The incidence and clinical significance of nucleophosmin mutations in childhood AML

Patrick Brown, Emily McIntyre, Rachel Rau, Soheil Meshinchi, Norman Lacayo, Gary Dahl, Todd A. Alonzo, Myron Chang, Robert J. Arceci, Donald Small

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Frameshift mutations in exon 12 of the nucleophosmin gene (NPM1) result in aberrant cytoplasmic localization of the NPM protein (NPMc+) and occur in 25% to 35% of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In adults with AML, NPMc+ has been associated with normal karyotype, FLT3/ITD mutations, high remission induction rates, and improved survival (particularly in patients lacking FLT3/ITD). NPMc+ has not been well characterized in childhood AML. This study examines the incidence and clinical significance of NPMc + in 295 children with newly diagnosed AML treated on a large cooperative group clinical trial (POG-9421). We find that NPMc+ is relatively uncommon in childhood AML (23 of 295 patients, 8%); and is significantly associated with FLT3/ITD mutations (P = .046), female sex (P = .029), older age (P = .047), and normal cytogenetics (P < .001). There is a favorable impact of NPMc+ on survival in children lacking FLT3/ITD (5-year EFS, 69% vs 35%; hazard ratio, 0.39; P = .051), which is similar in magnitude to the favorable impact of t(8;21) and inv(16). We conclude that NPMc+ is relatively rare in childhood AML, particularly in younger children. NPMc+ does not abrogate the negative prognostic influence of FLT3/ITD mutations, but may contribute to risk stratification in children who lack FLT3/ITD mutations by identifying a group with superior prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)979-985
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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