The impact of a multilevel childhood obesity prevention intervention on healthful food acquisition, preparation, and fruit and vegetable consumption on African-American adult caregivers

Angela C.B. Trude, Pamela J. Surkan, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Keshia Pollack Porter, Joel Gittelsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the secondary impact of a multilevel, child-focused, obesity intervention on food-related behaviours (acquisition, preparation, fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption) on youths' primary caregivers. Design: B'More Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) group-randomized controlled trial promoted access to healthy foods and food-related behaviours through wholesaler and small store strategies, peer mentor-led nutrition education aimed at youths, and social media and text messaging targeting their adult caregivers. Measures included caregivers' (n 516) self-reported household food acquisition frequency for FV, snacks and grocery items over 30 d, and usual FV consumption in a sub-sample of 226 caregivers via the NCI FV Screener. Hierarchical models assessed average treatment effects (ATE). Treatment-on-the-treated-effect (TTE) analyses evaluated correlation between behavioural change and exposure to BHCK. Exposure scores at post-assessment were based on self-reported viewing of BHCK materials and participating in activities. Setting: Thirty Baltimore City low-income neighbourhoods, USA. Participants: Adult caregivers of youths aged 9-15 years. Results: Of caregivers, 90.89 % were female; mean age 39.31 (sd 9.31) years. Baseline mean (sd) intake (servings/d) was 1.30 (1.69) fruits and 1.35 (1.05) vegetables. In ATE, no significant intervention effect was found on caregivers' food-related behaviours. In TTE, each point increase in BHCK exposure score (range: 0-6.9) increased caregivers' daily fruit consumption by 0.2 servings (0.24 (se 0.11); 95 % CI 0.04, 0.47). Caregivers reporting greater social media exposure tripled their daily fruit intake (3.16 (se 0.92); 95 % CI 1.33, 4.99) and increased their frequency of unhealthy food purchasing v. baseline. Conclusions: Child-focused community-based nutrition interventions may also benefit family members' fruit intake. Child-focused interventions should involve adult caregivers and intervention effects on family members should be assessed. Future multilevel studies should consider using social media to improve reach and engage caregiver participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1300-1315
Number of pages16
JournalPublic health nutrition
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • Adult health
  • African American
  • Childhood obesity
  • Environmental intervention
  • Food purchasing
  • Fruit and vegetables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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