The Latent Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Reservoir Resides Primarily in CD32-CD4+ T Cells in Perinatally HIV-Infected Adolescents With Long-Term Virologic Suppression

Adit Dhummakupt, Lilly V. Siems, Dolly Singh, Ya Hui Chen, Thuy Anderson, Aleisha Collinson-Streng, Hao Zhang, Purvish Patel, Allison Lorna Agwu, Deborah Persaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: High-level expression of the Fcγ receptor, CD32hi, on CD4+ T cells was associated with enhanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of the latent reservoir in a study of adults receiving antiretroviral therapy. We tested the hypothesis that CD32 was the preferential marker of the latent HIV reservoir in virally suppressed, perinatally HIV-infected adolescents. Methods: The frequency of CD32hiCD4+ T cells was determined by flow cytometry (N = 5) and the inducible HIV reservoir in both CD32hi and CD32-CD4+ T cells was quantified (N = 4) with a quantitative viral outgrowth assay. Viral outgrowth was measured by the standard p24 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and an ultrasensitive p24 assay (Simoa; Quanterix) with lower limits of quantitation. Results: We found a 59.55-fold enrichment in the absolute number of infectious cells in the CD32- population compared with CD32hi cells. Exponential HIV replication occurred exclusively in CD32-CD4+ T cells (mean change, 17.46 pg/mL; P = .04). Induced provirus in CD32hiCD4+ T cells replicated to substantially lower levels, which did not increase significantly over time (mean change, 0.026 pg/mL; P = .23) and were detected only with the Simoa assay. Conclusions: Our data suggests that the latent HIV reservoir resides mainly in CD32-CD4+ T cells in virally suppressed, perinatally HIV-infected adolescents, which has implications for reservoir elimination strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-88
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of infectious diseases
Volume219
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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HIV
T-Lymphocytes
Pyridinolcarbamate
Proviruses
Fc Receptors
Virus Diseases
Virus Replication
Flow Cytometry
Cell Count
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Population
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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The Latent Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Reservoir Resides Primarily in CD32-CD4+ T Cells in Perinatally HIV-Infected Adolescents With Long-Term Virologic Suppression. / Dhummakupt, Adit; Siems, Lilly V.; Singh, Dolly; Chen, Ya Hui; Anderson, Thuy; Collinson-Streng, Aleisha; Zhang, Hao; Patel, Purvish; Agwu, Allison Lorna; Persaud, Deborah.

In: The Journal of infectious diseases, Vol. 219, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 80-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dhummakupt, Adit ; Siems, Lilly V. ; Singh, Dolly ; Chen, Ya Hui ; Anderson, Thuy ; Collinson-Streng, Aleisha ; Zhang, Hao ; Patel, Purvish ; Agwu, Allison Lorna ; Persaud, Deborah. / The Latent Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Reservoir Resides Primarily in CD32-CD4+ T Cells in Perinatally HIV-Infected Adolescents With Long-Term Virologic Suppression. In: The Journal of infectious diseases. 2019 ; Vol. 219, No. 1. pp. 80-88.
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abstract = "Background: High-level expression of the Fcγ receptor, CD32hi, on CD4+ T cells was associated with enhanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of the latent reservoir in a study of adults receiving antiretroviral therapy. We tested the hypothesis that CD32 was the preferential marker of the latent HIV reservoir in virally suppressed, perinatally HIV-infected adolescents. Methods: The frequency of CD32hiCD4+ T cells was determined by flow cytometry (N = 5) and the inducible HIV reservoir in both CD32hi and CD32-CD4+ T cells was quantified (N = 4) with a quantitative viral outgrowth assay. Viral outgrowth was measured by the standard p24 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and an ultrasensitive p24 assay (Simoa; Quanterix) with lower limits of quantitation. Results: We found a 59.55-fold enrichment in the absolute number of infectious cells in the CD32- population compared with CD32hi cells. Exponential HIV replication occurred exclusively in CD32-CD4+ T cells (mean change, 17.46 pg/mL; P = .04). Induced provirus in CD32hiCD4+ T cells replicated to substantially lower levels, which did not increase significantly over time (mean change, 0.026 pg/mL; P = .23) and were detected only with the Simoa assay. Conclusions: Our data suggests that the latent HIV reservoir resides mainly in CD32-CD4+ T cells in virally suppressed, perinatally HIV-infected adolescents, which has implications for reservoir elimination strategies.",
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AU - Dhummakupt, Adit

AU - Siems, Lilly V.

AU - Singh, Dolly

AU - Chen, Ya Hui

AU - Anderson, Thuy

AU - Collinson-Streng, Aleisha

AU - Zhang, Hao

AU - Patel, Purvish

AU - Agwu, Allison Lorna

AU - Persaud, Deborah

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: High-level expression of the Fcγ receptor, CD32hi, on CD4+ T cells was associated with enhanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of the latent reservoir in a study of adults receiving antiretroviral therapy. We tested the hypothesis that CD32 was the preferential marker of the latent HIV reservoir in virally suppressed, perinatally HIV-infected adolescents. Methods: The frequency of CD32hiCD4+ T cells was determined by flow cytometry (N = 5) and the inducible HIV reservoir in both CD32hi and CD32-CD4+ T cells was quantified (N = 4) with a quantitative viral outgrowth assay. Viral outgrowth was measured by the standard p24 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and an ultrasensitive p24 assay (Simoa; Quanterix) with lower limits of quantitation. Results: We found a 59.55-fold enrichment in the absolute number of infectious cells in the CD32- population compared with CD32hi cells. Exponential HIV replication occurred exclusively in CD32-CD4+ T cells (mean change, 17.46 pg/mL; P = .04). Induced provirus in CD32hiCD4+ T cells replicated to substantially lower levels, which did not increase significantly over time (mean change, 0.026 pg/mL; P = .23) and were detected only with the Simoa assay. Conclusions: Our data suggests that the latent HIV reservoir resides mainly in CD32-CD4+ T cells in virally suppressed, perinatally HIV-infected adolescents, which has implications for reservoir elimination strategies.

AB - Background: High-level expression of the Fcγ receptor, CD32hi, on CD4+ T cells was associated with enhanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of the latent reservoir in a study of adults receiving antiretroviral therapy. We tested the hypothesis that CD32 was the preferential marker of the latent HIV reservoir in virally suppressed, perinatally HIV-infected adolescents. Methods: The frequency of CD32hiCD4+ T cells was determined by flow cytometry (N = 5) and the inducible HIV reservoir in both CD32hi and CD32-CD4+ T cells was quantified (N = 4) with a quantitative viral outgrowth assay. Viral outgrowth was measured by the standard p24 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and an ultrasensitive p24 assay (Simoa; Quanterix) with lower limits of quantitation. Results: We found a 59.55-fold enrichment in the absolute number of infectious cells in the CD32- population compared with CD32hi cells. Exponential HIV replication occurred exclusively in CD32-CD4+ T cells (mean change, 17.46 pg/mL; P = .04). Induced provirus in CD32hiCD4+ T cells replicated to substantially lower levels, which did not increase significantly over time (mean change, 0.026 pg/mL; P = .23) and were detected only with the Simoa assay. Conclusions: Our data suggests that the latent HIV reservoir resides mainly in CD32-CD4+ T cells in virally suppressed, perinatally HIV-infected adolescents, which has implications for reservoir elimination strategies.

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