The myth of the "vulnerable plaque": Transitioning from a focus on individual lesions to atherosclerotic disease burden for coronary artery disease risk assessment

Armin Arbab-Zadeh, Valentin Fuster

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The cardiovascular science community has pursued the quest to identify vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque in patients for decades, hoping to prevent acute coronary events. However, despite major advancements in imaging technology that allow visualization of rupture-prone plaques, clinical studies have not demonstrated improved risk prediction compared with traditional approaches. Considering the complex relationship between plaque rupture and acute coronary event risk suggested by pathology studies and confirmed by clinical investigations, these results are not surprising. This review summarizes the evidence supporting a multifaceted hypothesis of the natural history of atherosclerotic plaque rupture. Managing patients at risk of acute coronary events mandates a greater focus on the atherosclerotic disease burden rather than on features of individual plaques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)846-855
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume65
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2015

Keywords

  • atherosclerosis
  • coronary heart disease
  • coronary imaging
  • prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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