Lead (Pb) induces the expression of immediate early genes (IEG) in PC12 cells by a mechanism that involves protein kinase C (PKC). To define the mechanisms, the involvement of two commonly observed lipid activators of PKC, diacylglycerols, and phosphatidylinositols, were examined. A dose-dependent increase in the expression of the IEG zif268 was observed in PC12 cells exposed to Pb. The PKC inhibitor Ro-31-8220 blocked the induction. An increase in levels of diacylglycerols was observed in PC12 cells exposed to Pb, but the increase was inhibited by Ro-31-8220. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor Wortmannin, but not the inhibitor LY 294002, blocked the induction zif268 in Pb-exposed cells. Small increases in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity were observed after exposure to Pb. In summary, diacylglycerols are elevated in PC12 cells exposed to Pb by a mechanism that requires PKC. It is possible that diacylglycerols contribute to the induction of zif268 by Pb by sustaining PKC activation.
- Lead, protein kinase C
- Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase
- zif268, diacylglycerol
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience