Objective: To evaluate the effects on patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of detailed, personalized information about their injuries, acute care treatment, and rehabilitation progress. Participants: Twenty-eight former or present military personnel (mean age = 30 years) with moderate to severe TBI (mean of 29 days spent in intensive care before admission to TBI unit). Design: Two (personalized information vs. general information) × 2 (high- vs. low-patient preference for health care information) factorial design. Interpersonal behavior of patients, information providers, and health care staff were measured by the Impact Message Inventory. Outcome Measures: Rehabilitation Intensity of Therapy Scale, Functional Independence Measure, Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire. Results: Patients given personalized information exerted greater effort in physical therapy, made greater improvement in functional independence, and were more satisfied with /rehabilitation treatment. Patient preference for information and ratings of interpersonal behavior were largely unrelated to patient outcomes. Conclusion: Cognitively impaired TBI patients can benefit from interventions designed to enhance their sense of control and personal involvement in their own care.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health