The induction of cyclooxygenase-2 by interleukin-4 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells: A possible role in regulation of fetal vascular tone

M. E. Lantz, E. P. Spaziani, R. R. Benoit, W. F. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine a possible role for interleukin-4 in the control of umbilical cord blood flow by evaluating its effect on cyclooxygenase-2 production of a vasoactive prostaglandin. STUDY DESIGN: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells in culture were incubated for 16 hours in media containing interleukin-4 in concentrations from 5 to 100 ng/ml. Prostaglandin E2 concentrations in the culture media were measured using a monoclonal enzyme-immunoassay. Concentrations of cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 were determined by Western blot analysis on celt homogenates. Statistical comparisons between prostaglandin E2, cyclooxygenase-1, and cyclooxygenase-2 concentrations for each interleukin-4 concentration were performed using a one way analysis of variance. RESULTS: Incubation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in media containing interleukin-4 resulted in a significant increase in both prostaglandin E2 and cyclooxygenase-2 for interleukin-4 concentrations greater than 50 ng/ml (p < 0.05). Cyclooxygenase-1 levels were not affected. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that interleukin-4 may have a role in the regulation of umbilical blood flow mediated through the induction of cyclooxygenase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-258
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume178
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Cyclooxygenase
  • Human umbilical vein endothelial cells
  • Interleukin- 4
  • Umbilical blood flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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