Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the robustness of different PET/CT image radiomic features over a wide range of different reconstruction settings. Methods: Phantom and patient studies were conducted, including two PET/CT scanners. Different reconstruction algorithms and parameters including number of sub-iterations, number of subsets, full width at half maximum (FWHM) of Gaussian filter, scan time per bed position and matrix size were studied. Lesions were delineated and one hundred radiomic features were extracted. All radiomics features were categorized based on coefficient of variation (COV). Results: Forty seven percent features showed COV ≤ 5% and 10% of which showed COV > 20%. All geometry based, 44% and 41% of intensity based and texture based features were found as robust respectively. In regard to matrix size, 56% and 6% of all features were found non-robust (COV > 20%) and robust (COV ≤ 5%) respectively. Conclusions: Variability and robustness of PET/CT image radiomics in advanced reconstruction settings is feature-dependent, and different settings have different effects on different features. Radiomic features with low COV can be considered as good candidates for reproducible tumour quantification in multi-center studies. Key Points: • PET/CT image radiomics is a quantitative approach assessing different aspects of tumour uptake. • Radiomic features robustness is an important issue over different image reconstruction settings. • Variability and robustness of PET/CT image radiomics in advanced reconstruction settings is feature-dependent. • Robust radiomic features can be considered as good candidates for tumour quantification.
- Reconstruction settings
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging