The mutagenic and SOS‐inducing potential of the soluble organic fraction collected from diesel particulate emissions

M. Dukovich, R. E. Yasbin, S. S. Lestz, T. H. Risby, R. B. Zweidinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Studies involving the Ames Salmonella mutagenicity test and the Bacillus subtilis comptest have demonstrated that the soluble organic fraction of diesel particulate is potentially mutagenic and DNA damaging. The soluble organic fraction was extracted from exhaust particulate samples collected from four different diesel engines operated at specified conditions. For each fraction collected, an increase in the concentration of the organic material resulted in a subsequent increase in the number of histidine prototrophs obtained when this material was added to the histidine auxotrophic strains that comprise the Ames Salmonella test. Specifically, the number of induced revertants, for strains TA98 and TA100, ranged from less than one revertant per μg of sample to 29 revertants per μg of sample. The ability of these organic fractions to induce bacterial SOS functions also was determined by exposing competent cultures of Bacillus subtilis strain RUB827 to increasing concentrations of these extracts. With varying efficiencies, these samples were positive in their ability to induce the SOS system of B subtilis. Significantly, the toxicity of these mutagenic and DNA damaging samples never resulted in more than 95% killing, even for the highest concentrations tested in the Salmonella and B subtilis assay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-264
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Mutagenesis
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

Keywords

  • Ames assay
  • Bacillus subtilis comptest
  • SOS inducing
  • diesel exhaust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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