The impact of pregnancy on women's prenatal and postpartum smoking behavior

P. O'Campo, Ruth R Faden, H. Brown, Andrea Gielen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report patterns of prenatal smoking cessation and postpartum relapse for a large urban population of pregnant women. We examined associations between sociodemographic factors and prepregnancy, pregnancy, and early postpartum smoking behavior. Forty-one percent of women smoking before pregnancy quit smoking during pregnancy. Sociodemographic factors important in predicting smoking cessation during pregnancy, as determined through logistic regression analyses, differed significantly for white and black women. Among white women, education, age, and parity were important predictors of cessation, whereas among black women, only intention to breastfeed was a significant predictor of smoking cessation during pregnancy. Early postpartum smoking relapse rates differed by ethnicity. Twenty-eight percent of white women and 46% of black women who had quit during pregnancy relapsed within 6-12 weeks postpartum. Using logistic regression, we found formula feeding to be the most important predictor of early postpartum smoking relapse for both white and black women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1992

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Postpartum Period
Smoking
Pregnancy
Smoking Cessation
Recurrence
Logistic Models
Urban Population
Parity
Pregnant Women
Regression Analysis
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The impact of pregnancy on women's prenatal and postpartum smoking behavior. / O'Campo, P.; Faden, Ruth R; Brown, H.; Gielen, Andrea.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1992, p. 8-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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