich, David P. ; Tatum, James ; Sausville, Edward A. ; Burke, Wylie ; Colice, Gene ; Edwards, Brenda ; Emerson, Scott ; Fletcher, John ; Green, Sylvan ; Harris, Russell ; Klein, Jeffrey S. ; Korn, Edward L. ; Baylin, Stephen B ; Selby, Joe V. ; Sturges, David W. ; Turnbull, Bruce W. ; Watson, Thomas J. ; Baylin, Stephen ; Caporaso, Neil ; Dennis, Philip ; Dubinett, Steve ; Franklin, Wilbur ; Grizzle, William ; Hirsch, Fred ; Massion, Pierre ; McKeeta-Frobeck, Kathy ; Minna, John ; Patz, Edward ; Spitz, Margaret ; Berg, Christine B. ; Corle, Donald ; Hu, Ping ; Izmirlian, Grant ; Gaegler, Jennifer ; Hoffman, Susan ; Jackson, Charles ; Lange, Erin ; Papadopoulos, Evanthia ; Gatsonis, Constantine ; Gareen, Iiana ; Apgar, Charles ; Boyle, Anna ; Caldwell, Tom ; Fredericks, Nancy ; Harbison, Deborah ; Hartfeil, Donna ; Jones, Sharon ; King, Steve ; Mahon, Irene ; Medina, Rosa ; Masiejczyk, Cindy ; Zamora, Peter ; Brastater, Hank ; Iyer, Vish ; George, Jincy ; Gopalakrishnan, Dinakar ; Blair, Patricia ; Bradley, Michael ; Crozier, Cheryl ; Oh, Maria ; Spiese, Nicole ; Steward, Chris ; Kelly-Truran, Mary ; Thompson, Tess ; Cunningham, Erin ; Levering, Anthony ; McMurtrie, Kathleen ; Nahill, Michael ; Snowden, Sharlene ; Smith, Kesha ; Wilton, Fraser ; Welsh, Timothy ; Welsh, Rex ; Christie, Wendell ; Clabo, Stephanie ; Clune, Roberta ; Cunningham, Natalie ; Downs, Jamie ; Dymond, Lindsey ; Falcone, Julianne ; Harris, Shani ; Harvey, Pamela ; Hill, Jane ; Hill, Laura ; Letizia, Donna ; Looney, Kendrick ; McGinley, Hugh ; Mean, Angelee ; Moore, Marcella ; Norton, Ryan ; Ortico, Valentina ; Sabina, Sophia ; Sole, Robert ; Stetz, Jo Ann ; Ssali, Arnold ; Stubblefield, John ; Taylor, Tina ; White, Shovonna ; Lu, Bo ; Adams, Amanda ; Baum, Sarah ; Blevins, Meridith ; Fox, Patricia ; Girardi, Vincent ; Gorelick, Jeremy ; Hunt, Edward ; McMullen, Quentin ; Meganathan, Karthikeyan ; Rendas-Baum, Regina ; Sicks, Jo Rean D ; Snyder, Bradley ; Yeh, Melanie ; Duggan, Maryann ; Souza, Cheryl ; Cahill, Jack ; Brewer, Brenda K. ; O'Brien, Barbara ; Devereux, Gillian ; Fritz, Melissa S. ; Galbraith, Miriam ; Harkins, Judith ; Keating, Kristen J. ; Midkiff, Kirk ; Singh, Usha ; Zimmerman, Thea ; Payte, Nancy ; Price, Helen ; Caughman, Clifford ; Chanapatna, Ramachandra ; Florzyk, Mike ; Lee, Annabelle ; Morgan, Alan ; Yang, Jennifer ; Ellen Martinusen, L. ; McSwain, June ; Rosario, Rhonda ; Singh, Jagdish ; DeBaugh, R. Adam ; Campleman, Sharan ; Mesnard, Mary ; Ragard, Lawrence ; Lewis, Terry ; Roberts, Lois M. ; Narayanaswami, Vijayasri ; Ralda, Vanessa ; Lake, William ; Riley, Thomas ; Clapp, Jonathan B. ; Austin, Joe ; Irons, Brian ; Xu, Fang F. ; Jones, Gordon C. ; Young, Michael ; Goodman, Andrew ; Kibic, Crissy ; Sheridan, Patricia ; Kadish, Nancy ; Moline, Denise ; Phillips, Rachel ; Adkinson, Michele ; Creed, David ; DeCoste, Tammy ; Gembala, Debbie ; Hurst, Sally ; King, Elizabeth ; Knowles, Joy ; McBride, Pamela ; Pangburn, Patricia ; Preston, Judy ; Stokes, Karen ; Tesch, Patricia ; Wenmoth, Susan ; Galocy, Linda ; Mandley, Deanna ; Orvis, Gail ; Dial, Alphonso ; Clark, Letitia ; Cohen, Lawrence ; Gerber, Joanne ; Jamis-Dow, Carlos ; Makariou, Erini ; Smith, Ed ; Garrett, Amy ; McGuire, Colleen ; Neff, Sarah ; Riley, Tara ; Cantrell, Sara ; Marsh, Glynis ; Wray, Chrispina ; Yondonsambuu, Baigalmaa ; Giles, Ulander ; Ford, Morgan ; Brown, Venus ; Evangelista, Amy Lita ; Hammond, Tiffanie ; Nickel, Jillian ; Brangan, Michael ; Lee, Michele ; Lin, Cindy ; Adkins, Elanor ; Armah, George ; Blue, Christopher ; Cooke, Venetia ; Gray, Natalie ; Gustitis, Marianna ; Hawkins, Lakisha ; Isaacs, Grace ; Kim, Mimi ; King, Malcolm ; Kumbalasiri, Kanya ; Laura, Robin ; McDaniel, Kelly ; Mulugeta, Alem ; Riley, Leroy ; Sorrell, Shane ; Thomas, William ; Woodard, Lisa ; Johnson, Christine Cole ; Tammemagi, Martin ; Spizarny, David ; Zylak, Carl ; Flynn, Michael ; Sen, Gordon Jacob ; Sankey, Steadman ; Schultz, Lonni ; Albertsen, Kalin ; Broski, Karen ; Kucera, Gena ; Poler, Kathleen ; Spoutz-Ryan, Cheryl ; Thomas, Dawn ; Griesemer, Evangeline ; Kwit, Bonnie ; Fantuz, Patricia ; McLellan, Beth ; Simmons, Dawn ; Hafeez, Yasmeen ; Maddy, Noel ; Davis, La Tonja ; Estell, Rodkise ; Kozakowski, Susanne ; Rowe, Jennifer ; Stanley, Merideth ; Zhang, Xiuli ; Frebes, Mary Ellen ; Paquette, Margaret ; Tecmire, Mirjana ; Young, Laura ; Greene, Deborah ; Hill, Cynthia ; Young, Kathleen ; Bellware, Karen ; Bohn, Kay ; Caird, Nancy ; Fink, Helen ; Fiarman, Sandra ; Houston, Melissa ; Jolly, Ann ; Krzeczkowski, Carissa ; Mack, Cynthia ; Murray, Lakeshia ; Nanovski, Anna ; Rempinski, Debra ; Tumberlinson, Heather ; William, Debbie ; Eldridge-Smith, Eleace ; Graves, Vanessa ; Szabo, Nora ; Crump, John ; Kruger, Randall ; Greenlee, Robert ; Lappe, Karen ; Multerer, Deb ; Kriescher, Denise ; Vieth, Amy ; Wein, Sheila ; Fuehrer, Dawn ; Gjertson, Christine ; Krebsbach, June ; Kuhlka, Craig ; Luttrop, Karen ; Netzer, Judy ; Wegner, Jean ; Fischer, Virginia ; Mathiesen-Viergutz, Kay ; Kofka, Karen ; Jablonsky, Nikki ; Johnson, Brooke ; Kitchner, Terrie ; Mueller, Lin ; Rueth, Amy ; Wachholz, Shirley ; Bohman, Kari ; Bruger, Marilyn ; Kramer, Kari Ranae ; Kuenhold, Katie ; Mueller, Camille ; Mueller, Cathy ; Multerer, Laura ; Zahradka, Sue ; Alkilidar, Janan ; Bhattacharjee, Nandita ; Cangelosi, Christopher ; Carlson, Robert ; Coppens, Alon ; Cousins, Margo ; Edelstein, Barry ; Gerndt, Kristin ; Heffernon, Jeffrey ; Hinke, Thomas ; Hinson, Mark ; Hutchins, Lawrence ; Lieberman, Kristin ; Mulligan, Gerald ; Omoba, Emmanuel ; Risa, Todd ; Sheflin, John ; Swan, Tim ; Warner, John ; Williams, Alan ; Yokochi, Lance ; Adaniya, Roy ; Glanz, Karen ; Navin, James ; Shambaugh, Vicki ; Tabrah, Frank ; Willcox, Bradley ; Williams, Paulette ; He, Qimei ; Jenkins, Victoria ; Bow, Kathleen ; Tsukamoto, Jean ; Hyun, Shirleen ; Brown, Ed ; Morrow, Howard ; Stryker, Kimberly ; Shiratori, Helene ; Lau, Peggy ; Au, Bonna ; Francis, Wendy ; Bolan, Liz ; Brooke, Jazman ; Calulot, Marilyn ; Chun, Victoria ; Rabanal, Kathryn ; Tani, Joy ; Lewis, Cheryl ; Morfit, June ; Brunst, Amy ; Turner, Louisa ; Hino, Gladys ; Chung, Anne ; Elbon-Copp, Constance ; Huynh, William ; Johnson, Myrle ; Nakano, Esther ; Villaruz, Lilian ; Fouad, Mona N. ; Bailey, William C. ; Garver, Robert ; Brawner, Dale ; Malcomb, Ian ; Morgan, Desiree ; Sanders, Patricia C. ; Sandy, Arthur ; Schwartz, Martin ; Singh, Satinder ; Dransfield, Mark ; Higgins, Darlene ; Moore, Alisha ; Acemgil, Aras ; Blake, Tony ; Lee, Jing ; Quattlebaum, Sam ; Schach, Julie ; Martin, Tawny ; Khatri, Rekha ; Gendi, Wahied ; Powell, Beverly ; Johnson, Carolyn ; Sears, Julie ; Jordan, Shari ; Prayer, Vicki ; Walker, Carole ; Johnson, Mel ; Thompson, Joanice ; David Crawford, E. ; Bunn, Paul ; Gamito, Eduard ; Ogden, Sheryl ; Pretzel, Shannon ; Ramsay, Lauren ; Vaughn, Carol ; Whiton, Cheri ; Sammons, Donna ; Springhetti, Laura ; Tenorio, Sally ; Cadez, Nichoie ; Laster, Sydney ; O'Donnell, Colin ; Hughes, Joe ; Livingston, Jennifer Garcia ; Morrison, Garry ; Moss, Wendy ; Mullennix, Merri ; Peters, Marissa ; Sahin, Hakan ; Slear, Meredith ; Burek, Mike ; Hill, Carolyn ; Jewitt, Emily ; Pena, Ryan ; Ordonez, Eda ; Sammons, Gina ; Hernandez, Jhenny ; Reyes, Alejandra ; Somoza, Analisa ; Oken, Martin ; Bay, Beborah ; Edelman, Kevin ; Fox, Tammy ; Gaerte, Scott ; Myra-Bloom, Karla ; Plunkett, Michael ; Olson, Frederick ; Rust, Paul ; Schneider, Lisa ; Trombley, Beverly ; Vahey, Thomas ; Bangerter, Ann ; David-Schlegel, Terri ; DesMarais, Donna ; Frederickson, Sue ; Geisser, Mindy ; Portnov, Natalya ; Silverman, Greg ; Stahan, Frank ; Vuong, Simone ; Watt, Gavin ; Woodside, Joe ; Zirbes, Aaron ; Breer, Sophie ; Haselhuhn, Cheri ; Longden, Cathy ; Mueller, Candace ; Rice, Marianne ; Warren, Deb ; Collins, Susan ; Levi, Stephanie ; Manual, Janet ; Matous, Lea ; Olsson, Phyllis ; Peterson, Sue ; Rogers, Christopher ; Steele, Mary Lynn ; Beckmann, Patty ; Jurjans, Linda ; Terrian, Shirley ; Fraki, Sally ; Fronheiser, Martha ; Heinrichs, Linda ; Kirby, Deb ; Seivert, Jackie ; Steinberg, Carol ; Watry, Marge ; Boyle, Karen ; Burnside, Andrew ; Kiffmeyer, Renae ; Mosiman, Wendy ; Bailey, Angie ; Byrnes, Pamela ; Stark, Laura ; Weston, Mary ; Whistler, Dawn ; Cordes, Jill ; Engelhard, Deb ; Becker, Jackie ; Bradley, Peggy ; Fisher, Jim ; McLaughlin, Heather ; Mendez, Ana Maria ; Miller, Deanna ; Ronan, Rosalie ; Siga, Brad ; Weissfeld, Joel L. ; Salerno, Mark B. ; Schragin, Jeffrey ; Strollo, Diane ; Warfel, Thomas E. ; Wolfe, Patrick W. ; Antico, Dominick A. ; Bee, Matthew T. ; Bittner, Donald F. ; Corey, William T. ; Hawkins, Robert A. ; Herbick, William T. ; Karwat, Mukesh F. ; Leonard, Kevin J. ; Petrochko, Constantine N. ; Pickering, Scott F. ; Smart, Paul E. ; Walters, Phyllis J. ; Zehner, Jane A. ; Augustine, Karen ; Misko, Sue ; Richel, Monica ; Riley, Mary Alyce ; Warren, Linda ; McDonough, Kathy ; Rozanok, Beverly ; Helms, Juanita ; Olson, Peggy ; Uttecht, Steve ; Wirth, Mike ; Atkins, Roni ; Clement, Lisa ; Gurtner, Deb ; Jones, Laura ; Buys, Saundra S. ; Drosten, Ralph ; Murray, Kathleen ; Nowers, Kenneth ; Jenkins, Peter ; Tripp, Dave ; Herron, Gabe ; Van Stam, Eduard ; Varner, Julie ; O'Toole, Karen ; Olson, Cassie ; Omori, Derek ; Andersen, Adriane ; Argyle, Neil ; Avrin, Jennifer ; Bacon, Jennifer ; Broschinsky, Mark ; Montalbo, Chani ; Nolan, Kimberly ; Randall, Anne ; Schleip, Karen ; Sheltra, Scott J. ; Tischner, Roger ; Toyn, Christopher ; Turner, Kyle ; Whittaker, Brianne ; Wicklander, Eddy ; Wolf, Jacob ; Baiton, Cherie ; Doi, Briar ; Childs, Jeff ; Gren, Lisa ; Watson, Darcy ; Jones, Tony ; Neilson, Bruce ; Ahumada, Hector ; Bourija, Hassan ; Brown, Christine ; Ferris, Barbara ; Hadfield, Leanne ; Hansen, Kylee ; Koford, Jeffrey ; Kopesec, Sally ; Lloyd, Amy ; Lofthouse, Mindy ; Matinkhah, Saeed ; May, Virginia ; Nichols, Shanna ; Nieves, Alesis ; Oviatt, Misty ; Richardson, Nicole ; Rowley, Angela Lee ; Sandberg, Ellen ; Dave Scholl, Shauna ; Seguin, Lyn ; Shea, David ; Smith, Suzanne ; Street, Patricia Ann ; Walters, Mareie ; Weiben, Ralph ; Wilcox, Lynly ; Zisumbo, Ray ; Beck, Thomas M. ; Waltz, John S. ; Ball, Shane ; Burt, Todd B. ; Daniel, Elaine N. ; DeMordaunt, Quinn A. ; Fisher, Michael T. ; Fuchs, Michael A. ; Hubler, Bruce E. ; Jennings, Chris J. ; Lane, Richard H. ; Leymaster, Craig E. ; Macey, Loren C. ; Marx, Steven V. ; Maxwell, James R. ; Nelson, Brent B. ; Fairbanks, Jeff ; Wohlers, Bonita ; Heinz, Jill ; Berreth, Kathy ; Marshall, Randy ; Brekke, Jerry ; Jones, Kelly ; Barrow, Amber ; Bashford, Douglas ; Clot, Barry ; Cook, Troy ; Dobson, Leslie ; Hamilton-Foss, Andrea ; Hanson, William ; Hyder, Jan E. ; Lewis-Burke, Cindy ; Mitchell, Stacey ; Osterhout, Marlea ; Patella, Karen ; Peterson, Phillip ; Schornak-Curtis, Sandra ; Sirianni, Lisa ; Stoller, Larry ; Vigeant, Korinna ; Whistle, Cheryl ; Yates, Jeff ; Andriole, Gerald ; Claire Anderson, D. ; Bhalla, Sanjeev ; Bierhals, Andrew J. ; Bronfman, Jason ; Glazer, Harvey S. ; Gutierrez, Fernando R. ; Geisse, Guillermo ; Kotner, Lawrence M. ; Javidan-Nejad, Cylen ; Rezai, Kianoush ; Sagel, Stuart S. ; Semenkovich, Janice W. ; Siegel, Marilyn J. ; Sorrel, Dallas ; Woodard, Pamela K. ; Engelhart, David ; Haverman, Robin ; Campbell, Angela ; Gardner, Vivien ; Gherardini, Danielle ; Hoese, Lynn ; Holdener, Ruth ; Ledbetter, Louise ; Nieters, Patricia ; Reiners, Cynthia ; Wade, Jeanine ; Wiseman, Mary ; Rueweler, Patricia ; Williams, Rochelle ; Chi, David ; Budd, Tim ; Webb, Janise ; Stolin, Celia ; Garrett, Kathy ; Fleming, Elizabeth ; Freesmeier, Elaine ; Frye, Jennifer ; Graham, Deborah ; Kaemmerer, Helen ; Nevilles, Jo Ann ; Taylor, Kathy ; Blaine, James ; Clark, Kenneth ; Gierada, David ; Koppel, Paul ; Maffitt, David ; Moore, Stephen ; Molton, Joan ; Phillips, Stanley ; Prior, Fred ; Wolfsberger, Mary ; Cosas, Angela ; Kim, Sooah ; Kim, Miyoung ; Liang, Yuting ; Pilgram, Thomas ; Haas, Amy ; Hartwell, Divine ; Roeshe, Dana ; Lowery, Adelheid ; Meese, Shelly ; Naughton, Kate ; Yoffie, Roberta ; Smith, Kirk ; Schwartzstein, Richard ; Lin, Pei Jan P ; Parritt, Tim A. ; Grady, Elisabeth A. ; Damon, Lisa ; Gard, Sharon ; Griggs, Robin ; Potemkin, Alexis ; Pollock, Mary M. ; Clellan, Sara Mc ; Laron, Melissa ; Owens, Tamara ; Costello, Philip ; Jacobson, Francine L. ; Hunsaker, Andetta R. ; Spirn, Paul W. ; Trotman-Bickenson, Beatrice ; Christopoulos, Voula E. ; Kazda, Ivana K. ; MacDougall, Regina C. ; Walsh, Annmarie ; Nawfel, Richard D. ; Berger, Robert ; Chan, Pearl ; Delano, Mark ; Geiger, Jeffrey ; Krinopol, Carl ; McGinnis, Ann D. ; McLaughlin, Angela M. ; Weatherby, Raymond ; Tung, Glenn ; Maineiro, Martha ; Camara, Lila ; Cobb, Cindy ; Foley, Susan ; Morrell, Elizabeth ; Romano, Diane ; Guillette, Darlene ; Smith, Wendy ; Aisner, Joseph ; Backer, Murray ; Bramwitt, Mark ; De Caravalho, Victor ; Epstein, Robert ; Joyce, Peggy ; Langenfeld, John E. ; Reinert, Ann ; Team, Research ; DeMarco, Kevin ; Lutzker, Stuart ; Musanti, Rita ; Shiff, Steven ; Wolfsohn, Tammy ; Hudak, Colleen ; Hugill, Andrea ; Furlong, Marisol ; Weslowsky, Elayne ; Carmen, Sharon ; Foster, Denise L. ; Hansen, Kenneth ; Pennetta, Bernadette ; White, Linda V. ; Tokarz, Robert ; Trotta, Maryann ; Birofka, Ana ; Kasales, Claudia J. ; Lewis, Petra J. ; Weaver, John B. ; Lenz, Suzanne B. ; Barrett, Angelica C. ; Dauphinais, Raymond ; Heinz, Jennifer R. ; Siemionko, Matthew K. ; Taplin, Ami Lyn ; Wasson, Lisa Scott ; DeAlmeida, Linda ; Longacre, Sharon ; Meagher, Katherine ; Moser, Carol M. ; Lawlor, John K. ; O'Quinn, Casey ; Krieger Black, Nancy E. ; Bradley, Heather L. ; Bronson, Jill K. ; Cosgrove, Timothy ; Haron, Mark K. ; King, Donna ; Mazuerk, Pamela M. ; O'Donnell, Neil F. ; Pluta, Daniel J. ; Sackett, Terry J. ; Turgeon, Ginette D. ; Albano, Henry ; Bell, Courtney ; Bergen, Jerry ; Bizer, Gail ; Carmichael, Nicole M. ; Cimis, Crista ; Davis, Stephanie ; DeAngelis, Tony ; Fellows, Gail ; Fenton, Charlie ; Ferola, Joy ; Gankiewicz, Nancy ; Hastings, Dorothy ; Howell, Chris ; Johnson, Mary E. ; Krisk, Mary ; Lancor, Heather ; Leary, Christie ; LeBlanc, Maurice ; Leming, Adam ; Leming, Mandie ; Mead, Dawn ; Milacek, Michael ; Mood, Jamie ; Nordstrom, Heidi ; Palazzolo, Carolyn ; Pierce, Jeremy ; Remitz, Richard P. ; Rider, Jessica ; Robbins, Kathleen A. ; Sleasman, Brenda ; Spaulding, Jason ; Vashel, Cam ; Welch, Amie ; White, Linda ; Whitty, Mark ; Williams, Angela M. ; Karellas, Andrew ; Grayson, Leeta ; McCalister-Cross, Carlotta ; Mesquita, Sherri ; Nguyen, Anne ; Myers, Laura N. ; Deaton, Eric ; Maxfield, Sharon ; Thomas, Kevin ; Allen, Pamela ; Brooks, Denise ; Chadwell, Carla ; Couch, Elizabeth ; Horton, Karen M ; Flores, Rubenia ; Francis, Melba ; Landes, Sarah ; Mattingly, Jacinta ; Oechsli, Margaret ; Pitino, Bethany ; Sams, Shawn ; Soukhanova, Olga ; Bland, Priscilla ; Bube, Sheron ; Hoffa, Tricia ; McElsain, Becky ; Johnson, Demetria ; Francow, Cathy ; Johnson, Stephenie ; Senn, Pam ; Horton, Karen M. ; Lawler, Leo P. ; Bradford, Lynne ; Christensen, Gale ; Bishop, Janet ; Motley, Laura ; Mahesh, Mahadevappa ; Stewart, Robin ; Guzman, Carmen ; Blake, Heather Bishop ; Bradford, Holly ; Bradford, Jenna ; Burner, James ; Kasecamp, Jennifer ; Kaufmann, Jennifer Bishop ; Kimball, Daniel ; Lewis, Zipporah ; Moesinger, Sheila ; Walsh, Susan ; Taylor, Karen ; Yung, Rex ; Zeng, Mingying ; Gambill, Greg ; Merrill, Sarah ; Mahesh, Mahadevappa ; Johnson, Elizabeth A. ; Jolies, Howard I. ; Kuzo, Ronald S. ; Morin, Richard L. ; Abaya, Reza ; Chewar, Deborah ; Shwarts, Patricia ; Allen, Susan ; Manning, Shalonda ; Awan, Mary Adams Zafar ; Clinic, Mayo ; Jacksonville ; Beagle, Fla Lisa ; Cape, Dcanna ; Zeiger, Tanya ; Amendolare, Laurie ; Bahr, Noel ; Belyea, Minnetta ; Berg, Tara ; Burkhard, Mia ; Cottrell, Lisa ; BeAngelis, Katherine ; Bvorak, Melanie ; Heather, L. ; Gay, Binnicker ; Hatton, Kelly ; Jacoby, Sharon ; Kennedy, Valene ; Krach, Kathleen ; Laughren, Melissa ; Lavergne, Cindy ; Lawrence, Marsha ; Lynch, Jeannette ; McDonald, Amber ; Mestas, Felix ; Moody, Julie ; O'Brien, Carrie ; Pitts, Janice ; Polding, Brenda ; Richardson, Lindsay ; Robinson, Karen ; Warren, Amy ; Washburn, Holly ; Wilson, Erik ; Zagarra, Luis ; Batton, Karen Mathews ; Chellini, David ; DeWitt, Kathleen ; Fleming, Darlene R. ; Newton-Foster, Christi ; MacDonald, Renee ; Ott, Jennifer ; Peterson, Julie ; Sallas, Michele ; Teepe, Michael ; Thomas, Rachel ; Torrence, Kathy ; Hildestad, Jodi ; Hartman, Thomas E. ; Jett, James R. ; McCollough, Cynthia H. ; Midthun, Bavid E. ; Andrist, Boleyn R. ; Hanson, Nancy E. ; Sathre, Connie L. ; Schroeder, Laura B. ; Sheeran, Jacqueline R. ; Walters, Lana C. ; Andrist, Cynthia L. ; Bungum, Aaron O. ; Bornhorst, Cathy L. ; Beno, Bawn M. ; Krpata, Tami S. ; Lambrecht, Ann M. ; McKey, Christine M. ; Prudoehl, Belores K. ; Richter, Helena R. ; Brisendine, Alan ; Adrales-Bentz, Tricia ; Arnold, Krystal ; Benjamin, Brad ; Bodd, Andrew ; Keller, John ; Saunders, Tamara ; Spicker, Paola ; Shannon, Susan ; Bailey, Laura ; Comer, Hanna ; Espiritu, Joy ; Helwi, Stephanie ; Mack-Pipkin, Brandy ; Tockman, Melvin ; Evans, Beth ; Wadhwa, Nina ; Baptiste, Natalie ; Eysmans, Courtney ; Vera-Gonzalez, Naima ; Hamm, Lori ; Harjani, Veenu ; Sear, Anna ; Blackwell, Susan ; Fernandez, Adys ; Williams, Edwin ; Coleman, Kenneth A. ; Afiat, Jay ; Kirchoff, Lori ; Bowman, Rob ; Brothers, Chris ; Cohen, Barry ; Fields, Nicole ; Guzman, Richard ; Monje, Celeste ; Sterling, Winston ; Thorpe, Loretta ; White, Kevin ; Williams, Buddy ; Nekervis, Erin ; Franco, Andrea ; Glick, Lena ; Grigolo, Marcello ; Harts, Yassminda ; Migo, Arthur ; Rockwell, Kelli P. ; Stein, Adam ; Weyls, Ryan ; Berns, Eric ; Biringer, Michelle T. ; Pino, Angela Del ; Dubbs, Peter ; Fehrmann, Glenna M. ; Goodwin, Alan Lee ; Granger, Loretta ; Haglage, Julie ; Hirschy, Jenny ; King, Mollie ; Kristopher, Jody Wietharn ; Mac, Nicole Matetic ; Mahoney, George ; Markarian, Armen ; Ramirez, Martha ; Taylor, Michael ; West, Kelli M. ; Sullivan, Michael A. ; Matthews, Charles C. ; Jones, Jerome ; Cole, Aura ; Dow, Pamela ; Fearon, Jacqueline ; Fodera, Brent ; Ginther, Barbara ; McCall, Rachel L. ; Williams, Shannon ; Young, Serelda ; Juul, Cristine ; LaFleur, Angele ; Lohmann, Katherine ; Pineda, Lisa ; Schmidt, Alison ; Wright, Shannon ; Greenup, Sheila ; McNulty, Kelly ; Pawlak, Stephanie ; Porter, Heather ; Lanning, Teresa ; Loria, Debra ; Cook, Albert ; Sky, Jo Ann Hall ; Boulos, Anthony ; Dalal, Pritha ; Dickstein, Ben ; DuChateau, Alice ; Engartner, Catherine ; Evans, Dianalyn M. ; Evans, James ; Evans, Kaylene ; Gemmel, Mary ; Hallsky, Sarah ; Hoffman, Phil ; Hritz, Craig ; Kerchum, Lorraine ; Kolich, Mallory ; Kolich, Mark ; Kolich, Melody ; Kumar, Neha ; Lobaugh, Judith ; Love, Cheryl ; Love, Dayna ; Love, Melissa ; Marchese, Maria ; Nelson, Deana ; Petkus, Carrie ; Petruzzi, Marcella ; Raver, Cristina ; Schuler, Erin ; Schuler, Patricia ; Schultz, David ; Kobistek, Robert ; Jackson, Jacqueline ; Ziegler, Johanna ; Fleischer, Jennifer ; Welch, Linda L. ; Acerra, Marian ; Brittain, Beverly ; Conklin, Lisa ; Cyphert, Cindy ; Delfosse, Brenda ; Franceshelli, Leanne ; Fuller, Joan ; Garland, Donna ; Gocala, Peggy J. ; Grunenwald, Mauren ; Kowalik, Diane ; Kurjan, Sharon L. ; Lavernick, Patricia ; Maderitz, Julie ; Metz, Renee ; Quinn, Roberta ; Semansky, Marlene ; Smith, Stacy ; St.Claire, Amy ; Taybus, Pamela ; Wisler, Diana ; Zubena, Karen ; Duda, Catherine ; Kay, Polly ; Trapnell, Patty ; Vlachou, Maria ; Bigby, Brandon B. ; Gallego, Audrey ; Hamm, Gregg ; Spivak, Jill ; Pollard, Maisha ; Brown, Eng ; Campa, Olivia ; Carter, Barbara ; Clark, Sonya ; Flores, Marvin ; Ho, Judy ; Lee, Tracy ; Lewis, Barbara ; McMahon, Janie ; Momongan, Lea ; Ngo, Julie ; Perryman, Adele ; Rivas, Nicole ; Romo, Christina ; Sookpisal, Kanistha ; Stone, Lily ; Voight, Barbara ; Williams, Carleaner ; Adams, Kellyn ; Do, Phi ; Engber, Kerry ; Henry, Leslie ; Khalili, Michael ; Morales, Sandy ; O'Carroll, Chelsea ; Quijano, Jade ; Borgheian, Shiva ; Inatomi, Roger ; Lorenzo, Alfonso ; Lorenzo, Dinah ; Nyborg, Glen ; Salazar, Vinis ; Woo, Michael ; Beck, Paige ; Beerman, Paula ; Jacobsen, Jean ; Voight, Kathleen ; Allman, Erich ; Chen, Sabrina ; Farkas, Cristina ; Forter, Isabelle ; Marcus, Paul ; Matthews, Lonna ; Phillips, Roxana ; Silva-Gietzen, Jessica ; Sturgeon, Erica ; Varner, Gina ; Mullen, Brian ; Stanford, William ; Hoffman, Eric ; Sprenger, Kim ; Chapman, Andrea ; Crawford, Kaylene ; Marietta, Jacquie ; Kmetty, Leslie ; Meier, Jackie ; Pirotte, Phyllis ; Rathmell, Laurie ; Hudson, Melissa ; Sieren, Jered ; Cronin, Paul ; Gross, Barry ; Kelly, Aine ; Patel, Smita ; Pernicano, Perry ; Holloway, Lisa ; Chalom, Gwen ; Henricks, Eric ; Pool, Jim ; Shepherd, Diane ; Zapolski, Deanna ; Goodsitt, Mitch ; Hooks, Hope ; Gefter, Warren ; Lynn Werner, D. ; Smith, Catherine E. ; Choi, Byung Kun ; Lee, Joon K. ; Holland, Christine ; Matuza, Jacqueline ; Nosker, Hilary C. ; Russell, William ; Cupp, Scott ; O'Shea, Michael ; Munden, Reginald ; Cates, Melissa ; Sanchez, Eric ; Aganon-Acheta, Michelle ; Black, Michael ; Blalock, Dalphany ; Brown, Cynthia ; Cromwell, Hattie ; Dunnington, Joel ; Erasmus, Jeremy ; Gladish, Gregory ; Gupta, Sanjay ; Haynes, Michelle Wann ; Hensley, Thomas ; Iyer, Revathy B. ; Madewell, John ; Malbari, Tamim ; Marom, Edith M. ; Morice, Rodolfo ; Rao, Sujaya ; Sabloff, Bradley ; Scully, Natalie F. ; Tekchandani, Sangeeta ; Truong, Mylene ; Wicks, Danielle ; Geiser, William R. ; Montague, Jerry L. ; Patel, Minesh ; Robinson, Tonda ; Donnelly, Edwin F. ; Thielke, Elizabeth ; Bell, Allie M. ; Pickens, David R. ; Bowman, Walter Allen ; Herron, Tina ; Shone, Dawn ; Chin, Brian ; Chen, Michael ; Harmon, Lisa ; Hinshaw, Lisa ; Nelson, Carolyn ; Biracree, Donna ; Boyles, Denise ; Burrough, Anne ; Davis, Amanda ; Drake, Elliott ; Frost, Eileen ; Long, Ashley ; Bowman, Elaine ; Dyer, Susanna. / The national lung screening trial : Overview and study design. In: Radiology. 2011 ; Vol. 258, No. 1. pp. 243-253.
@article{e8497c0fa6f04739bb9d3c0461120547,
title = "The national lung screening trial: Overview and study design",
abstract = "The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) is a randomized multicenter study comparing low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) with chest radiography in the screening of older current and former heavy smokers for early detection of lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Five-year survival rates approach 70{\%} with surgical resection of stage IA disease; however, more than 75{\%} of individuals have incurable locally advanced or metastatic disease, the latter having a 5-year survival of less than 5{\%}. It is plausible that treatment should be more effective and the likelihood of death decreased if asymptomatic lung cancer is detected through screening early enough in its preclinical phase. For these reasons, there is intense interest and intuitive appeal in lung cancer screening with low-dose CT. The use of survival as the determinant of screening effectiveness is, however, confounded by the well-described biases of lead time, length, and overdiagnosis. Despite previous attempts, no test has been shown to reduce lung cancer mortality, an endpoint that circumvents screening biases and provides a definitive measure of benefit when assessed in a randomized controlled trial that enables comparison of mortality rates between screened individuals and a control group that does not undergo the screening intervention of interest. The NLST is such a trial. The rationale for and design of the NLST are presented.",
author = "Gatsonis, {Constantine A.} and Aberle, {Denise R.} and Berg, {Christine D.} and Black, {William C.} and Church, {Timothy R.} and Fagerstrom, {Richard M.} and Barbara Galen and Gareen, {Ilana F.} and Jonathan Goldin and Gohagan, {John K.} and Bruce Hillman and Carl Jaffe and Kramer, {Barnett S.} and David Lynch and Marcus, {Pamela M.} and Mitchell Schnall and Sullivan, {Daniel C.} and Dorothy Sullivan and Zylak, {Carl J.} and Christopher Cagnon and Dianna Cody and Glenn Fletcher and Flynn, {Michael J.} and Judy, {Philip F.} and Randell Kruger and Larke, {Frederick J.} and Michael McNitt-Gray and Thomas Payne and {Anthony Seibert}, J. and Xizeng Wu and Gerald Abbott and Amorosa, {Judith K.} and Barr, {Richard G.} and Boiselle, {Phillip M.} and Caroline Chiles and Robert Clark and Lynn Coppage and Robert Falk and Fishman, {Elliot K} and David Gemmel and Goldin, {Jonathan G.} and Eric Goodman and Hart, {Eric M.} and Todd Hazelton and Elizabeth Johnson and Ella Kazerooni and Barbara McComb and Geoffrey McLennan and Munden, {Reginald F.} and James Ravenel and Michael Sullivan and Swensen, {Stephen J.} and Torigian, {Drew A.} and Vydareny, {Kay H.} and Worrell, {John A.} and Peter Balkin and Mona Fouad and Freedman, {Matthew T.} and Kavita Garg and Gelmann, {Edward P.} and Gierada, {David S.} and William Hocking and Subbarao Inampudi and Claudine Isaacs and Paul Kvale and Howard Mann and William Manor and Hrudaya Nath and Douglas Reding and Spizarny, {David L.} and Strollo, {Diane C.} and John Waltz and Chen, {Mei Hsiu} and Fenghai Duan and Grant Izmirilian and Paul Pinsky and Prorok, {Philip C.} and Miller, {Anthony B.} and Edelman, {Martin J.} and Evans, {William K.} and Fontana, {Robert S.} and Mitchell Machtay and Clark, {Kenneth W.} and Clingan, {Kathy L.} and Ford, {Melissa B.} and Guillermo M{\'a}rquez and Moore, {Steven M.} and Peter Ohan and Payne, {Thomas J.} and Steven Peace and Rosenbaum, {Jennifer L.} and Richard Barr and William Black and Drew Torigian and Kay Vydareny and John Worrell and Young, {Robert C.} and David Alberts and David DeMets and Peter Greenwald and Paula Jacobs and McLoud, {Theresa C.} and Naidich, {David P.} and James Tatum and Sausville, {Edward A.} and Wylie Burke and Gene Colice and Brenda Edwards and Scott Emerson and John Fletcher and Sylvan Green and Russell Harris and Klein, {Jeffrey S.} and Korn, {Edward L.} and Baylin, {Stephen B} and Selby, {Joe V.} and Sturges, {David W.} and Turnbull, {Bruce W.} and Watson, {Thomas J.} and Stephen Baylin and Neil Caporaso and Philip Dennis and Steve Dubinett and Wilbur Franklin and William Grizzle and Fred Hirsch and Pierre Massion and Kathy McKeeta-Frobeck and John Minna and Edward Patz and Margaret Spitz and Berg, {Christine B.} and Donald Corle and Ping Hu and Grant Izmirlian and Jennifer Gaegler and Susan Hoffman and Charles Jackson and Erin Lange and Evanthia Papadopoulos and Constantine Gatsonis and Iiana Gareen and Charles Apgar and Anna Boyle and Tom Caldwell and Nancy Fredericks and Deborah Harbison and Donna Hartfeil and Sharon Jones and Steve King and Irene Mahon and Rosa Medina and Cindy Masiejczyk and Peter Zamora and Hank Brastater and Vish Iyer and Jincy George and Dinakar Gopalakrishnan and Patricia Blair and Michael Bradley and Cheryl Crozier and Maria Oh and Nicole Spiese and Chris Steward and Mary Kelly-Truran and Tess Thompson and Erin Cunningham and Anthony Levering and Kathleen McMurtrie and Michael Nahill and Sharlene Snowden and Kesha Smith and Fraser Wilton and Timothy Welsh and Rex Welsh and Wendell Christie and Stephanie Clabo and Roberta Clune and Natalie Cunningham and Jamie Downs and Lindsey Dymond and Julianne Falcone and Shani Harris and Pamela Harvey and Jane Hill and Laura Hill and Donna Letizia and Kendrick Looney and Hugh McGinley and Angelee Mean and Marcella Moore and Ryan Norton and Valentina Ortico and Sophia Sabina and Robert Sole and Stetz, {Jo Ann} and Arnold Ssali and John Stubblefield and Tina Taylor and Shovonna White and Bo Lu and Amanda Adams and Sarah Baum and Meridith Blevins and Patricia Fox and Vincent Girardi and Jeremy Gorelick and Edward Hunt and Quentin McMullen and Karthikeyan Meganathan and Regina Rendas-Baum and Sicks, {Jo Rean D} and Bradley Snyder and Melanie Yeh and Maryann Duggan and Cheryl Souza and Jack Cahill and Brewer, {Brenda K.} and Barbara O'Brien and Gillian Devereux and Fritz, {Melissa S.} and Miriam Galbraith and Judith Harkins and Keating, {Kristen J.} and Kirk Midkiff and Usha Singh and Thea Zimmerman and Nancy Payte and Helen Price and Clifford Caughman and Ramachandra Chanapatna and Mike Florzyk and Annabelle Lee and Alan Morgan and Jennifer Yang and {Ellen Martinusen}, L. and June McSwain and Rhonda Rosario and Jagdish Singh and DeBaugh, {R. Adam} and Sharan Campleman and Mary Mesnard and Lawrence Ragard and Terry Lewis and Roberts, {Lois M.} and Vijayasri Narayanaswami and Vanessa Ralda and William Lake and Thomas Riley and Clapp, {Jonathan B.} and Joe Austin and Brian Irons and Xu, {Fang F.} and Jones, {Gordon C.} and Michael Young and Andrew Goodman and Crissy Kibic and Patricia Sheridan and Nancy Kadish and Denise Moline and Rachel Phillips and Michele Adkinson and David Creed and Tammy DeCoste and Debbie Gembala and Sally Hurst and Elizabeth King and Joy Knowles and Pamela McBride and Patricia Pangburn and Judy Preston and Karen Stokes and Patricia Tesch and Susan Wenmoth and Linda Galocy and Deanna Mandley and Gail Orvis and Alphonso Dial and Letitia Clark and Lawrence Cohen and Joanne Gerber and Carlos Jamis-Dow and Erini Makariou and Ed Smith and Amy Garrett and Colleen McGuire and Sarah Neff and Tara Riley and Sara Cantrell and Glynis Marsh and Chrispina Wray and Baigalmaa Yondonsambuu and Ulander Giles and Morgan Ford and Venus Brown and Evangelista, {Amy Lita} and Tiffanie Hammond and Jillian Nickel and Michael Brangan and Michele Lee and Cindy Lin and Elanor Adkins and George Armah and Christopher Blue and Venetia Cooke and Natalie Gray and Marianna Gustitis and Lakisha Hawkins and Grace Isaacs and Mimi Kim and Malcolm King and Kanya Kumbalasiri and Robin Laura and Kelly McDaniel and Alem Mulugeta and Leroy Riley and Shane Sorrell and William Thomas and Lisa Woodard and Johnson, {Christine Cole} and Martin Tammemagi and David Spizarny and Carl Zylak and Michael Flynn and Sen, {Gordon Jacob} and Steadman Sankey and Lonni Schultz and Kalin Albertsen and Karen Broski and Gena Kucera and Kathleen Poler and Cheryl Spoutz-Ryan and Dawn Thomas and Evangeline Griesemer and Bonnie Kwit and Patricia Fantuz and Beth McLellan and Dawn Simmons and Yasmeen Hafeez and Noel Maddy and Davis, {La Tonja} and Rodkise Estell and Susanne Kozakowski and Jennifer Rowe and Merideth Stanley and Xiuli Zhang and Frebes, {Mary Ellen} and Margaret Paquette and Mirjana Tecmire and Laura Young and Deborah Greene and Cynthia Hill and Kathleen Young and Karen Bellware and Kay Bohn and Nancy Caird and Helen Fink and Sandra Fiarman and Melissa Houston and Ann Jolly and Carissa Krzeczkowski and Cynthia Mack and Lakeshia Murray and Anna Nanovski and Debra Rempinski and Heather Tumberlinson and Debbie William and Eleace Eldridge-Smith and Vanessa Graves and Nora Szabo and John Crump and Randall Kruger and Robert Greenlee and Karen Lappe and Deb Multerer and Denise Kriescher and Amy Vieth and Sheila Wein and Dawn Fuehrer and Christine Gjertson and June Krebsbach and Craig Kuhlka and Karen Luttrop and Judy Netzer and Jean Wegner and Virginia Fischer and Kay Mathiesen-Viergutz and Karen Kofka and Nikki Jablonsky and Brooke Johnson and Terrie Kitchner and Lin Mueller and Amy Rueth and Shirley Wachholz and Kari Bohman and Marilyn Bruger and Kramer, {Kari Ranae} and Katie Kuenhold and Camille Mueller and Cathy Mueller and Laura Multerer and Sue Zahradka and Janan Alkilidar and Nandita Bhattacharjee and Christopher Cangelosi and Robert Carlson and Alon Coppens and Margo Cousins and Barry Edelstein and Kristin Gerndt and Jeffrey Heffernon and Thomas Hinke and Mark Hinson and Lawrence Hutchins and Kristin Lieberman and Gerald Mulligan and Emmanuel Omoba and Todd Risa and John Sheflin and Tim Swan and John Warner and Alan Williams and Lance Yokochi and Roy Adaniya and Karen Glanz and James Navin and Vicki Shambaugh and Frank Tabrah and Bradley Willcox and Paulette Williams and Qimei He and Victoria Jenkins and Kathleen Bow and Jean Tsukamoto and Shirleen Hyun and Ed Brown and Howard Morrow and Kimberly Stryker and Helene Shiratori and Peggy Lau and Bonna Au and Wendy Francis and Liz Bolan and Jazman Brooke and Marilyn Calulot and Victoria Chun and Kathryn Rabanal and Joy Tani and Cheryl Lewis and June Morfit and Amy Brunst and Louisa Turner and Gladys Hino and Anne Chung and Constance Elbon-Copp and William Huynh and Myrle Johnson and Esther Nakano and Lilian Villaruz and Fouad, {Mona N.} and Bailey, {William C.} and Robert Garver and Dale Brawner and Ian Malcomb and Desiree Morgan and Sanders, {Patricia C.} and Arthur Sandy and Martin Schwartz and Satinder Singh and Mark Dransfield and Darlene Higgins and Alisha Moore and Aras Acemgil and Tony Blake and Jing Lee and Sam Quattlebaum and Julie Schach and Tawny Martin and Rekha Khatri and Wahied Gendi and Beverly Powell and Carolyn Johnson and Julie Sears and Shari Jordan and Vicki Prayer and Carole Walker and Mel Johnson and Joanice Thompson and {David Crawford}, E. and Paul Bunn and Eduard Gamito and Sheryl Ogden and Shannon Pretzel and Lauren Ramsay and Carol Vaughn and Cheri Whiton and Donna Sammons and Laura Springhetti and Sally Tenorio and Nichoie Cadez and Sydney Laster and Colin O'Donnell and Joe Hughes and Livingston, {Jennifer Garcia} and Garry Morrison and Wendy Moss and Merri Mullennix and Marissa Peters and Hakan Sahin and Meredith Slear and Mike Burek and Carolyn Hill and Emily Jewitt and Ryan Pena and Eda Ordonez and Gina Sammons and Jhenny Hernandez and Alejandra Reyes and Analisa Somoza and Martin Oken and Beborah Bay and Kevin Edelman and Tammy Fox and Scott Gaerte and Karla Myra-Bloom and Michael Plunkett and Frederick Olson and Paul Rust and Lisa Schneider and Beverly Trombley and Thomas Vahey and Ann Bangerter and Terri David-Schlegel and Donna DesMarais and Sue Frederickson and Mindy Geisser and Natalya Portnov and Greg Silverman and Frank Stahan and Simone Vuong and Gavin Watt and Joe Woodside and Aaron Zirbes and Sophie Breer and Cheri Haselhuhn and Cathy Longden and Candace Mueller and Marianne Rice and Deb Warren and Susan Collins and Stephanie Levi and Janet Manual and Lea Matous and Phyllis Olsson and Sue Peterson and Christopher Rogers and Steele, {Mary Lynn} and Patty Beckmann and Linda Jurjans and Shirley Terrian and Sally Fraki and Martha Fronheiser and Linda Heinrichs and Deb Kirby and Jackie Seivert and Carol Steinberg and Marge Watry and Karen Boyle and Andrew Burnside and Renae Kiffmeyer and Wendy Mosiman and Angie Bailey and Pamela Byrnes and Laura Stark and Mary Weston and Dawn Whistler and Jill Cordes and Deb Engelhard and Jackie Becker and Peggy Bradley and Jim Fisher and Heather McLaughlin and Mendez, {Ana Maria} and Deanna Miller and Rosalie Ronan and Brad Siga and Weissfeld, {Joel L.} and Salerno, {Mark B.} and Jeffrey Schragin and Diane Strollo and Warfel, {Thomas E.} and Wolfe, {Patrick W.} and Antico, {Dominick A.} and Bee, {Matthew T.} and Bittner, {Donald F.} and Corey, {William T.} and Hawkins, {Robert A.} and Herbick, {William T.} and Karwat, {Mukesh F.} and Leonard, {Kevin J.} and Petrochko, {Constantine N.} and Pickering, {Scott F.} and Smart, {Paul E.} and Walters, {Phyllis J.} and Zehner, {Jane A.} and Karen Augustine and Sue Misko and Monica Richel and Riley, {Mary Alyce} and Linda Warren and Kathy McDonough and Beverly Rozanok and Juanita Helms and Peggy Olson and Steve Uttecht and Mike Wirth and Roni Atkins and Lisa Clement and Deb Gurtner and Laura Jones and Buys, {Saundra S.} and Ralph Drosten and Kathleen Murray and Kenneth Nowers and Peter Jenkins and Dave Tripp and Gabe Herron and {Van Stam}, Eduard and Julie Varner and Karen O'Toole and Cassie Olson and Derek Omori and Adriane Andersen and Neil Argyle and Jennifer Avrin and Jennifer Bacon and Mark Broschinsky and Chani Montalbo and Kimberly Nolan and Anne Randall and Karen Schleip and Sheltra, {Scott J.} and Roger Tischner and Christopher Toyn and Kyle Turner and Brianne Whittaker and Eddy Wicklander and Jacob Wolf and Cherie Baiton and Briar Doi and Jeff Childs and Lisa Gren and Darcy Watson and Tony Jones and Bruce Neilson and Hector Ahumada and Hassan Bourija and Christine Brown and Barbara Ferris and Leanne Hadfield and Kylee Hansen and Jeffrey Koford and Sally Kopesec and Amy Lloyd and Mindy Lofthouse and Saeed Matinkhah and Virginia May and Shanna Nichols and Alesis Nieves and Misty Oviatt and Nicole Richardson and Rowley, {Angela Lee} and Ellen Sandberg and {Dave Scholl}, Shauna and Lyn Seguin and David Shea and Suzanne Smith and Street, {Patricia Ann} and Mareie Walters and Ralph Weiben and Lynly Wilcox and Ray Zisumbo and Beck, {Thomas M.} and Waltz, {John S.} and Shane Ball and Burt, {Todd B.} and Daniel, {Elaine N.} and DeMordaunt, {Quinn A.} and Fisher, {Michael T.} and Fuchs, {Michael A.} and Hubler, {Bruce E.} and Jennings, {Chris J.} and Lane, {Richard H.} and Leymaster, {Craig E.} and Macey, {Loren C.} and Marx, {Steven V.} and Maxwell, {James R.} and Nelson, {Brent B.} and Jeff Fairbanks and Bonita Wohlers and Jill Heinz and Kathy Berreth and Randy Marshall and Jerry Brekke and Kelly Jones and Amber Barrow and Douglas Bashford and Barry Clot and Troy Cook and Leslie Dobson and Andrea Hamilton-Foss and William Hanson and Hyder, {Jan E.} and Cindy Lewis-Burke and Stacey Mitchell and Marlea Osterhout and Karen Patella and Phillip Peterson and Sandra Schornak-Curtis and Lisa Sirianni and Larry Stoller and Korinna Vigeant and Cheryl Whistle and Jeff Yates and Gerald Andriole and {Claire Anderson}, D. and Sanjeev Bhalla and Bierhals, {Andrew J.} and Jason Bronfman and Glazer, {Harvey S.} and Gutierrez, {Fernando R.} and Guillermo Geisse and Kotner, {Lawrence M.} and Cylen Javidan-Nejad and Kianoush Rezai and Sagel, {Stuart S.} and Semenkovich, {Janice W.} and Siegel, {Marilyn J.} and Dallas Sorrel and Woodard, {Pamela K.} and David Engelhart and Robin Haverman and Angela Campbell and Vivien Gardner and Danielle Gherardini and Lynn Hoese and Ruth Holdener and Louise Ledbetter and Patricia Nieters and Cynthia Reiners and Jeanine Wade and Mary Wiseman and Patricia Rueweler and Rochelle Williams and David Chi and Tim Budd and Janise Webb and Celia Stolin and Kathy Garrett and Elizabeth Fleming and Elaine Freesmeier and Jennifer Frye and Deborah Graham and Helen Kaemmerer and Nevilles, {Jo Ann} and Kathy Taylor and James Blaine and Kenneth Clark and David Gierada and Paul Koppel and David Maffitt and Stephen Moore and Joan Molton and Stanley Phillips and Fred Prior and Mary Wolfsberger and Angela Cosas and Sooah Kim and Miyoung Kim and Yuting Liang and Thomas Pilgram and Amy Haas and Divine Hartwell and Dana Roeshe and Adelheid Lowery and Shelly Meese and Kate Naughton and Roberta Yoffie and Kirk Smith and Richard Schwartzstein and Lin, {Pei Jan P} and Parritt, {Tim A.} and Grady, {Elisabeth A.} and Lisa Damon and Sharon Gard and Robin Griggs and Alexis Potemkin and Pollock, {Mary M.} and Clellan, {Sara Mc} and Melissa Laron and Tamara Owens and Philip Costello and Jacobson, {Francine L.} and Hunsaker, {Andetta R.} and Spirn, {Paul W.} and Beatrice Trotman-Bickenson and Christopoulos, {Voula E.} and Kazda, {Ivana K.} and MacDougall, {Regina C.} and Annmarie Walsh and Nawfel, {Richard D.} and Robert Berger and Pearl Chan and Mark Delano and Jeffrey Geiger and Carl Krinopol and McGinnis, {Ann D.} and McLaughlin, {Angela M.} and Raymond Weatherby and Glenn Tung and Martha Maineiro and Lila Camara and Cindy Cobb and Susan Foley and Elizabeth Morrell and Diane Romano and Darlene Guillette and Wendy Smith and Joseph Aisner and Murray Backer and Mark Bramwitt and {De Caravalho}, Victor and Robert Epstein and Peggy Joyce and Langenfeld, {John E.} and Ann Reinert and Research Team and Kevin DeMarco and Stuart Lutzker and Rita Musanti and Steven Shiff and Tammy Wolfsohn and Colleen Hudak and Andrea Hugill and Marisol Furlong and Elayne Weslowsky and Sharon Carmen and Foster, {Denise L.} and Kenneth Hansen and Bernadette Pennetta and White, {Linda V.} and Robert Tokarz and Maryann Trotta and Ana Birofka and Kasales, {Claudia J.} and Lewis, {Petra J.} and Weaver, {John B.} and Lenz, {Suzanne B.} and Barrett, {Angelica C.} and Raymond Dauphinais and Heinz, {Jennifer R.} and Siemionko, {Matthew K.} and Taplin, {Ami Lyn} and Wasson, {Lisa Scott} and Linda DeAlmeida and Sharon Longacre and Katherine Meagher and Moser, {Carol M.} and Lawlor, {John K.} and Casey O'Quinn and {Krieger Black}, {Nancy E.} and Bradley, {Heather L.} and Bronson, {Jill K.} and Timothy Cosgrove and Haron, {Mark K.} and Donna King and Mazuerk, {Pamela M.} and O'Donnell, {Neil F.} and Pluta, {Daniel J.} and Sackett, {Terry J.} and Turgeon, {Ginette D.} and Henry Albano and Courtney Bell and Jerry Bergen and Gail Bizer and Carmichael, {Nicole M.} and Crista Cimis and Stephanie Davis and Tony DeAngelis and Gail Fellows and Charlie Fenton and Joy Ferola and Nancy Gankiewicz and Dorothy Hastings and Chris Howell and Johnson, {Mary E.} and Mary Krisk and Heather Lancor and Christie Leary and Maurice LeBlanc and Adam Leming and Mandie Leming and Dawn Mead and Michael Milacek and Jamie Mood and Heidi Nordstrom and Carolyn Palazzolo and Jeremy Pierce and Remitz, {Richard P.} and Jessica Rider and Robbins, {Kathleen A.} and Brenda Sleasman and Jason Spaulding and Cam Vashel and Amie Welch and Linda White and Mark Whitty and Williams, {Angela M.} and Andrew Karellas and Leeta Grayson and Carlotta McCalister-Cross and Sherri Mesquita and Anne Nguyen and Myers, {Laura N.} and Eric Deaton and Sharon Maxfield and Kevin Thomas and Pamela Allen and Denise Brooks and Carla Chadwell and Elizabeth Couch and Horton, {Karen M} and Rubenia Flores and Melba Francis and Sarah Landes and Jacinta Mattingly and Margaret Oechsli and Bethany Pitino and Shawn Sams and Olga Soukhanova and Priscilla Bland and Sheron Bube and Tricia Hoffa and Becky McElsain and Demetria Johnson and Cathy Francow and Stephenie Johnson and Pam Senn and Horton, {Karen M.} and Lawler, {Leo P.} and Lynne Bradford and Gale Christensen and Janet Bishop and Laura Motley and Mahadevappa Mahesh and Robin Stewart and Carmen Guzman and Blake, {Heather Bishop} and Holly Bradford and Jenna Bradford and James Burner and Jennifer Kasecamp and Kaufmann, {Jennifer Bishop} and Daniel Kimball and Zipporah Lewis and Sheila Moesinger and Susan Walsh and Karen Taylor and Rex Yung and Mingying Zeng and Greg Gambill and Sarah Merrill and Mahadevappa Mahesh and Johnson, {Elizabeth A.} and Jolies, {Howard I.} and Kuzo, {Ronald S.} and Morin, {Richard L.} and Reza Abaya and Deborah Chewar and Patricia Shwarts and Susan Allen and Shalonda Manning and Awan, {Mary Adams Zafar} and Mayo Clinic and Jacksonville and Beagle, {Fla Lisa} and Dcanna Cape and Tanya Zeiger and Laurie Amendolare and Noel Bahr and Minnetta Belyea and Tara Berg and Mia Burkhard and Lisa Cottrell and Katherine BeAngelis and Melanie Bvorak and L. Heather and Binnicker Gay and Kelly Hatton and Sharon Jacoby and Valene Kennedy and Kathleen Krach and Melissa Laughren and Cindy Lavergne and Marsha Lawrence and Jeannette Lynch and Amber McDonald and Felix Mestas and Julie Moody and Carrie O'Brien and Janice Pitts and Brenda Polding and Lindsay Richardson and Karen Robinson and Amy Warren and Holly Washburn and Erik Wilson and Luis Zagarra and Batton, {Karen Mathews} and David Chellini and Kathleen DeWitt and Fleming, {Darlene R.} and Christi Newton-Foster and Renee MacDonald and Jennifer Ott and Julie Peterson and Michele Sallas and Michael Teepe and Rachel Thomas and Kathy Torrence and Jodi Hildestad and Hartman, {Thomas E.} and Jett, {James R.} and McCollough, {Cynthia H.} and Midthun, {Bavid E.} and Andrist, {Boleyn R.} and Hanson, {Nancy E.} and Sathre, {Connie L.} and Schroeder, {Laura B.} and Sheeran, {Jacqueline R.} and Walters, {Lana C.} and Andrist, {Cynthia L.} and Bungum, {Aaron O.} and Bornhorst, {Cathy L.} and Beno, {Bawn M.} and Krpata, {Tami S.} and Lambrecht, {Ann M.} and McKey, {Christine M.} and Prudoehl, {Belores K.} and Richter, {Helena R.} and Alan Brisendine and Tricia Adrales-Bentz and Krystal Arnold and Brad Benjamin and Andrew Bodd and John Keller and Tamara Saunders and Paola Spicker and Susan Shannon and Laura Bailey and Hanna Comer and Joy Espiritu and Stephanie Helwi and Brandy Mack-Pipkin and Melvin Tockman and Beth Evans and Nina Wadhwa and Natalie Baptiste and Courtney Eysmans and Naima Vera-Gonzalez and Lori Hamm and Veenu Harjani and Anna Sear and Susan Blackwell and Adys Fernandez and Edwin Williams and Coleman, {Kenneth A.} and Jay Afiat and Lori Kirchoff and Rob Bowman and Chris Brothers and Barry Cohen and Nicole Fields and Richard Guzman and Celeste Monje and Winston Sterling and Loretta Thorpe and Kevin White and Buddy Williams and Erin Nekervis and Andrea Franco and Lena Glick and Marcello Grigolo and Yassminda Harts and Arthur Migo and Rockwell, {Kelli P.} and Adam Stein and Ryan Weyls and Eric Berns and Biringer, {Michelle T.} and Pino, {Angela Del} and Peter Dubbs and Fehrmann, {Glenna M.} and Goodwin, {Alan Lee} and Loretta Granger and Julie Haglage and Jenny Hirschy and Mollie King and Kristopher, {Jody Wietharn} and Mac, {Nicole Matetic} and George Mahoney and Armen Markarian and Martha Ramirez and Michael Taylor and West, {Kelli M.} and Sullivan, {Michael A.} and Matthews, {Charles C.} and Jerome Jones and Aura Cole and Pamela Dow and Jacqueline Fearon and Brent Fodera and Barbara Ginther and McCall, {Rachel L.} and Shannon Williams and Serelda Young and Cristine Juul and Angele LaFleur and Katherine Lohmann and Lisa Pineda and Alison Schmidt and Shannon Wright and Sheila Greenup and Kelly McNulty and Stephanie Pawlak and Heather Porter and Teresa Lanning and Debra Loria and Albert Cook and Sky, {Jo Ann Hall} and Anthony Boulos and Pritha Dalal and Ben Dickstein and Alice DuChateau and Catherine Engartner and Evans, {Dianalyn M.} and James Evans and Kaylene Evans and Mary Gemmel and Sarah Hallsky and Phil Hoffman and Craig Hritz and Lorraine Kerchum and Mallory Kolich and Mark Kolich and Melody Kolich and Neha Kumar and Judith Lobaugh and Cheryl Love and Dayna Love and Melissa Love and Maria Marchese and Deana Nelson and Carrie Petkus and Marcella Petruzzi and Cristina Raver and Erin Schuler and Patricia Schuler and David Schultz and Robert Kobistek and Jacqueline Jackson and Johanna Ziegler and Jennifer Fleischer and Welch, {Linda L.} and Marian Acerra and Beverly Brittain and Lisa Conklin and Cindy Cyphert and Brenda Delfosse and Leanne Franceshelli and Joan Fuller and Donna Garland and Gocala, {Peggy J.} and Mauren Grunenwald and Diane Kowalik and Kurjan, {Sharon L.} and Patricia Lavernick and Julie Maderitz and Renee Metz and Roberta Quinn and Marlene Semansky and Stacy Smith and Amy St.Claire and Pamela Taybus and Diana Wisler and Karen Zubena and Catherine Duda and Polly Kay and Patty Trapnell and Maria Vlachou and Bigby, {Brandon B.} and Audrey Gallego and Gregg Hamm and Jill Spivak and Maisha Pollard and Eng Brown and Olivia Campa and Barbara Carter and Sonya Clark and Marvin Flores and Judy Ho and Tracy Lee and Barbara Lewis and Janie McMahon and Lea Momongan and Julie Ngo and Adele Perryman and Nicole Rivas and Christina Romo and Kanistha Sookpisal and Lily Stone and Barbara Voight and Carleaner Williams and Kellyn Adams and Phi Do and Kerry Engber and Leslie Henry and Michael Khalili and Sandy Morales and Chelsea O'Carroll and Jade Quijano and Shiva Borgheian and Roger Inatomi and Alfonso Lorenzo and Dinah Lorenzo and Glen Nyborg and Vinis Salazar and Michael Woo and Paige Beck and Paula Beerman and Jean Jacobsen and Kathleen Voight and Erich Allman and Sabrina Chen and Cristina Farkas and Isabelle Forter and Paul Marcus and Lonna Matthews and Roxana Phillips and Jessica Silva-Gietzen and Erica Sturgeon and Gina Varner and Brian Mullen and William Stanford and Eric Hoffman and Kim Sprenger and Andrea Chapman and Kaylene Crawford and Jacquie Marietta and Leslie Kmetty and Jackie Meier and Phyllis Pirotte and Laurie Rathmell and Melissa Hudson and Jered Sieren and Paul Cronin and Barry Gross and Aine Kelly and Smita Patel and Perry Pernicano and Lisa Holloway and Gwen Chalom and Eric Henricks and Jim Pool and Diane Shepherd and Deanna Zapolski and Mitch Goodsitt and Hope Hooks and Warren Gefter and {Lynn Werner}, D. and Smith, {Catherine E.} and Choi, {Byung Kun} and Lee, {Joon K.} and Christine Holland and Jacqueline Matuza and Nosker, {Hilary C.} and William Russell and Scott Cupp and Michael O'Shea and Reginald Munden and Melissa Cates and Eric Sanchez and Michelle Aganon-Acheta and Michael Black and Dalphany Blalock and Cynthia Brown and Hattie Cromwell and Joel Dunnington and Jeremy Erasmus and Gregory Gladish and Sanjay Gupta and Haynes, {Michelle Wann} and Thomas Hensley and Iyer, {Revathy B.} and John Madewell and Tamim Malbari and Marom, {Edith M.} and Rodolfo Morice and Sujaya Rao and Bradley Sabloff and Scully, {Natalie F.} and Sangeeta Tekchandani and Mylene Truong and Danielle Wicks and Geiser, {William R.} and Montague, {Jerry L.} and Minesh Patel and Tonda Robinson and Donnelly, {Edwin F.} and Elizabeth Thielke and Bell, {Allie M.} and Pickens, {David R.} and Bowman, {Walter Allen} and Tina Herron and Dawn Shone and Brian Chin and Michael Chen and Lisa Harmon and Lisa Hinshaw and Carolyn Nelson and Donna Biracree and Denise Boyles and Anne Burrough and Amanda Davis and Elliott Drake and Eileen Frost and Ashley Long and Elaine Bowman and Susanna Dyer",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1148/radiol.10091808",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "258",
pages = "243--253",
journal = "Radiology",
issn = "0033-8419",
publisher = "Radiological Society of North America Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The national lung screening trial

T2 - Overview and study design

AU - Gatsonis, Constantine A.

AU - Aberle, Denise R.

AU - Berg, Christine D.

AU - Black, William C.

AU - Church, Timothy R.

AU - Fagerstrom, Richard M.

AU - Galen, Barbara

AU - Gareen, Ilana F.

AU - Goldin, Jonathan

AU - Gohagan, John K.

AU - Hillman, Bruce

AU - Jaffe, Carl

AU - Kramer, Barnett S.

AU - Lynch, David

AU - Marcus, Pamela M.

AU - Schnall, Mitchell

AU - Sullivan, Daniel C.

AU - Sullivan, Dorothy

AU - Zylak, Carl J.

AU - Cagnon, Christopher

AU - Cody, Dianna

AU - Fletcher, Glenn

AU - Flynn, Michael J.

AU - Judy, Philip F.

AU - Kruger, Randell

AU - Larke, Frederick J.

AU - McNitt-Gray, Michael

AU - Payne, Thomas

AU - Anthony Seibert, J.

AU - Wu, Xizeng

AU - Abbott, Gerald

AU - Amorosa, Judith K.

AU - Barr, Richard G.

AU - Boiselle, Phillip M.

AU - Chiles, Caroline

AU - Clark, Robert

AU - Coppage, Lynn

AU - Falk, Robert

AU - Fishman, Elliot K

AU - Gemmel, David

AU - Goldin, Jonathan G.

AU - Goodman, Eric

AU - Hart, Eric M.

AU - Hazelton, Todd

AU - Johnson, Elizabeth

AU - Kazerooni, Ella

AU - McComb, Barbara

AU - McLennan, Geoffrey

AU - Munden, Reginald F.

AU - Ravenel, James

AU - Sullivan, Michael

AU - Swensen, Stephen J.

AU - Torigian, Drew A.

AU - Vydareny, Kay H.

AU - Worrell, John A.

AU - Balkin, Peter

AU - Fouad, Mona

AU - Freedman, Matthew T.

AU - Garg, Kavita

AU - Gelmann, Edward P.

AU - Gierada, David S.

AU - Hocking, William

AU - Inampudi, Subbarao

AU - Isaacs, Claudine

AU - Kvale, Paul

AU - Mann, Howard

AU - Manor, William

AU - Nath, Hrudaya

AU - Reding, Douglas

AU - Spizarny, David L.

AU - Strollo, Diane C.

AU - Waltz, John

AU - Chen, Mei Hsiu

AU - Duan, Fenghai

AU - Izmirilian, Grant

AU - Pinsky, Paul

AU - Prorok, Philip C.

AU - Miller, Anthony B.

AU - Edelman, Martin J.

AU - Evans, William K.

AU - Fontana, Robert S.

AU - Machtay, Mitchell

AU - Clark, Kenneth W.

AU - Clingan, Kathy L.

AU - Ford, Melissa B.

AU - Márquez, Guillermo

AU - Moore, Steven M.

AU - Ohan, Peter

AU - Payne, Thomas J.

AU - Peace, Steven

AU - Rosenbaum, Jennifer L.

AU - Barr, Richard

AU - Black, William

AU - Torigian, Drew

AU - Vydareny, Kay

AU - Worrell, John

AU - Young, Robert C.

AU - Alberts, David

AU - DeMets, David

AU - Greenwald, Peter

AU - Jacobs, Paula

AU - McLoud, Theresa C.

AU - Naidich, David P.

AU - Tatum, James

AU - Sausville, Edward A.

AU - Burke, Wylie

AU - Colice, Gene

AU - Edwards, Brenda

AU - Emerson, Scott

AU - Fletcher, John

AU - Green, Sylvan

AU - Harris, Russell

AU - Klein, Jeffrey S.

AU - Korn, Edward L.

AU - Baylin, Stephen B

AU - Selby, Joe V.

AU - Sturges, David W.

AU - Turnbull, Bruce W.

AU - Watson, Thomas J.

AU - Baylin, Stephen

AU - Caporaso, Neil

AU - Dennis, Philip

AU - Dubinett, Steve

AU - Franklin, Wilbur

AU - Grizzle, William

AU - Hirsch, Fred

AU - Massion, Pierre

AU - McKeeta-Frobeck, Kathy

AU - Minna, John

AU - Patz, Edward

AU - Spitz, Margaret

AU - Berg, Christine B.

AU - Corle, Donald

AU - Hu, Ping

AU - Izmirlian, Grant

AU - Gaegler, Jennifer

AU - Hoffman, Susan

AU - Jackson, Charles

AU - Lange, Erin

AU - Papadopoulos, Evanthia

AU - Gatsonis, Constantine

AU - Gareen, Iiana

AU - Apgar, Charles

AU - Boyle, Anna

AU - Caldwell, Tom

AU - Fredericks, Nancy

AU - Harbison, Deborah

AU - Hartfeil, Donna

AU - Jones, Sharon

AU - King, Steve

AU - Mahon, Irene

AU - Medina, Rosa

AU - Masiejczyk, Cindy

AU - Zamora, Peter

AU - Brastater, Hank

AU - Iyer, Vish

AU - George, Jincy

AU - Gopalakrishnan, Dinakar

AU - Blair, Patricia

AU - Bradley, Michael

AU - Crozier, Cheryl

AU - Oh, Maria

AU - Spiese, Nicole

AU - Steward, Chris

AU - Kelly-Truran, Mary

AU - Thompson, Tess

AU - Cunningham, Erin

AU - Levering, Anthony

AU - McMurtrie, Kathleen

AU - Nahill, Michael

AU - Snowden, Sharlene

AU - Smith, Kesha

AU - Wilton, Fraser

AU - Welsh, Timothy

AU - Welsh, Rex

AU - Christie, Wendell

AU - Clabo, Stephanie

AU - Clune, Roberta

AU - Cunningham, Natalie

AU - Downs, Jamie

AU - Dymond, Lindsey

AU - Falcone, Julianne

AU - Harris, Shani

AU - Harvey, Pamela

AU - Hill, Jane

AU - Hill, Laura

AU - Letizia, Donna

AU - Looney, Kendrick

AU - McGinley, Hugh

AU - Mean, Angelee

AU - Moore, Marcella

AU - Norton, Ryan

AU - Ortico, Valentina

AU - Sabina, Sophia

AU - Sole, Robert

AU - Stetz, Jo Ann

AU - Ssali, Arnold

AU - Stubblefield, John

AU - Taylor, Tina

AU - White, Shovonna

AU - Lu, Bo

AU - Adams, Amanda

AU - Baum, Sarah

AU - Blevins, Meridith

AU - Fox, Patricia

AU - Girardi, Vincent

AU - Gorelick, Jeremy

AU - Hunt, Edward

AU - McMullen, Quentin

AU - Meganathan, Karthikeyan

AU - Rendas-Baum, Regina

AU - Sicks, Jo Rean D

AU - Snyder, Bradley

AU - Yeh, Melanie

AU - Duggan, Maryann

AU - Souza, Cheryl

AU - Cahill, Jack

AU - Brewer, Brenda K.

AU - O'Brien, Barbara

AU - Devereux, Gillian

AU - Fritz, Melissa S.

AU - Galbraith, Miriam

AU - Harkins, Judith

AU - Keating, Kristen J.

AU - Midkiff, Kirk

AU - Singh, Usha

AU - Zimmerman, Thea

AU - Payte, Nancy

AU - Price, Helen

AU - Caughman, Clifford

AU - Chanapatna, Ramachandra

AU - Florzyk, Mike

AU - Lee, Annabelle

AU - Morgan, Alan

AU - Yang, Jennifer

AU - Ellen Martinusen, L.

AU - McSwain, June

AU - Rosario, Rhonda

AU - Singh, Jagdish

AU - DeBaugh, R. Adam

AU - Campleman, Sharan

AU - Mesnard, Mary

AU - Ragard, Lawrence

AU - Lewis, Terry

AU - Roberts, Lois M.

AU - Narayanaswami, Vijayasri

AU - Ralda, Vanessa

AU - Lake, William

AU - Riley, Thomas

AU - Clapp, Jonathan B.

AU - Austin, Joe

AU - Irons, Brian

AU - Xu, Fang F.

AU - Jones, Gordon C.

AU - Young, Michael

AU - Goodman, Andrew

AU - Kibic, Crissy

AU - Sheridan, Patricia

AU - Kadish, Nancy

AU - Moline, Denise

AU - Phillips, Rachel

AU - Adkinson, Michele

AU - Creed, David

AU - DeCoste, Tammy

AU - Gembala, Debbie

AU - Hurst, Sally

AU - King, Elizabeth

AU - Knowles, Joy

AU - McBride, Pamela

AU - Pangburn, Patricia

AU - Preston, Judy

AU - Stokes, Karen

AU - Tesch, Patricia

AU - Wenmoth, Susan

AU - Galocy, Linda

AU - Mandley, Deanna

AU - Orvis, Gail

AU - Dial, Alphonso

AU - Clark, Letitia

AU - Cohen, Lawrence

AU - Gerber, Joanne

AU - Jamis-Dow, Carlos

AU - Makariou, Erini

AU - Smith, Ed

AU - Garrett, Amy

AU - McGuire, Colleen

AU - Neff, Sarah

AU - Riley, Tara

AU - Cantrell, Sara

AU - Marsh, Glynis

AU - Wray, Chrispina

AU - Yondonsambuu, Baigalmaa

AU - Giles, Ulander

AU - Ford, Morgan

AU - Brown, Venus

AU - Evangelista, Amy Lita

AU - Hammond, Tiffanie

AU - Nickel, Jillian

AU - Brangan, Michael

AU - Lee, Michele

AU - Lin, Cindy

AU - Adkins, Elanor

AU - Armah, George

AU - Blue, Christopher

AU - Cooke, Venetia

AU - Gray, Natalie

AU - Gustitis, Marianna

AU - Hawkins, Lakisha

AU - Isaacs, Grace

AU - Kim, Mimi

AU - King, Malcolm

AU - Kumbalasiri, Kanya

AU - Laura, Robin

AU - McDaniel, Kelly

AU - Mulugeta, Alem

AU - Riley, Leroy

AU - Sorrell, Shane

AU - Thomas, William

AU - Woodard, Lisa

AU - Johnson, Christine Cole

AU - Tammemagi, Martin

AU - Spizarny, David

AU - Zylak, Carl

AU - Flynn, Michael

AU - Sen, Gordon Jacob

AU - Sankey, Steadman

AU - Schultz, Lonni

AU - Albertsen, Kalin

AU - Broski, Karen

AU - Kucera, Gena

AU - Poler, Kathleen

AU - Spoutz-Ryan, Cheryl

AU - Thomas, Dawn

AU - Griesemer, Evangeline

AU - Kwit, Bonnie

AU - Fantuz, Patricia

AU - McLellan, Beth

AU - Simmons, Dawn

AU - Hafeez, Yasmeen

AU - Maddy, Noel

AU - Davis, La Tonja

AU - Estell, Rodkise

AU - Kozakowski, Susanne

AU - Rowe, Jennifer

AU - Stanley, Merideth

AU - Zhang, Xiuli

AU - Frebes, Mary Ellen

AU - Paquette, Margaret

AU - Tecmire, Mirjana

AU - Young, Laura

AU - Greene, Deborah

AU - Hill, Cynthia

AU - Young, Kathleen

AU - Bellware, Karen

AU - Bohn, Kay

AU - Caird, Nancy

AU - Fink, Helen

AU - Fiarman, Sandra

AU - Houston, Melissa

AU - Jolly, Ann

AU - Krzeczkowski, Carissa

AU - Mack, Cynthia

AU - Murray, Lakeshia

AU - Nanovski, Anna

AU - Rempinski, Debra

AU - Tumberlinson, Heather

AU - William, Debbie

AU - Eldridge-Smith, Eleace

AU - Graves, Vanessa

AU - Szabo, Nora

AU - Crump, John

AU - Kruger, Randall

AU - Greenlee, Robert

AU - Lappe, Karen

AU - Multerer, Deb

AU - Kriescher, Denise

AU - Vieth, Amy

AU - Wein, Sheila

AU - Fuehrer, Dawn

AU - Gjertson, Christine

AU - Krebsbach, June

AU - Kuhlka, Craig

AU - Luttrop, Karen

AU - Netzer, Judy

AU - Wegner, Jean

AU - Fischer, Virginia

AU - Mathiesen-Viergutz, Kay

AU - Kofka, Karen

AU - Jablonsky, Nikki

AU - Johnson, Brooke

AU - Kitchner, Terrie

AU - Mueller, Lin

AU - Rueth, Amy

AU - Wachholz, Shirley

AU - Bohman, Kari

AU - Bruger, Marilyn

AU - Kramer, Kari Ranae

AU - Kuenhold, Katie

AU - Mueller, Camille

AU - Mueller, Cathy

AU - Multerer, Laura

AU - Zahradka, Sue

AU - Alkilidar, Janan

AU - Bhattacharjee, Nandita

AU - Cangelosi, Christopher

AU - Carlson, Robert

AU - Coppens, Alon

AU - Cousins, Margo

AU - Edelstein, Barry

AU - Gerndt, Kristin

AU - Heffernon, Jeffrey

AU - Hinke, Thomas

AU - Hinson, Mark

AU - Hutchins, Lawrence

AU - Lieberman, Kristin

AU - Mulligan, Gerald

AU - Omoba, Emmanuel

AU - Risa, Todd

AU - Sheflin, John

AU - Swan, Tim

AU - Warner, John

AU - Williams, Alan

AU - Yokochi, Lance

AU - Adaniya, Roy

AU - Glanz, Karen

AU - Navin, James

AU - Shambaugh, Vicki

AU - Tabrah, Frank

AU - Willcox, Bradley

AU - Williams, Paulette

AU - He, Qimei

AU - Jenkins, Victoria

AU - Bow, Kathleen

AU - Tsukamoto, Jean

AU - Hyun, Shirleen

AU - Brown, Ed

AU - Morrow, Howard

AU - Stryker, Kimberly

AU - Shiratori, Helene

AU - Lau, Peggy

AU - Au, Bonna

AU - Francis, Wendy

AU - Bolan, Liz

AU - Brooke, Jazman

AU - Calulot, Marilyn

AU - Chun, Victoria

AU - Rabanal, Kathryn

AU - Tani, Joy

AU - Lewis, Cheryl

AU - Morfit, June

AU - Brunst, Amy

AU - Turner, Louisa

AU - Hino, Gladys

AU - Chung, Anne

AU - Elbon-Copp, Constance

AU - Huynh, William

AU - Johnson, Myrle

AU - Nakano, Esther

AU - Villaruz, Lilian

AU - Fouad, Mona N.

AU - Bailey, William C.

AU - Garver, Robert

AU - Brawner, Dale

AU - Malcomb, Ian

AU - Morgan, Desiree

AU - Sanders, Patricia C.

AU - Sandy, Arthur

AU - Schwartz, Martin

AU - Singh, Satinder

AU - Dransfield, Mark

AU - Higgins, Darlene

AU - Moore, Alisha

AU - Acemgil, Aras

AU - Blake, Tony

AU - Lee, Jing

AU - Quattlebaum, Sam

AU - Schach, Julie

AU - Martin, Tawny

AU - Khatri, Rekha

AU - Gendi, Wahied

AU - Powell, Beverly

AU - Johnson, Carolyn

AU - Sears, Julie

AU - Jordan, Shari

AU - Prayer, Vicki

AU - Walker, Carole

AU - Johnson, Mel

AU - Thompson, Joanice

AU - David Crawford, E.

AU - Bunn, Paul

AU - Gamito, Eduard

AU - Ogden, Sheryl

AU - Pretzel, Shannon

AU - Ramsay, Lauren

AU - Vaughn, Carol

AU - Whiton, Cheri

AU - Sammons, Donna

AU - Springhetti, Laura

AU - Tenorio, Sally

AU - Cadez, Nichoie

AU - Laster, Sydney

AU - O'Donnell, Colin

AU - Hughes, Joe

AU - Livingston, Jennifer Garcia

AU - Morrison, Garry

AU - Moss, Wendy

AU - Mullennix, Merri

AU - Peters, Marissa

AU - Sahin, Hakan

AU - Slear, Meredith

AU - Burek, Mike

AU - Hill, Carolyn

AU - Jewitt, Emily

AU - Pena, Ryan

AU - Ordonez, Eda

AU - Sammons, Gina

AU - Hernandez, Jhenny

AU - Reyes, Alejandra

AU - Somoza, Analisa

AU - Oken, Martin

AU - Bay, Beborah

AU - Edelman, Kevin

AU - Fox, Tammy

AU - Gaerte, Scott

AU - Myra-Bloom, Karla

AU - Plunkett, Michael

AU - Olson, Frederick

AU - Rust, Paul

AU - Schneider, Lisa

AU - Trombley, Beverly

AU - Vahey, Thomas

AU - Bangerter, Ann

AU - David-Schlegel, Terri

AU - DesMarais, Donna

AU - Frederickson, Sue

AU - Geisser, Mindy

AU - Portnov, Natalya

AU - Silverman, Greg

AU - Stahan, Frank

AU - Vuong, Simone

AU - Watt, Gavin

AU - Woodside, Joe

AU - Zirbes, Aaron

AU - Breer, Sophie

AU - Haselhuhn, Cheri

AU - Longden, Cathy

AU - Mueller, Candace

AU - Rice, Marianne

AU - Warren, Deb

AU - Collins, Susan

AU - Levi, Stephanie

AU - Manual, Janet

AU - Matous, Lea

AU - Olsson, Phyllis

AU - Peterson, Sue

AU - Rogers, Christopher

AU - Steele, Mary Lynn

AU - Beckmann, Patty

AU - Jurjans, Linda

AU - Terrian, Shirley

AU - Fraki, Sally

AU - Fronheiser, Martha

AU - Heinrichs, Linda

AU - Kirby, Deb

AU - Seivert, Jackie

AU - Steinberg, Carol

AU - Watry, Marge

AU - Boyle, Karen

AU - Burnside, Andrew

AU - Kiffmeyer, Renae

AU - Mosiman, Wendy

AU - Bailey, Angie

AU - Byrnes, Pamela

AU - Stark, Laura

AU - Weston, Mary

AU - Whistler, Dawn

AU - Cordes, Jill

AU - Engelhard, Deb

AU - Becker, Jackie

AU - Bradley, Peggy

AU - Fisher, Jim

AU - McLaughlin, Heather

AU - Mendez, Ana Maria

AU - Miller, Deanna

AU - Ronan, Rosalie

AU - Siga, Brad

AU - Weissfeld, Joel L.

AU - Salerno, Mark B.

AU - Schragin, Jeffrey

AU - Strollo, Diane

AU - Warfel, Thomas E.

AU - Wolfe, Patrick W.

AU - Antico, Dominick A.

AU - Bee, Matthew T.

AU - Bittner, Donald F.

AU - Corey, William T.

AU - Hawkins, Robert A.

AU - Herbick, William T.

AU - Karwat, Mukesh F.

AU - Leonard, Kevin J.

AU - Petrochko, Constantine N.

AU - Pickering, Scott F.

AU - Smart, Paul E.

AU - Walters, Phyllis J.

AU - Zehner, Jane A.

AU - Augustine, Karen

AU - Misko, Sue

AU - Richel, Monica

AU - Riley, Mary Alyce

AU - Warren, Linda

AU - McDonough, Kathy

AU - Rozanok, Beverly

AU - Helms, Juanita

AU - Olson, Peggy

AU - Uttecht, Steve

AU - Wirth, Mike

AU - Atkins, Roni

AU - Clement, Lisa

AU - Gurtner, Deb

AU - Jones, Laura

AU - Buys, Saundra S.

AU - Drosten, Ralph

AU - Murray, Kathleen

AU - Nowers, Kenneth

AU - Jenkins, Peter

AU - Tripp, Dave

AU - Herron, Gabe

AU - Van Stam, Eduard

AU - Varner, Julie

AU - O'Toole, Karen

AU - Olson, Cassie

AU - Omori, Derek

AU - Andersen, Adriane

AU - Argyle, Neil

AU - Avrin, Jennifer

AU - Bacon, Jennifer

AU - Broschinsky, Mark

AU - Montalbo, Chani

AU - Nolan, Kimberly

AU - Randall, Anne

AU - Schleip, Karen

AU - Sheltra, Scott J.

AU - Tischner, Roger

AU - Toyn, Christopher

AU - Turner, Kyle

AU - Whittaker, Brianne

AU - Wicklander, Eddy

AU - Wolf, Jacob

AU - Baiton, Cherie

AU - Doi, Briar

AU - Childs, Jeff

AU - Gren, Lisa

AU - Watson, Darcy

AU - Jones, Tony

AU - Neilson, Bruce

AU - Ahumada, Hector

AU - Bourija, Hassan

AU - Brown, Christine

AU - Ferris, Barbara

AU - Hadfield, Leanne

AU - Hansen, Kylee

AU - Koford, Jeffrey

AU - Kopesec, Sally

AU - Lloyd, Amy

AU - Lofthouse, Mindy

AU - Matinkhah, Saeed

AU - May, Virginia

AU - Nichols, Shanna

AU - Nieves, Alesis

AU - Oviatt, Misty

AU - Richardson, Nicole

AU - Rowley, Angela Lee

AU - Sandberg, Ellen

AU - Dave Scholl, Shauna

AU - Seguin, Lyn

AU - Shea, David

AU - Smith, Suzanne

AU - Street, Patricia Ann

AU - Walters, Mareie

AU - Weiben, Ralph

AU - Wilcox, Lynly

AU - Zisumbo, Ray

AU - Beck, Thomas M.

AU - Waltz, John S.

AU - Ball, Shane

AU - Burt, Todd B.

AU - Daniel, Elaine N.

AU - DeMordaunt, Quinn A.

AU - Fisher, Michael T.

AU - Fuchs, Michael A.

AU - Hubler, Bruce E.

AU - Jennings, Chris J.

AU - Lane, Richard H.

AU - Leymaster, Craig E.

AU - Macey, Loren C.

AU - Marx, Steven V.

AU - Maxwell, James R.

AU - Nelson, Brent B.

AU - Fairbanks, Jeff

AU - Wohlers, Bonita

AU - Heinz, Jill

AU - Berreth, Kathy

AU - Marshall, Randy

AU - Brekke, Jerry

AU - Jones, Kelly

AU - Barrow, Amber

AU - Bashford, Douglas

AU - Clot, Barry

AU - Cook, Troy

AU - Dobson, Leslie

AU - Hamilton-Foss, Andrea

AU - Hanson, William

AU - Hyder, Jan E.

AU - Lewis-Burke, Cindy

AU - Mitchell, Stacey

AU - Osterhout, Marlea

AU - Patella, Karen

AU - Peterson, Phillip

AU - Schornak-Curtis, Sandra

AU - Sirianni, Lisa

AU - Stoller, Larry

AU - Vigeant, Korinna

AU - Whistle, Cheryl

AU - Yates, Jeff

AU - Andriole, Gerald

AU - Claire Anderson, D.

AU - Bhalla, Sanjeev

AU - Bierhals, Andrew J.

AU - Bronfman, Jason

AU - Glazer, Harvey S.

AU - Gutierrez, Fernando R.

AU - Geisse, Guillermo

AU - Kotner, Lawrence M.

AU - Javidan-Nejad, Cylen

AU - Rezai, Kianoush

AU - Sagel, Stuart S.

AU - Semenkovich, Janice W.

AU - Siegel, Marilyn J.

AU - Sorrel, Dallas

AU - Woodard, Pamela K.

AU - Engelhart, David

AU - Haverman, Robin

AU - Campbell, Angela

AU - Gardner, Vivien

AU - Gherardini, Danielle

AU - Hoese, Lynn

AU - Holdener, Ruth

AU - Ledbetter, Louise

AU - Nieters, Patricia

AU - Reiners, Cynthia

AU - Wade, Jeanine

AU - Wiseman, Mary

AU - Rueweler, Patricia

AU - Williams, Rochelle

AU - Chi, David

AU - Budd, Tim

AU - Webb, Janise

AU - Stolin, Celia

AU - Garrett, Kathy

AU - Fleming, Elizabeth

AU - Freesmeier, Elaine

AU - Frye, Jennifer

AU - Graham, Deborah

AU - Kaemmerer, Helen

AU - Nevilles, Jo Ann

AU - Taylor, Kathy

AU - Blaine, James

AU - Clark, Kenneth

AU - Gierada, David

AU - Koppel, Paul

AU - Maffitt, David

AU - Moore, Stephen

AU - Molton, Joan

AU - Phillips, Stanley

AU - Prior, Fred

AU - Wolfsberger, Mary

AU - Cosas, Angela

AU - Kim, Sooah

AU - Kim, Miyoung

AU - Liang, Yuting

AU - Pilgram, Thomas

AU - Haas, Amy

AU - Hartwell, Divine

AU - Roeshe, Dana

AU - Lowery, Adelheid

AU - Meese, Shelly

AU - Naughton, Kate

AU - Yoffie, Roberta

AU - Smith, Kirk

AU - Schwartzstein, Richard

AU - Lin, Pei Jan P

AU - Parritt, Tim A.

AU - Grady, Elisabeth A.

AU - Damon, Lisa

AU - Gard, Sharon

AU - Griggs, Robin

AU - Potemkin, Alexis

AU - Pollock, Mary M.

AU - Clellan, Sara Mc

AU - Laron, Melissa

AU - Owens, Tamara

AU - Costello, Philip

AU - Jacobson, Francine L.

AU - Hunsaker, Andetta R.

AU - Spirn, Paul W.

AU - Trotman-Bickenson, Beatrice

AU - Christopoulos, Voula E.

AU - Kazda, Ivana K.

AU - MacDougall, Regina C.

AU - Walsh, Annmarie

AU - Nawfel, Richard D.

AU - Berger, Robert

AU - Chan, Pearl

AU - Delano, Mark

AU - Geiger, Jeffrey

AU - Krinopol, Carl

AU - McGinnis, Ann D.

AU - McLaughlin, Angela M.

AU - Weatherby, Raymond

AU - Tung, Glenn

AU - Maineiro, Martha

AU - Camara, Lila

AU - Cobb, Cindy

AU - Foley, Susan

AU - Morrell, Elizabeth

AU - Romano, Diane

AU - Guillette, Darlene

AU - Smith, Wendy

AU - Aisner, Joseph

AU - Backer, Murray

AU - Bramwitt, Mark

AU - De Caravalho, Victor

AU - Epstein, Robert

AU - Joyce, Peggy

AU - Langenfeld, John E.

AU - Reinert, Ann

AU - Team, Research

AU - DeMarco, Kevin

AU - Lutzker, Stuart

AU - Musanti, Rita

AU - Shiff, Steven

AU - Wolfsohn, Tammy

AU - Hudak, Colleen

AU - Hugill, Andrea

AU - Furlong, Marisol

AU - Weslowsky, Elayne

AU - Carmen, Sharon

AU - Foster, Denise L.

AU - Hansen, Kenneth

AU - Pennetta, Bernadette

AU - White, Linda V.

AU - Tokarz, Robert

AU - Trotta, Maryann

AU - Birofka, Ana

AU - Kasales, Claudia J.

AU - Lewis, Petra J.

AU - Weaver, John B.

AU - Lenz, Suzanne B.

AU - Barrett, Angelica C.

AU - Dauphinais, Raymond

AU - Heinz, Jennifer R.

AU - Siemionko, Matthew K.

AU - Taplin, Ami Lyn

AU - Wasson, Lisa Scott

AU - DeAlmeida, Linda

AU - Longacre, Sharon

AU - Meagher, Katherine

AU - Moser, Carol M.

AU - Lawlor, John K.

AU - O'Quinn, Casey

AU - Krieger Black, Nancy E.

AU - Bradley, Heather L.

AU - Bronson, Jill K.

AU - Cosgrove, Timothy

AU - Haron, Mark K.

AU - King, Donna

AU - Mazuerk, Pamela M.

AU - O'Donnell, Neil F.

AU - Pluta, Daniel J.

AU - Sackett, Terry J.

AU - Turgeon, Ginette D.

AU - Albano, Henry

AU - Bell, Courtney

AU - Bergen, Jerry

AU - Bizer, Gail

AU - Carmichael, Nicole M.

AU - Cimis, Crista

AU - Davis, Stephanie

AU - DeAngelis, Tony

AU - Fellows, Gail

AU - Fenton, Charlie

AU - Ferola, Joy

AU - Gankiewicz, Nancy

AU - Hastings, Dorothy

AU - Howell, Chris

AU - Johnson, Mary E.

AU - Krisk, Mary

AU - Lancor, Heather

AU - Leary, Christie

AU - LeBlanc, Maurice

AU - Leming, Adam

AU - Leming, Mandie

AU - Mead, Dawn

AU - Milacek, Michael

AU - Mood, Jamie

AU - Nordstrom, Heidi

AU - Palazzolo, Carolyn

AU - Pierce, Jeremy

AU - Remitz, Richard P.

AU - Rider, Jessica

AU - Robbins, Kathleen A.

AU - Sleasman, Brenda

AU - Spaulding, Jason

AU - Vashel, Cam

AU - Welch, Amie

AU - White, Linda

AU - Whitty, Mark

AU - Williams, Angela M.

AU - Karellas, Andrew

AU - Grayson, Leeta

AU - McCalister-Cross, Carlotta

AU - Mesquita, Sherri

AU - Nguyen, Anne

AU - Myers, Laura N.

AU - Deaton, Eric

AU - Maxfield, Sharon

AU - Thomas, Kevin

AU - Allen, Pamela

AU - Brooks, Denise

AU - Chadwell, Carla

AU - Couch, Elizabeth

AU - Horton, Karen M

AU - Flores, Rubenia

AU - Francis, Melba

AU - Landes, Sarah

AU - Mattingly, Jacinta

AU - Oechsli, Margaret

AU - Pitino, Bethany

AU - Sams, Shawn

AU - Soukhanova, Olga

AU - Bland, Priscilla

AU - Bube, Sheron

AU - Hoffa, Tricia

AU - McElsain, Becky

AU - Johnson, Demetria

AU - Francow, Cathy

AU - Johnson, Stephenie

AU - Senn, Pam

AU - Horton, Karen M.

AU - Lawler, Leo P.

AU - Bradford, Lynne

AU - Christensen, Gale

AU - Bishop, Janet

AU - Motley, Laura

AU - Mahesh, Mahadevappa

AU - Stewart, Robin

AU - Guzman, Carmen

AU - Blake, Heather Bishop

AU - Bradford, Holly

AU - Bradford, Jenna

AU - Burner, James

AU - Kasecamp, Jennifer

AU - Kaufmann, Jennifer Bishop

AU - Kimball, Daniel

AU - Lewis, Zipporah

AU - Moesinger, Sheila

AU - Walsh, Susan

AU - Taylor, Karen

AU - Yung, Rex

AU - Zeng, Mingying

AU - Gambill, Greg

AU - Merrill, Sarah

AU - Mahesh, Mahadevappa

AU - Johnson, Elizabeth A.

AU - Jolies, Howard I.

AU - Kuzo, Ronald S.

AU - Morin, Richard L.

AU - Abaya, Reza

AU - Chewar, Deborah

AU - Shwarts, Patricia

AU - Allen, Susan

AU - Manning, Shalonda

AU - Awan, Mary Adams Zafar

AU - Clinic, Mayo

AU - Jacksonville,

AU - Beagle, Fla Lisa

AU - Cape, Dcanna

AU - Zeiger, Tanya

AU - Amendolare, Laurie

AU - Bahr, Noel

AU - Belyea, Minnetta

AU - Berg, Tara

AU - Burkhard, Mia

AU - Cottrell, Lisa

AU - BeAngelis, Katherine

AU - Bvorak, Melanie

AU - Heather, L.

AU - Gay, Binnicker

AU - Hatton, Kelly

AU - Jacoby, Sharon

AU - Kennedy, Valene

AU - Krach, Kathleen

AU - Laughren, Melissa

AU - Lavergne, Cindy

AU - Lawrence, Marsha

AU - Lynch, Jeannette

AU - McDonald, Amber

AU - Mestas, Felix

AU - Moody, Julie

AU - O'Brien, Carrie

AU - Pitts, Janice

AU - Polding, Brenda

AU - Richardson, Lindsay

AU - Robinson, Karen

AU - Warren, Amy

AU - Washburn, Holly

AU - Wilson, Erik

AU - Zagarra, Luis

AU - Batton, Karen Mathews

AU - Chellini, David

AU - DeWitt, Kathleen

AU - Fleming, Darlene R.

AU - Newton-Foster, Christi

AU - MacDonald, Renee

AU - Ott, Jennifer

AU - Peterson, Julie

AU - Sallas, Michele

AU - Teepe, Michael

AU - Thomas, Rachel

AU - Torrence, Kathy

AU - Hildestad, Jodi

AU - Hartman, Thomas E.

AU - Jett, James R.

AU - McCollough, Cynthia H.

AU - Midthun, Bavid E.

AU - Andrist, Boleyn R.

AU - Hanson, Nancy E.

AU - Sathre, Connie L.

AU - Schroeder, Laura B.

AU - Sheeran, Jacqueline R.

AU - Walters, Lana C.

AU - Andrist, Cynthia L.

AU - Bungum, Aaron O.

AU - Bornhorst, Cathy L.

AU - Beno, Bawn M.

AU - Krpata, Tami S.

AU - Lambrecht, Ann M.

AU - McKey, Christine M.

AU - Prudoehl, Belores K.

AU - Richter, Helena R.

AU - Brisendine, Alan

AU - Adrales-Bentz, Tricia

AU - Arnold, Krystal

AU - Benjamin, Brad

AU - Bodd, Andrew

AU - Keller, John

AU - Saunders, Tamara

AU - Spicker, Paola

AU - Shannon, Susan

AU - Bailey, Laura

AU - Comer, Hanna

AU - Espiritu, Joy

AU - Helwi, Stephanie

AU - Mack-Pipkin, Brandy

AU - Tockman, Melvin

AU - Evans, Beth

AU - Wadhwa, Nina

AU - Baptiste, Natalie

AU - Eysmans, Courtney

AU - Vera-Gonzalez, Naima

AU - Hamm, Lori

AU - Harjani, Veenu

AU - Sear, Anna

AU - Blackwell, Susan

AU - Fernandez, Adys

AU - Williams, Edwin

AU - Coleman, Kenneth A.

AU - Afiat, Jay

AU - Kirchoff, Lori

AU - Bowman, Rob

AU - Brothers, Chris

AU - Cohen, Barry

AU - Fields, Nicole

AU - Guzman, Richard

AU - Monje, Celeste

AU - Sterling, Winston

AU - Thorpe, Loretta

AU - White, Kevin

AU - Williams, Buddy

AU - Nekervis, Erin

AU - Franco, Andrea

AU - Glick, Lena

AU - Grigolo, Marcello

AU - Harts, Yassminda

AU - Migo, Arthur

AU - Rockwell, Kelli P.

AU - Stein, Adam

AU - Weyls, Ryan

AU - Berns, Eric

AU - Biringer, Michelle T.

AU - Pino, Angela Del

AU - Dubbs, Peter

AU - Fehrmann, Glenna M.

AU - Goodwin, Alan Lee

AU - Granger, Loretta

AU - Haglage, Julie

AU - Hirschy, Jenny

AU - King, Mollie

AU - Kristopher, Jody Wietharn

AU - Mac, Nicole Matetic

AU - Mahoney, George

AU - Markarian, Armen

AU - Ramirez, Martha

AU - Taylor, Michael

AU - West, Kelli M.

AU - Sullivan, Michael A.

AU - Matthews, Charles C.

AU - Jones, Jerome

AU - Cole, Aura

AU - Dow, Pamela

AU - Fearon, Jacqueline

AU - Fodera, Brent

AU - Ginther, Barbara

AU - McCall, Rachel L.

AU - Williams, Shannon

AU - Young, Serelda

AU - Juul, Cristine

AU - LaFleur, Angele

AU - Lohmann, Katherine

AU - Pineda, Lisa

AU - Schmidt, Alison

AU - Wright, Shannon

AU - Greenup, Sheila

AU - McNulty, Kelly

AU - Pawlak, Stephanie

AU - Porter, Heather

AU - Lanning, Teresa

AU - Loria, Debra

AU - Cook, Albert

AU - Sky, Jo Ann Hall

AU - Boulos, Anthony

AU - Dalal, Pritha

AU - Dickstein, Ben

AU - DuChateau, Alice

AU - Engartner, Catherine

AU - Evans, Dianalyn M.

AU - Evans, James

AU - Evans, Kaylene

AU - Gemmel, Mary

AU - Hallsky, Sarah

AU - Hoffman, Phil

AU - Hritz, Craig

AU - Kerchum, Lorraine

AU - Kolich, Mallory

AU - Kolich, Mark

AU - Kolich, Melody

AU - Kumar, Neha

AU - Lobaugh, Judith

AU - Love, Cheryl

AU - Love, Dayna

AU - Love, Melissa

AU - Marchese, Maria

AU - Nelson, Deana

AU - Petkus, Carrie

AU - Petruzzi, Marcella

AU - Raver, Cristina

AU - Schuler, Erin

AU - Schuler, Patricia

AU - Schultz, David

AU - Kobistek, Robert

AU - Jackson, Jacqueline

AU - Ziegler, Johanna

AU - Fleischer, Jennifer

AU - Welch, Linda L.

AU - Acerra, Marian

AU - Brittain, Beverly

AU - Conklin, Lisa

AU - Cyphert, Cindy

AU - Delfosse, Brenda

AU - Franceshelli, Leanne

AU - Fuller, Joan

AU - Garland, Donna

AU - Gocala, Peggy J.

AU - Grunenwald, Mauren

AU - Kowalik, Diane

AU - Kurjan, Sharon L.

AU - Lavernick, Patricia

AU - Maderitz, Julie

AU - Metz, Renee

AU - Quinn, Roberta

AU - Semansky, Marlene

AU - Smith, Stacy

AU - St.Claire, Amy

AU - Taybus, Pamela

AU - Wisler, Diana

AU - Zubena, Karen

AU - Duda, Catherine

AU - Kay, Polly

AU - Trapnell, Patty

AU - Vlachou, Maria

AU - Bigby, Brandon B.

AU - Gallego, Audrey

AU - Hamm, Gregg

AU - Spivak, Jill

AU - Pollard, Maisha

AU - Brown, Eng

AU - Campa, Olivia

AU - Carter, Barbara

AU - Clark, Sonya

AU - Flores, Marvin

AU - Ho, Judy

AU - Lee, Tracy

AU - Lewis, Barbara

AU - McMahon, Janie

AU - Momongan, Lea

AU - Ngo, Julie

AU - Perryman, Adele

AU - Rivas, Nicole

AU - Romo, Christina

AU - Sookpisal, Kanistha

AU - Stone, Lily

AU - Voight, Barbara

AU - Williams, Carleaner

AU - Adams, Kellyn

AU - Do, Phi

AU - Engber, Kerry

AU - Henry, Leslie

AU - Khalili, Michael

AU - Morales, Sandy

AU - O'Carroll, Chelsea

AU - Quijano, Jade

AU - Borgheian, Shiva

AU - Inatomi, Roger

AU - Lorenzo, Alfonso

AU - Lorenzo, Dinah

AU - Nyborg, Glen

AU - Salazar, Vinis

AU - Woo, Michael

AU - Beck, Paige

AU - Beerman, Paula

AU - Jacobsen, Jean

AU - Voight, Kathleen

AU - Allman, Erich

AU - Chen, Sabrina

AU - Farkas, Cristina

AU - Forter, Isabelle

AU - Marcus, Paul

AU - Matthews, Lonna

AU - Phillips, Roxana

AU - Silva-Gietzen, Jessica

AU - Sturgeon, Erica

AU - Varner, Gina

AU - Mullen, Brian

AU - Stanford, William

AU - Hoffman, Eric

AU - Sprenger, Kim

AU - Chapman, Andrea

AU - Crawford, Kaylene

AU - Marietta, Jacquie

AU - Kmetty, Leslie

AU - Meier, Jackie

AU - Pirotte, Phyllis

AU - Rathmell, Laurie

AU - Hudson, Melissa

AU - Sieren, Jered

AU - Cronin, Paul

AU - Gross, Barry

AU - Kelly, Aine

AU - Patel, Smita

AU - Pernicano, Perry

AU - Holloway, Lisa

AU - Chalom, Gwen

AU - Henricks, Eric

AU - Pool, Jim

AU - Shepherd, Diane

AU - Zapolski, Deanna

AU - Goodsitt, Mitch

AU - Hooks, Hope

AU - Gefter, Warren

AU - Lynn Werner, D.

AU - Smith, Catherine E.

AU - Choi, Byung Kun

AU - Lee, Joon K.

AU - Holland, Christine

AU - Matuza, Jacqueline

AU - Nosker, Hilary C.

AU - Russell, William

AU - Cupp, Scott

AU - O'Shea, Michael

AU - Munden, Reginald

AU - Cates, Melissa

AU - Sanchez, Eric

AU - Aganon-Acheta, Michelle

AU - Black, Michael

AU - Blalock, Dalphany

AU - Brown, Cynthia

AU - Cromwell, Hattie

AU - Dunnington, Joel

AU - Erasmus, Jeremy

AU - Gladish, Gregory

AU - Gupta, Sanjay

AU - Haynes, Michelle Wann

AU - Hensley, Thomas

AU - Iyer, Revathy B.

AU - Madewell, John

AU - Malbari, Tamim

AU - Marom, Edith M.

AU - Morice, Rodolfo

AU - Rao, Sujaya

AU - Sabloff, Bradley

AU - Scully, Natalie F.

AU - Tekchandani, Sangeeta

AU - Truong, Mylene

AU - Wicks, Danielle

AU - Geiser, William R.

AU - Montague, Jerry L.

AU - Patel, Minesh

AU - Robinson, Tonda

AU - Donnelly, Edwin F.

AU - Thielke, Elizabeth

AU - Bell, Allie M.

AU - Pickens, David R.

AU - Bowman, Walter Allen

AU - Herron, Tina

AU - Shone, Dawn

AU - Chin, Brian

AU - Chen, Michael

AU - Harmon, Lisa

AU - Hinshaw, Lisa

AU - Nelson, Carolyn

AU - Biracree, Donna

AU - Boyles, Denise

AU - Burrough, Anne

AU - Davis, Amanda

AU - Drake, Elliott

AU - Frost, Eileen

AU - Long, Ashley

AU - Bowman, Elaine

AU - Dyer, Susanna

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) is a randomized multicenter study comparing low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) with chest radiography in the screening of older current and former heavy smokers for early detection of lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Five-year survival rates approach 70% with surgical resection of stage IA disease; however, more than 75% of individuals have incurable locally advanced or metastatic disease, the latter having a 5-year survival of less than 5%. It is plausible that treatment should be more effective and the likelihood of death decreased if asymptomatic lung cancer is detected through screening early enough in its preclinical phase. For these reasons, there is intense interest and intuitive appeal in lung cancer screening with low-dose CT. The use of survival as the determinant of screening effectiveness is, however, confounded by the well-described biases of lead time, length, and overdiagnosis. Despite previous attempts, no test has been shown to reduce lung cancer mortality, an endpoint that circumvents screening biases and provides a definitive measure of benefit when assessed in a randomized controlled trial that enables comparison of mortality rates between screened individuals and a control group that does not undergo the screening intervention of interest. The NLST is such a trial. The rationale for and design of the NLST are presented.

AB - The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) is a randomized multicenter study comparing low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) with chest radiography in the screening of older current and former heavy smokers for early detection of lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Five-year survival rates approach 70% with surgical resection of stage IA disease; however, more than 75% of individuals have incurable locally advanced or metastatic disease, the latter having a 5-year survival of less than 5%. It is plausible that treatment should be more effective and the likelihood of death decreased if asymptomatic lung cancer is detected through screening early enough in its preclinical phase. For these reasons, there is intense interest and intuitive appeal in lung cancer screening with low-dose CT. The use of survival as the determinant of screening effectiveness is, however, confounded by the well-described biases of lead time, length, and overdiagnosis. Despite previous attempts, no test has been shown to reduce lung cancer mortality, an endpoint that circumvents screening biases and provides a definitive measure of benefit when assessed in a randomized controlled trial that enables comparison of mortality rates between screened individuals and a control group that does not undergo the screening intervention of interest. The NLST is such a trial. The rationale for and design of the NLST are presented.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863229324&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863229324&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1148/radiol.10091808

DO - 10.1148/radiol.10091808

M3 - Article

VL - 258

SP - 243

EP - 253

JO - Radiology

JF - Radiology

SN - 0033-8419

IS - 1

ER -