The Most-Cited Ankle Arthroplasty Implant Articles

Kevin Mo, James R. Ficke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Citation analysis is a useful way of evaluating the impact, importance, and merit of articles within a medical specialty. Our study identified and analyzed the most-cited articles on ankle arthroplasty implants to evaluate their importance in the field of ankle arthroplasty research. Methods: Using the keywords “ankle arthroplasty” and “ankle replacement” and the search period 1970-2021, we found 3728 articles on ankle arthroplasty implants in the Scopus, Web of Science, and MEDLINE/PubMed databases. We included original articles, reviews, clinical trials, and case reports in the study. We retrieved the 50 most-cited articles published during the time frame and then screened them for studies of specific ankle arthroplasty implants and their postoperative outcomes. We also recorded and analyzed the articles’ subjects, authorship, journals, countries of origin, and years of publication. Results: The 50 most-cited articles were published between 1983 and 2014, with the majority (33) published between 2000 and 2010. They generated 9012 citations in the literature. The most-cited study accounted for 497 citations; the mean number of citations per article was 180.24 ± 76.24. Twenty-three (46%) of the articles addressed postoperative outcomes following a specific type of arthroplasty implant. Arthroplasty implant studies accounted for 4726 citations, or 52.4% of the citations of the 50 articles. The most frequently studied arthroplasty implant was STAR (15), followed by Agility (7), Buechel Pappas (5), and Salto (4). STAR accounted for 3311 citations, or 37% of the total citations of the 50 articles. Conclusion: Ankle arthroplasty research has made great progress in the past 2 decades, particularly in the area of postoperative outcomes of specific ankle implants, but continued research and publication on additional arthroplasty implants should become a priority. Level of Evidence: Level V, Review Article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFoot and Ankle Orthopaedics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • STAR
  • ankle arthroplasty
  • ankle implant
  • ankle replacement
  • bibliometric analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'The Most-Cited Ankle Arthroplasty Implant Articles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this