The management and expression of pride: Age and gender effects across adolescence

Lindsey Webb, Sheri Stegall, Scott Mirabile, Janice Zeman, Ashley Shields, Carisa Perry-Parrish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Understanding of the role that positive emotions play in adolescent social development requires studying the normative development of these emotions. This research examined pride expression and management across adolescence, focusing on gender and developmental differences. Participants were 206 Caucasian youth (52.9% girls) in grades 5 (Mage = 11.10 years), 8 (Mage = 14.45), 11 (Mage = 17.26), and university (Mage = 19.61). Youth responded to two vignettes assessing reactions to pride-eliciting situations. Compared to boys, girls reported more intense pride experience and a higher likelihood of expressing pride. Increases across adolescence were found for self-efficacy in suppressing pride expression, and for expressing modesty in pride-eliciting situations. Older adolescents were less likely than younger adolescents to expect to receive a negative peer reaction when inhibiting pride. These results indicate the importance of gender-specific examinations of pride across adolescent development with implications for adaptive psychosocial functioning and positive psychology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Adolescence
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016


  • Adolescence
  • Developmental differences
  • Emotion regulation
  • Gender
  • Pride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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