The Multidimensional Model of Broaching Behavior

Norma L. Day-Vines, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Courtney Agorsor, Sarah Gubara, Nana Aba A. Otabil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The multidimensional model of broaching behavior (MMBB) is introduced as a heuristic that addresses multicultural counseling and social justice competence. The MMBB includes humanistic skills that allow counselors to broach clients’ racial, ethnic, and cultural (REC) concerns in an effort to develop strong therapeutic alliances and alleviate distress. This article provides illustrative examples of the 4 MMBB dimensions: intracounseling, intraindividual, intra-REC, and inter-REC. Implications for the counseling profession and practice are described, and directions for future research are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-118
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • broaching
  • case examples
  • cultural competency
  • multicultural counseling
  • social justice competence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The Multidimensional Model of Broaching Behavior'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this