The fertility of internal migrants to Kinshasa

Philip Anglewicz, Jamaica Corker, Patrick Kayembe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The rapid population growth of many African cities has important implications for population health, yet little is known about factors contributing to increasing population, such as the fertility of internal migrants. We examine whether in-migrants to Kinshasa have different fertility patterns than lifetime Kinshasa residents, and identify characteristics of migrants that may explain differences in fertility. We also use detailed migration histories to examine whether fertility differs by features of migration. We use representative data from the PMA2020 Project for 2197 women in Kinshasa, including 340 women who moved to Kinshasa. We examine differences between migrants and non-migrants in fertility and other fertility-related characteristics. We also examine whether fertility differs by duration of residence in Kinshasa, number of lifetime moves, age at first migration, urban/rural classification of birthplace, and the distinction between intra-Kinshasa migration and migration to Kinshasa.. Migrants have significantly higher fertility than permanent Kinshasa residents, but the difference is relatively small in magnitude. This higher fertility appears due in part to patterns of contraceptive use among migrants. There is noteworthy heterogeneity among migrants: higher fertility among migrants is associated with longer duration in Kinshasa, more lifetime moves, urban-Kinshasa migration, older age at first migration, and moving to Kinshasa from outside (as opposed to intra-Kinshasa migration).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalGenus
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Fertility
  • Internal migration
  • Urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography

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