The flipped classroom: A critical appraisal

Aaron S. Kraut, Rodney Omron, Holly Caretta-Weyer, Jaime Jordan, David Manthey, Stephen J. Wolf, Lainie M. Yarris, Stephen Johnson, Josh Kornegay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this study was to review and critically appraise the medical education literature pertaining to a flipped-classroom (FC) education model, and to highlight influential papers that inform our current understanding of the role of the FC in medical education. Methods: A search of the English-language literature querying Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), PsychINFO, PubMed, and Scopus identified 296 papers related to the FC using either quantitative, qualitative, or review methods. Two reviewers independently screened each category of publications using previously established exclusion criteria. Eight reviewers then independently scored the remaining 54 publications using either a qualitative, quantitative, or review-paper scoring system. Each scoring system consisted of nine criteria and used parallel metrics that have been previously used in critical appraisals of education research. Results: A total of 54 papers (33 quantitative, 4 qualitative, and 17 review) on FC met a priori criteria for inclusion and were critically appraised and reviewed. The top 10 highest scoring articles (five quantitative studies, two qualitative studies, and three review papers) are summarized in this article. Conclusion: This installment of the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD) Academy Critical Appraisal series highlights 10 papers that describe the current state of literature on the flipped classroom, including an analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of an FC approach, practical implications for emergency medicine educators, and next steps for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-536
Number of pages10
JournalWestern Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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