The impact of cataract surgery on patients from a low-vision clinic

Irene C. Kuo, Aimee T. Broman, Robert W. Massof, William Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation (CE-IOL) in low-vision patients. Design: Prospective, interventional case series. Participants: Twenty low-vision patients (30 eyes) underwent CE-IOL by 1 surgeon at an academic institution. Methods: Pre- and post-CE-IOL visual acuities and responses to a 23-page survey (self-reported functioning in general vision, mobility, illumination, and ability to see faces) were compared. Results: Sixteen patients had age-related macular degeneration (AMD); 1 patient each had rod-cone dystrophy, oculocutaneous albinism, retinitis pigmentosa, or cerebrovascular accident. The average age was 78 years (range: 53-96 years). Preoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ranged from 20/70 to count fingers; postoperative BCVA at 8 weeks was 20/40 to 20/400, with improvement in 25 (83%) eyes of 15 patients, and no change in the rest. The average change in logMAR of BCVA in the 1 eye or in the eye with better preoperative vision in bilateral surgery was an improvement of 0.6 logMAR units (p = 0.0001). Seventeen (85%) patients noted an improvement in visual function and would consent to CE-IOL again. Twelve patients completed the survey pre- and post-CE-IOL at 3 months. More patients could read with a magnifier after surgery. On average, self-reported functioning was improved. Conclusions: In this small study, CE-IOL offered subjective and objective benefits to patients from a low vision clinic, many of whom may have been dissuaded from CE-IOL. Most patients had moderately dense cataracts and moderate to advanced AMD, and these features may help form clinical recommendations. Expectations are important to elicit preoperatively. Postoperatively, patients may be more receptive to low-vision services and devices when the prognosis for visual rehabilitation is better.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-398.e1
JournalCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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