The increased rate of stimulant treatment for hyperactive/inattentive students in secondary schools

D. J. Safer, J. M. Krager

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To describe trends in medication use for hyperactive/inattentive (HA/I) secondary school students from 1975 through 1993 and to present differences in the treatment of HA/I relative to school grade. Design. A comprehensive survey of the HA/I treatment of public elementary and secondary school students has been conducted biennially by school nurses in Baltimore County, MD since 1975. Results. Although only 11% of all public school students on medication for HA/I were in secondary schools in 1975, the proportion gradually rose such that in the 1990s, 30% of all medicated students were attending secondary schools. Also in secondary schools, the gender ratio for students on medication for HA/I narrowed from a 1:12 female/male ratio in 1981 to a 1:6 female/male ratio in 1993. Conclusions. Many more elementary school students are now remaining on stimulant medication for HA/I into their teens. Compared with a decade ago, relatively more girls are on stimulant treatment for HA/I during their secondary school years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-464
Number of pages3
JournalPediatrics
Volume94
Issue number4 I
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adolescent health services
  • attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity
  • drug utilization
  • methylphenidate
  • student health services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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