The inner fluctuations of the brain in presymptomatic Frontotemporal Dementia

The chronnectome fingerprint

Genetic FTD Initiative, GENFI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) is preceded by a long period of subtle brain changes, occurring in the absence of overt cognitive symptoms, that need to be still fully characterized. Dynamic network analysis based on resting-state magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) is a potentially powerful tool for the study of preclinical FTD. In the present study, we employed a “chronnectome” approach (recurring, time-varying patterns of connectivity) to evaluate measures of dynamic connectivity in 472 at-risk FTD subjects from the Genetic Frontotemporal dementia research Initiative (GENFI) cohort. We considered 249 subjects with FTD-related pathogenetic mutations and 223 mutation non-carriers (HC). Dynamic connectivity was evaluated using independent component analysis and sliding-time window correlation to rs-fMRI data, and meta-state measures of global brain flexibility were extracted. Results show that presymptomatic FTD exhibits diminished dynamic fluidity, visiting less meta-states, shifting less often across them, and travelling through a narrowed meta-state distance, as compared to HC. Dynamic connectivity changes characterize preclinical FTD, arguing for the desynchronization of the inner fluctuations of the brain. These changes antedate clinical symptoms, and might represent an early signature of FTD to be used as a biomarker in clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-654
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroImage
Volume189
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Frontotemporal Dementia
Dermatoglyphics
Brain
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Mutation
Biomarkers
Clinical Trials

Keywords

  • C9orf72
  • Chronnectome
  • Dynamic brain functional connectivity
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Granulin
  • Microtuble associate protein tau
  • Mutation
  • resting-state fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

The inner fluctuations of the brain in presymptomatic Frontotemporal Dementia : The chronnectome fingerprint. / Genetic FTD Initiative, GENFI.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 189, 01.04.2019, p. 645-654.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) is preceded by a long period of subtle brain changes, occurring in the absence of overt cognitive symptoms, that need to be still fully characterized. Dynamic network analysis based on resting-state magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) is a potentially powerful tool for the study of preclinical FTD. In the present study, we employed a “chronnectome” approach (recurring, time-varying patterns of connectivity) to evaluate measures of dynamic connectivity in 472 at-risk FTD subjects from the Genetic Frontotemporal dementia research Initiative (GENFI) cohort. We considered 249 subjects with FTD-related pathogenetic mutations and 223 mutation non-carriers (HC). Dynamic connectivity was evaluated using independent component analysis and sliding-time window correlation to rs-fMRI data, and meta-state measures of global brain flexibility were extracted. Results show that presymptomatic FTD exhibits diminished dynamic fluidity, visiting less meta-states, shifting less often across them, and travelling through a narrowed meta-state distance, as compared to HC. Dynamic connectivity changes characterize preclinical FTD, arguing for the desynchronization of the inner fluctuations of the brain. These changes antedate clinical symptoms, and might represent an early signature of FTD to be used as a biomarker in clinical trials.",
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AU - Santana, Isabel

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