The incidence of HIV-1 associated with injections and transfusions in a prospective cohort, Rakai, Uganda

Noah Kiwanuka, Ronald H. Gray, David Serwadda, Xianbin Li, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Godfrey Kigozi, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Maria J. Wawer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The incidence of HIV associated with medical injections was assessed in a cohort of 6868 HIV-negative individuals; 42.8% reported injections and 0.5% reported transfusions. The Poisson adjusted rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of incident HIV were 1.05 (CI 0.75-1.46) associated with medical injections, and 3.92 (CI 1.22-12.58) associated with transfusions. Sexual behaviours were significantly associated with HIV risk. Medical injections did not increase HIV acquisition in this rural Ugandan population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-344
Number of pages3
JournalAIDS
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 23 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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