The Moderating Role of Gender in the Relationship Between Tobacco Outlet Exposure and Tobacco Use Among African American Young Adults

Qiana Brown, Adam J. Milam, Janice V. Bowie, Nicholas S. Ialongo, Darrell J. Gaskin, Debra Furr-Holden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Tobacco outlet exposure is a correlate of tobacco use with potential differences by gender that warrant attention. The aim of this study is to explore the moderating role of gender in the relationship between tobacco outlet exposure and past month tobacco use among African American young adults 21 to 24 years old. This cross-sectional study (n = 283) used geospatial methods to determine the number of tobacco outlets within walking distance (i.e., a quarter mile) of participants’ homes and distance to the nearest outlet. Logistic regression models were used to test interactions between gender and tobacco outlet exposure (i.e., density and proximity). Tobacco outlets were classified based on whether or not they were licensed to sell tobacco only (TO outlets) or tobacco and alcohol (TA outlets). Neither density nor proximity was associated with past month tobacco use in the pooled models. However, gender modified the relationship between TO outlet density and tobacco use, and this relationship was significant only among women (OR = 1.02; p < 0.01; adjusted OR = 1.01; p < 0.05). This study underscores the importance of reducing tobacco outlet density in residential neighborhoods, especially TO outlets, as well as highlights potential gender differences in the relationship between tobacco outlet density and tobacco use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-346
Number of pages9
JournalPrevention Science
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Gender
  • Tobacco outlets
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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