The Moderating Effect of Personality Type on the Relationship Between Leisure Activity and Executive Control in Older Adults

Nikki L. Hill, Feng Lin, Jeanine Parisi, Ann Kolanowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the moderating effect of personality on the association between leisure activities and executive control in healthy community-dwelling older adults. We found two distinct personality typologies: individuals with a resilient personality were characterized by emotional stability and self-confidence; whereas, those who resembled an overcontrolled personality tended to be introverted but also low on neuroticism. Resilient individuals were more likely than overcontrolled individuals to demonstrate higher executive function and attention as a result of participation in mental activities. These results suggest that personality might be important to include in studies that test the efficacy of activity interventions for improving cognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-176
Number of pages24
JournalActivities, Adaptation and Aging
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015

Fingerprint

Leisure Activities
Executive Function
Personality
Independent Living
Cognition

Keywords

  • cognition
  • leisure activity
  • personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The Moderating Effect of Personality Type on the Relationship Between Leisure Activity and Executive Control in Older Adults. / Hill, Nikki L.; Lin, Feng; Parisi, Jeanine; Kolanowski, Ann.

In: Activities, Adaptation and Aging, Vol. 39, No. 2, 03.04.2015, p. 153-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a1930fbff8104e6faecb6e7ec6b70aa6,
title = "The Moderating Effect of Personality Type on the Relationship Between Leisure Activity and Executive Control in Older Adults",
abstract = "We examined the moderating effect of personality on the association between leisure activities and executive control in healthy community-dwelling older adults. We found two distinct personality typologies: individuals with a resilient personality were characterized by emotional stability and self-confidence; whereas, those who resembled an overcontrolled personality tended to be introverted but also low on neuroticism. Resilient individuals were more likely than overcontrolled individuals to demonstrate higher executive function and attention as a result of participation in mental activities. These results suggest that personality might be important to include in studies that test the efficacy of activity interventions for improving cognition.",
keywords = "cognition, leisure activity, personality",
author = "Hill, {Nikki L.} and Feng Lin and Jeanine Parisi and Ann Kolanowski",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/01924788.2015.1025659",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
pages = "153--176",
journal = "Activities, Adaptation and Aging",
issn = "0192-4788",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Moderating Effect of Personality Type on the Relationship Between Leisure Activity and Executive Control in Older Adults

AU - Hill, Nikki L.

AU - Lin, Feng

AU - Parisi, Jeanine

AU - Kolanowski, Ann

PY - 2015/4/3

Y1 - 2015/4/3

N2 - We examined the moderating effect of personality on the association between leisure activities and executive control in healthy community-dwelling older adults. We found two distinct personality typologies: individuals with a resilient personality were characterized by emotional stability and self-confidence; whereas, those who resembled an overcontrolled personality tended to be introverted but also low on neuroticism. Resilient individuals were more likely than overcontrolled individuals to demonstrate higher executive function and attention as a result of participation in mental activities. These results suggest that personality might be important to include in studies that test the efficacy of activity interventions for improving cognition.

AB - We examined the moderating effect of personality on the association between leisure activities and executive control in healthy community-dwelling older adults. We found two distinct personality typologies: individuals with a resilient personality were characterized by emotional stability and self-confidence; whereas, those who resembled an overcontrolled personality tended to be introverted but also low on neuroticism. Resilient individuals were more likely than overcontrolled individuals to demonstrate higher executive function and attention as a result of participation in mental activities. These results suggest that personality might be important to include in studies that test the efficacy of activity interventions for improving cognition.

KW - cognition

KW - leisure activity

KW - personality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84932631205&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84932631205&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01924788.2015.1025659

DO - 10.1080/01924788.2015.1025659

M3 - Article

C2 - 27087715

AN - SCOPUS:84932631205

VL - 39

SP - 153

EP - 176

JO - Activities, Adaptation and Aging

JF - Activities, Adaptation and Aging

SN - 0192-4788

IS - 2

ER -