The high prevalence of low hemoglobin concentration among Indonesian infants aged 3-5 months is related to maternal anemia

Saskia De Pee, Martin Bloem, Mayang Sari, Lynnda Kiess, Ray Yip, Soewarta Kosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Iron deficiency anemia among young children is a large health problem. However, there is little information about the prevalence of anemia among young infants because it has been assumed that normal, breast-fed infants have adequate iron stores until 4-6 mo of age. We analyzed cross-sectional data from the HKI/GOI Nutrition and Health Surveillance System in rural Java, Indonesia from Sept. 1999 to Feb. 2001 for hemoglobin (Hb) of 3- to 5-mo-old breast-fed infants (n = 990) and related factors. The prevalence of Hb <90 g/L was 13.4%, <100 g/L, 37%, and <110 g/L, 71%. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that normal birth weight infants (>2500 g) of anemic mothers (Hb <120 g/L) had an odds ratio (OR) [95% confidence interval (CI)] of 1.81 [1.34-2.43] to have a low Hb (<100 g/L) compared with infants of nonanemic mothers with a normal birth weight. Infants of nonanemic mothers but with low birth weight had an OR of 1.15 [0.61-2.16], and those with low birth weight and anemic mothers of 3.68 [1.69-8.02]. Other risk factors included stunting (OR 1.70 [0.97-2.95]), a young mother (

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2215-2221
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume132
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

anemia
Anemia
hemoglobin
Hemoglobins
Mothers
odds ratio
low birth weight
breasts
Odds Ratio
Indonesia
Low Birth Weight Infant
Breast
iron deficiency anemia
Growth Disorders
birth weight
Iron-Deficiency Anemias
growth retardation
Health
confidence interval
risk factors

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Birth weight
  • Hemoglobin
  • Indonesia
  • Infants
  • Maternal anemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

The high prevalence of low hemoglobin concentration among Indonesian infants aged 3-5 months is related to maternal anemia. / De Pee, Saskia; Bloem, Martin; Sari, Mayang; Kiess, Lynnda; Yip, Ray; Kosen, Soewarta.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 132, No. 8, 2002, p. 2215-2221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

De Pee, Saskia ; Bloem, Martin ; Sari, Mayang ; Kiess, Lynnda ; Yip, Ray ; Kosen, Soewarta. / The high prevalence of low hemoglobin concentration among Indonesian infants aged 3-5 months is related to maternal anemia. In: Journal of Nutrition. 2002 ; Vol. 132, No. 8. pp. 2215-2221.
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