The influence of female gender on the outcome of carotid endarterectomy: A challenge to the ACAS findings

Yaron Sternbach, Bruce Alan Perler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. In the Asymptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Study (ACAS) the perioperative stroke and mortality rate was more than twice as high in women as in men, markedly reducing the long-term benefit of the operation; therefore the role of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) among women with asymptomatic carotid stenoses remains unclear. The current study was undertaken to further examine the influence of gender on the outcome of the operation. Methods. To control for all variables except gender, the records of all patients in an academic medical center who underwent elective CEA for asymptomatic disease, performed by one surgeon employing a uniform technique, over a 7-year interval were reviewed. Results. From January 1992 through September 1998, 156 CEA procedures for asymptomatic carotid stenoses were performed on 66 (44%) women (n = 68) and 83 (56%) men (n = 88). There were no differences in the prevalence of hypertension (69 % vs 69 %), diabetes mellitus (24 % vs 19 %), hyperlipidemia (47% vs 47%), or smoking (46% vs 60%) between women and men, respectively, although a history of angina (28% vs 13%, P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-275
Number of pages4
JournalSurgery
Volume127
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000

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Carotid Endarterectomy
Carotid Stenosis
Asymptomatic Diseases
Hyperlipidemias
Diabetes Mellitus
Smoking
Stroke
Hypertension
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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The influence of female gender on the outcome of carotid endarterectomy : A challenge to the ACAS findings. / Sternbach, Yaron; Perler, Bruce Alan.

In: Surgery, Vol. 127, No. 3, 2000, p. 272-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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