The johns hopkins model of psychological first aid (RAPID - PFA): Curriculum development and content validation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

There appears to be virtual universal endorsement of the need for and value of acute "psychological first aid" (PFA) in the wake of trauma and disasters. In this paper, we describe the development of the curriculum for The Johns Hopkins RAPID - PFA model of psychological first aid. We employed an adaptation of the basic framework for the development of a clinical science as recommended by Millon which entailed: historical review, theoretical development, and content validation. The process of content validation of the RAPID - PFA curriculum entailed the assessment of attitudes (confidence in the application of PFA interventions, preparedness in the application of PFA); knowledge related to the application of immediate mental health interventions; and behavior (the ability to recognize clinical markers in the field as assessed via a videotape recognition exercise). Results of the content validation phase suggest the six-hour RAPID-PFA curriculum, initially based upon structural modeling analysis, can improve confidence in the application of PFA interventions, preparedness in the application of PFA, knowledge related to the application of immediate mental health interventions, and the ability to recognize clinical markers in the field as assessed via a videotape recognition exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of emergency mental health
Volume14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 26 2012

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Crisis intervention
  • Disaster mental health
  • PFA
  • Psychological first aid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this