The Impact of Financial Barriers on Access to Care, Quality of Care and Vascular Morbidity Among Patients with Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease

Puja B. Parikh, Jie Yang, Steven Leigh, Kunchok Dorjee, Roopali Parikh, Nicholas Sakellarios, Hongdao Meng, David L. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prevalence and consequences of financial barriers to health care among patients with multiple chronic diseases are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the prevalence of self-reported financial barriers to health care among individuals with diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD) and to determine their association with access to care, quality of care and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: The 2007 Centers for Disease Control Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Diabetic patients with CHD. MAIN MEASURES: Financial barriers to health care were defined by a self-reported time in the past 12 months when the respondent needed to see a doctor but could not because of cost. The primary clinical outcome was vascular morbidity—a composite of stroke, retinopathy, nonhealing foot sores or bilateral foot amputations. KEY RESULTS: Among the 11,274 diabetics with CHD, 1,541 (13.7 %) reported financial barriers to health care. Compared to individuals without financial barriers, those with financial barriers had significantly reduced rates of medical assessments within the past 2 years, hemoglobin (Hgb) A1C measurements in the past year, cholesterol measurements at any time, eye and foot examinations within the past year, diabetic education, antihypertensive treatment, aspirin use and a higher prevalence of vascular morbidity. In multivariable analyses, financial barriers to health care were independently associated with reduced odds of medical checkups (Odds Ratio [OR], 0.61; 95 % Confidence Intervals [CI], 0.55–0.67), Hgb A1C measurement (OR, 0.85; 95 % CI, 0.77–0.94), cholesterol measurement (OR, 0.76; 95 % CI, 0.67–0.86), eye (OR, 0.85; 95 % CI, 0.79–0.92) and foot (OR, 0.92; 95 % CI, 0.84–1.00) examinations, diabetic education (OR, 0.93; 95 % CI, 0.87–0.99), aspirin use (OR, 0.88; 95 % CI, 0.81–0.96) and increased odds of vascular morbidity (OR, 1.23; 95 % CI, 1.14–1.33). CONCLUSIONS: In diabetic adults with CHD, financial barriers to health care were associated with impaired access to medical care, inferior quality of care and greater vascular morbidity. Eliminating financial barriers and adherence to guideline-based recommendations may improve the health of individuals with multiple chronic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Quality of Health Care
Coronary Disease
Blood Vessels
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Morbidity
Delivery of Health Care
Foot
Aspirin
Hemoglobins
Cholesterol
Guideline Adherence
Education
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Amputation
Antihypertensive Agents
Stroke
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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The Impact of Financial Barriers on Access to Care, Quality of Care and Vascular Morbidity Among Patients with Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease. / Parikh, Puja B.; Yang, Jie; Leigh, Steven; Dorjee, Kunchok; Parikh, Roopali; Sakellarios, Nicholas; Meng, Hongdao; Brown, David L.

In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 76-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Parikh, Puja B. ; Yang, Jie ; Leigh, Steven ; Dorjee, Kunchok ; Parikh, Roopali ; Sakellarios, Nicholas ; Meng, Hongdao ; Brown, David L. / The Impact of Financial Barriers on Access to Care, Quality of Care and Vascular Morbidity Among Patients with Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease. In: Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 76-81.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: The prevalence and consequences of financial barriers to health care among patients with multiple chronic diseases are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the prevalence of self-reported financial barriers to health care among individuals with diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD) and to determine their association with access to care, quality of care and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: The 2007 Centers for Disease Control Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Diabetic patients with CHD. MAIN MEASURES: Financial barriers to health care were defined by a self-reported time in the past 12 months when the respondent needed to see a doctor but could not because of cost. The primary clinical outcome was vascular morbidity—a composite of stroke, retinopathy, nonhealing foot sores or bilateral foot amputations. KEY RESULTS: Among the 11,274 diabetics with CHD, 1,541 (13.7 {\%}) reported financial barriers to health care. Compared to individuals without financial barriers, those with financial barriers had significantly reduced rates of medical assessments within the past 2 years, hemoglobin (Hgb) A1C measurements in the past year, cholesterol measurements at any time, eye and foot examinations within the past year, diabetic education, antihypertensive treatment, aspirin use and a higher prevalence of vascular morbidity. In multivariable analyses, financial barriers to health care were independently associated with reduced odds of medical checkups (Odds Ratio [OR], 0.61; 95 {\%} Confidence Intervals [CI], 0.55–0.67), Hgb A1C measurement (OR, 0.85; 95 {\%} CI, 0.77–0.94), cholesterol measurement (OR, 0.76; 95 {\%} CI, 0.67–0.86), eye (OR, 0.85; 95 {\%} CI, 0.79–0.92) and foot (OR, 0.92; 95 {\%} CI, 0.84–1.00) examinations, diabetic education (OR, 0.93; 95 {\%} CI, 0.87–0.99), aspirin use (OR, 0.88; 95 {\%} CI, 0.81–0.96) and increased odds of vascular morbidity (OR, 1.23; 95 {\%} CI, 1.14–1.33). CONCLUSIONS: In diabetic adults with CHD, financial barriers to health care were associated with impaired access to medical care, inferior quality of care and greater vascular morbidity. Eliminating financial barriers and adherence to guideline-based recommendations may improve the health of individuals with multiple chronic diseases.",
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AU - Dorjee, Kunchok

AU - Parikh, Roopali

AU - Sakellarios, Nicholas

AU - Meng, Hongdao

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N2 - BACKGROUND: The prevalence and consequences of financial barriers to health care among patients with multiple chronic diseases are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the prevalence of self-reported financial barriers to health care among individuals with diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD) and to determine their association with access to care, quality of care and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: The 2007 Centers for Disease Control Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Diabetic patients with CHD. MAIN MEASURES: Financial barriers to health care were defined by a self-reported time in the past 12 months when the respondent needed to see a doctor but could not because of cost. The primary clinical outcome was vascular morbidity—a composite of stroke, retinopathy, nonhealing foot sores or bilateral foot amputations. KEY RESULTS: Among the 11,274 diabetics with CHD, 1,541 (13.7 %) reported financial barriers to health care. Compared to individuals without financial barriers, those with financial barriers had significantly reduced rates of medical assessments within the past 2 years, hemoglobin (Hgb) A1C measurements in the past year, cholesterol measurements at any time, eye and foot examinations within the past year, diabetic education, antihypertensive treatment, aspirin use and a higher prevalence of vascular morbidity. In multivariable analyses, financial barriers to health care were independently associated with reduced odds of medical checkups (Odds Ratio [OR], 0.61; 95 % Confidence Intervals [CI], 0.55–0.67), Hgb A1C measurement (OR, 0.85; 95 % CI, 0.77–0.94), cholesterol measurement (OR, 0.76; 95 % CI, 0.67–0.86), eye (OR, 0.85; 95 % CI, 0.79–0.92) and foot (OR, 0.92; 95 % CI, 0.84–1.00) examinations, diabetic education (OR, 0.93; 95 % CI, 0.87–0.99), aspirin use (OR, 0.88; 95 % CI, 0.81–0.96) and increased odds of vascular morbidity (OR, 1.23; 95 % CI, 1.14–1.33). CONCLUSIONS: In diabetic adults with CHD, financial barriers to health care were associated with impaired access to medical care, inferior quality of care and greater vascular morbidity. Eliminating financial barriers and adherence to guideline-based recommendations may improve the health of individuals with multiple chronic diseases.

AB - BACKGROUND: The prevalence and consequences of financial barriers to health care among patients with multiple chronic diseases are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the prevalence of self-reported financial barriers to health care among individuals with diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD) and to determine their association with access to care, quality of care and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: The 2007 Centers for Disease Control Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Diabetic patients with CHD. MAIN MEASURES: Financial barriers to health care were defined by a self-reported time in the past 12 months when the respondent needed to see a doctor but could not because of cost. The primary clinical outcome was vascular morbidity—a composite of stroke, retinopathy, nonhealing foot sores or bilateral foot amputations. KEY RESULTS: Among the 11,274 diabetics with CHD, 1,541 (13.7 %) reported financial barriers to health care. Compared to individuals without financial barriers, those with financial barriers had significantly reduced rates of medical assessments within the past 2 years, hemoglobin (Hgb) A1C measurements in the past year, cholesterol measurements at any time, eye and foot examinations within the past year, diabetic education, antihypertensive treatment, aspirin use and a higher prevalence of vascular morbidity. In multivariable analyses, financial barriers to health care were independently associated with reduced odds of medical checkups (Odds Ratio [OR], 0.61; 95 % Confidence Intervals [CI], 0.55–0.67), Hgb A1C measurement (OR, 0.85; 95 % CI, 0.77–0.94), cholesterol measurement (OR, 0.76; 95 % CI, 0.67–0.86), eye (OR, 0.85; 95 % CI, 0.79–0.92) and foot (OR, 0.92; 95 % CI, 0.84–1.00) examinations, diabetic education (OR, 0.93; 95 % CI, 0.87–0.99), aspirin use (OR, 0.88; 95 % CI, 0.81–0.96) and increased odds of vascular morbidity (OR, 1.23; 95 % CI, 1.14–1.33). CONCLUSIONS: In diabetic adults with CHD, financial barriers to health care were associated with impaired access to medical care, inferior quality of care and greater vascular morbidity. Eliminating financial barriers and adherence to guideline-based recommendations may improve the health of individuals with multiple chronic diseases.

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