The genes for color vision.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Three centuries of experimentation in optics, psychophysics and biochemistry established the dependence of color vision on three kinds of light-absorbing molecules, or pigments, in the cone cells of the retina. The author has isolated the genes that encode the pigments and has identified genetic anomalies that lead to color blindness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-49
Number of pages8
JournalScientific American
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1989


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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