The na+/h+ exchanger role in the intracellular ph regulation of human platelets

O. A. Gende, H. E. Cingolani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The intracellular pH of human platelets was measured with a fluorescent intracellular probe. When platelets were in basal conditions (pHo 7.4, [Na+]o 140 mm) the pHi was 6.98 ± 0.04. Five minutes after the addition of EIPA 60 μm, an inhibitor of Na+/H+ exchange, the pHi fell in 0.075 ± 0.022 pH units (P < 0.05). Preincubation in a sodium free, acid medium (pHo 6.3) induced a cell acidification to pH 6.61 ± 0.03 (P < 0.01). Preacidified platelets showed a recovery in sodium-containing solution that is a function of [Na+]o. The initial rate of recovery depends on [Na+]o in a Michaelis-Menten fashion, showing a Km of 35.6 mm and a Vmax of 0.213 pH units/min. These results show that the pHi is maintained in human platelets by a Na+/H+exchange that is active even in basal conditions. The properties of the Na+/H+ exchanger in human platelets and in the less accessible smooth vascular cells are similar; generalized pathological alterations, like hypertension, could be reflected by both tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-98
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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