Purpose: the aim of our study was thus to quantify the effect of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injection on systemic and local growth factors and to identify molecular markers in a rat model of patellar and Achilles tendinosis treated with PRP. Material and method: twenty two rats were used for the study. Two healthy rats were used as control (T-). We induced tendinosis (T+) in 20 rats (80 tendons by injecting under ultrasonography (US) guidance Collagenase 1® (day 0 = D0, patellar=40 and Achilles=40). At D3, these 20 rats with tendinosis were separated in treatment by either PRP (PRPT+, n=28), physiological serum (PST+, n=28, control) USguided intratendinous injection, or without no PRP or PS (T+, n=24, control of natural evolution of tendinopathy). Follow-up at D7, D13, D18 and D25 using serum sample and local tendon removal with ELISA technics and comparison between the 3 groups were performed. Results: during biological follow up, comparison of all serum samples of PRPT+, PST+ and T+ groups showed no significant modification of their biological markers at D7, D13, D18 and D25 (p>0.22). Comparison of immunological sample tendon markers of PRPT+, PST+ and T+ groups also showed no significant modification of markers at D7, D13, D18 and D25 (p>0.16) considering each biological marker and also all subgroups confounded. Conclusion: our study strongly suggests that a single intratendinous US-guided injection of PRP in Achilles and patellar T+ doesn’t increase biological markers such as growth factors compared to a control group in mid-term and long-term follow-up.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine