The impact of secondhand smoke exposure on children with cystic fibrosis: A review

Benjamin T. Kopp, Juan Antonio Ortega-García, S. Christy Sadreameli, Jack Wellmerling, Estelle Cormet-Boyaka, Rohan Thompson, Sharon McGrath-Morrow, Judith A. Groner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) has multiple adverse effects on lung function and growth, nutrition, and immune function in children; it is increasingly being recognized as an important modifier of disease severity for children with chronic diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF). This review examines what is known regarding the prevalence of SHSe in CF, with the majority of reviewed studies utilizing parental-reporting of SHSe without an objective biomarker of exposure. A wide range of SHSe is reported in children with CF, but under-reporting is common in studies involving both reported and measured SHSe. Additionally, the impact of SHSe on respiratory and nutritional health is discussed, with potential decreases in long-term lung function, linear growth, and weight gain noted in CF children with SHSe. Immunologic function in children with CF and SHSe remains unknown. The impact of SHSe on cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) function is also examined, as reduced CFTR function may be a pathophysiologic consequence of SHSe in CF and could modulate therapeutic interventions. Finally, potential interventions for ongoing SHSe are delineated along with recommended future areas of study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1003
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Pediatric
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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