The Impact of Barriers and Self-Efficacy on Self-Care Behaviors in Type 2 Diabetes

Layla I. Aljasem, Mark Peyrot, Larry Wissow, Richard R. Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Scopus citations


PURPOSE this cross-sectional, correlational study examined the relationships of diabetes-specific treatment barriers and self-efficacy with self-care behaviors. METHODS A total of 309 people with type 2 diabetes participated in this study. All of the factors were assessed by selfreport questionnaires. Self-care behaviors included exercise, diet, skipping medication, testing blood for glucose, adjusting insulin to avoid or correct hyperglycemia, and adjusting diet to avoid or correct hypoglycemia. RESULTS Perceived barriers to carrying out self-care behaviors were associated with worse diet and exercise behavior. Greater selfefficacy predicted more frequent blood glucose testing, less frequent skipping of medication and binge eating, and closer adherence to an ideal diet. Nontraditional dimensions of selfefficacy were associated with worse self-care. Self-efficacy explained 4% to 10% of the variance in diabetes self-care behaviors beyond that accounted for by patient characteristics and health beliefs about barriers. CONCLUSIONS The findings of this study provided support for Rosenstock's proposal that a person's self-perceived capability to carry out a behavior should be incorporated into an expanded health belief model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-404
Number of pages12
JournalThe Diabetes Educator
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)


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