The Impact of Dietary Patterns and Nutrition in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Ahyoung Kim, Arunkumar Krishnan, James P. Hamilton, Tinsay A. Woreta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become one of the most common causes of chronic liver disease worldwide. The prevalence of NAFLD has grown proportionally with the rise in obesity, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy dietary patterns, and metabolic syndrome. Currently, in the absence of approved pharmacologic treatment, the keystone of treatment is lifestyle modification focused on achieving a weight loss of 7%–10%, cardiovascular exercise, and improving insulin sensitivity. The primary aim of this review is to outline the effect of different dietetic approaches against NAFLD and highlight the important micronutrient components in the management of NAFLD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-241
Number of pages25
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Dietary recommendations
  • Macronutrients
  • Micronutrients
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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